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Yavanna

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Yavanna the Queen of the Earth by Sedeptra
Yavanna, by Sedeptra

Yavanna

Biographical information

Other names
Kementári, Palúrien
Titles
Fruit-Giver, Queen of the Earth, Giver of Fruits, Queen of the Valar
Date of birth
Before the creation of Arda
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Realms ruled
Spouse
Weapon
Powers of the Valar

Physical description

Race
Culture
Gender
Female
Height
Varies
Hair color
Eye color
Actor
Voice
Character

Yavanna(Quenya; IPA: [jaˈvanna] - "Giver of Fruits") is an Ainu, one of the Aratar and a Vala who was responsible for the growth of all the fruits and growing things of Arda. She was also called Kementári (Quenya; IPA: "Queen of the Earth"), Ivon (Sindarin; IPA: "Giver of Fruits"). She resided in the Pastures of Yavanna, in the south of Valinor.[1]

She is the wife of Aulë, older sister of Vána,[2] and kin to Melian.[3]

BiographyEdit

Beginning in the Years of the Lamps during the Spring of Arda, she planted and caused to grow the first growing things of the world (trees and plants), which she had long prepared. At first, just as every other thing in the world that the Valar nurtured and cared for, these things prospered and throve for a time. Melkor, however, had his own plans and they involved taking the world from his brethren and ruling it for himself. From his great fortress of Utumno in the far north, he sent forth his poisons into the veins of the world blighting the Spring of Arda. Then the things of Yavanna fell sick and rotted and soon after Melkor assaulted and destroyed the Two Lamps, breaking the world.

Afterwards, the Valar relocated to the continent of Aman where they created the Two Trees - the only light in the whole world at that time. Middle-earth was left in darkness, and the living things that survived were put into a great sleep by Yavanna until the rise of the Sun and the Moon many thousands of years later.

After Eru allowed Aulë's creations, the Dwarves, to survive, Yavanna feared that they would cut down all the trees in Middle-earth. Eru answered her plea by creating Ents to protect the trees.[2][4]

In the Song of the Ainur, Yavanna sung of branches of great trees that would receive the rain of Manwë and Ulmo, and some trees sang to Ilúvatar. This is said to be the conception of the Shepherds of the Trees. Her thought also met with Manwe's, setting the arrival of the Great Eagles.[4]

In the beginning of days, Yavanna planted the first seeds of Arda and watched over the Olvar and all growing things. As Morgoth was corrupting her beloved creatures, she contended with him and supported all the plans against him. After his expulsion from Arda she planted the seeds that she had long devised and life came to Middle-earth during the Spring of Arda, although in the beginning no flowers bloomed.When the Two Lamps were destroyed much of the life on Middle-earth slumbered in the Sleep of Yavanna[5] that lasted until the rising of the Moon and the Sun.

After the destruction of the Two Lamps the Valar withdrew to Aman and created Valinor. Upon the green mound of Ezellohar, Yavanna sat and sang while the other Valar sat and listened. Her song, with the aid of the tears of Nienna brought forth the Two Trees, her greatest creation, which gave light to the land. However, Yavanna did not forsake the Outer Lands; at times she would come there and heal the hurts of Morgoth and urged the other Valar to wage war on him before he Awakening of the Elves.

After Eru allowed Aulë's creations, the Dwarves, to survive, Yavanna feared that they would cut down all the trees in Middle-earth. Aulë, in reply, told her that even Elves and Men, the true Children of Ilúvatar would have need of her trees as well. Yavanna lamented to Manwë, questioning whether anything she had made would be free from the dominion of others. Manwë brought her concerns before Ilúvatar in prayer, and Eru did indeed have pity upon Yavanna: He answered her plea by creating the Ents to protect the trees.

When the Elves built Tirion upon Tol Eressëa Yavanna fashioned the tree Galathilion, a lesser image of Telperion , for the court beneath the Mindon.[6]

After the destruction of the Two Trees Yavanna examined their remains and told the other Valar that if she could use the light of the Silmarils she could heal them. This light she was denied by the will of Fëanor.[7] Doing what she and Nienna could, they managed to bring forth one silver flower from Telperion and one golden fruit from Laurelin. She gave these to her husband Aulë, who fashioned vessels for them and thus created the Moon and the Sun.[8]

For the Men who had stood with the Valar in the War of Wrath the land of Andor was raised by Ossë, established by Aulë, and enriched by Yavanna. When the Edain came to this island they created the realm of Númenor.[9] In the later centuries, when the Valar decided to send emissaries to the mortal lands, Yavanna begged the Maia Curumo to take her servant, Aiwendil, with him.[10]

EtymologyEdit

In Quenya, the name Yavanna means "Giver of Fruits", from yáve ("fruit")[11] and anna ("gift").[12] Kementári, her epithet, means "Queen of the Earth", from kemen ("the Earth")[13] and tari ("Queen").[14]

Her name in Sindarin is Ivon, the "Giver of Fruits". It is only attested in the compound Ivonwin("Maidens of Yavanna").[15] The month Ivanneth may have been named after Yavanna.[16]

Earlier namesEdit

Palúrien was an earlier name for Yavanna. It means "Lady of the Wide Earth."[17]

Maiar of YavannaEdit

Aiwendil (Radagast), is the third wizard sent to help the people of Middle-earth stand against Sauron.

Other versions of the legendariumEdit

In early writings, Oromë was the son of Aulë and Yavanna.[18]

As Palúrien, she was the sister of Varda and Vána.[19]

GalleryEdit

Yavanna
Yavanna, the Giver of Fruits
Yavanna govar
Yavanna, Queen of the Earth
Queen of the Earth Yavanna by vigshane
Yavanna, the Queen of the Earth, by vigshane

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Valinor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Silmarillion, Valaquenta, "Of the Valar"
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter IV: "Of Thingol and Melian"
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter II: "Of Aulë and Yavanna"
  5. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter X: "Of the Sindar"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter V: "Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  7. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter VIII: "Of the Darkening of Valinor"
  8. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XI: "Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor"
  9. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth (The Downfall of Númenor)
  10. Unfinished Tales, Introduction, Part Four, II: "The Istari"
  11. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 5: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"
  12. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E: Writing and Spelling, II: Writing
  13. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, Myths Transformed
  14. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 1: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Appendix: Names in the Lost Tales – Part I
  15. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, XV: "Of Lembas"
  16. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, IV: "The Calendars"
  17. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 5: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Two: "Valinor and Middle-earth before The Lord of the Rings"
  18. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 1: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, IX: "The Hiding of Valinor"
  19. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 4: The Shaping of Middle-earth, III: "The Quenta"

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