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War of the Last Alliance

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The Great Battle of the Last Alliance
Part of the War of the Last Alliance
Lastalliance-men
The Elves and Men meeting with the Armies of Mordor.
Date: SA 3430
Location: Gorgoroth, Mordor
Result: Alliance victory
Casus belli: {{{casus}}}
Territory changes: {{{territory}}}
Combatants
Gondor, Arnor, Lindon, Lothlórien, Rivendell and Mirkwood Moria Mordor
Commanders
Gil-Galad
Elendil
Silvan rulers
Isildur
Anarion
Durin VI
Sauron
Witch King of Angmar

Nazgul

Strength
Hundreds of thousands of Elves and Men (Mainly from Gondor and Arnor). Vast majority of Elves were of Lindon. Dwarves of Durin's Folk also fought, along with many birds and beasts and other creatures of good. Nazgul
Millions of Orcs, Trolls, and evil men (Haradrim, Easterlings, Black Numenoreans and Variags); thousands of other evil creatures (including evil birds and beasts).
Casualties
Heavy; Gil-Galad, Elendil and Anarion are slain. Many Elves, Men and Dwarves killed. Very Heavy, almost complete annihilation. Sauron's physical body is destroyed, Barad-dûr destroyed (except the foundations), and The One Ring is taken by Isildur

The Last Alliance of Elves and Men was formed in 3430 of the Second Age in response to the threat of conquest by the Dark Lord Sauron. This army was the largest force ever assembled in Middle-earth since the Host of Valinor during the War of Wrath. The Last Alliance was the greatest military alliance involving all the Free Peoples of the world united under one banner of good and freedom and the only large-scale war fought until the War of the Ring. After this war, the elves never managed to make a great and mighty show of force in war again. A notable exemption to this was when Lord Elrond and Glorfindel of Imladris, joined their large elven forces (an arrayed force from Lindon, Eregion, and even Lorien Elves) with an as large or larger still army of Gondorian force under heroic Prince Eärnur of Gondor . These forces drove the Witch King back from Fornost Erain and all the way back to the walls of Carn Dum. Some few thousands of elves were involved, but nowhere near as many as their had been during the Second Age.Therefore, the Last Alliance of Elves and Men was not the very last alliance of Elves and Men, yet it was the very last that was in direct conflict with Sauron himself, and the very last in which the Elves could muster so many to fight, with the last great elven king and a majority of the elves having perished or left Middle Earth at the end of the Second Age and beyond.

History Edit

Because Elendil and Gil-galad had taken the initiative, they had the luxury of time to prepare for the Battle of Dagorlad. Both kings spent two years gathering their forces; Elendil and Isildur met Gil-galad at the watchtower of Amon Sûl on Weathertop and together they led their hosts to Rivendell, where they were joined by Elrond and his company of elves. In Rivendell they spent a further three years making plans, forging weapons, and training for the great battle ahead of them.

Climbing over the Misty Mountains they had started recruiting the dwarves of Moria under the command of Durin IV. They journeyed south down the River Anduin, gathering Elves led by Oropher and Amdir, the kings of Greenwood and Lórien, respectively, and eventually were joined by the army of Númenóreans from Gondor led by Isildur's brother Anarion. On their way to Mordor they fought many battles (one took place in the garden of the Ent-wives, when Sauron destroyed it to slow down the Alliance, which is the reason for their disappearance). The host that comprised the Last Alliance of Elves and Men is said to have been the greatest seen in Middle-earth since the War of Wrath. It consisted of hundreds of thousands of Dwarves, Elves and men.

The greatest and most decisive battle took place before Mordor, on the plains of Dagorlad. It was here when the Last Alliance destroyed Saruon's main force. Although this was a victory, many were lost, including both kings Amdir and Oropher due to their annoyance at following the supreme command of Gil-galad, the High King of the Noldor, and thus charging prematurely at the enemy. Many Silvan Elves were also killed alongside Oropher, and so were many Elves and Men. After this battle, the Black Gate was thrown down and the Seige of Baradur began, lasting seven years, during which Anarion, son of Elendil and lord of Minas Anor, was killed by a rock shot from a catapult atop Baradur. The war ended when Sauron himself came forth and fought Gil-galad in combat, who was then joined by Elendil. Although they both fell in battle, they managed to defeat Sauron and bring him down. Isildur then subsequently cut the ring from Sauron's hand, thus dispersing his spirit.  

It should be noted that while it is called the Last Alliance of Elves and Men, Tolkien states that all races came to battle that day, even birds and beasts, and that all were found on either side except for the Elves, who fought solely under the banner of Gil-galad, and the orcs. Dwarves were also found on both sides, with those of Durin's folk, led by Durin IV, fighting on the side of the Alliance.

AftermathEdit

After this defeat of Sauron, several notable things occurred. The battle brought a close to the Second Age and began the Third Age. The High Kingship of the Dunedain passed to Isildur, son of Elendil; however the death of Gil-galad ended the line of High Kings of the Ñoldor and the titles of King of Lindon and High King of the Elves in Middle Earth ceased to be because no one had the authority to claim them. Also, Thranduil and Amroth became the kings of Greenwood and Lothlorien, respectively, after the deaths of their fathers Oropher and Amdir.

Two years after the war ended, Isildur was killed at the Gladden Fields, and the One Ring was lost in the river for two and a half millennia. Sauron later became the Necromancer.

Portrayal in AdaptationsEdit

Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring differs in some ways from the above account, supplying more details and changing some aspects. The elves used falxes (two-handed, curved swords) and Sauron wielded a giant mace (considering that the elven forces consisted of Ñoldor, the Elves should have used straight swords like the Dunedain. In any case, it was the Ñoldor who taught men in the First Age how to craft various weapons, so the Dunedain's weapons should be very similar to the Elven weapons). The original concept for the battle included Sauron and Gil-galad's duel, and Sauron seizing Gil-galad by the throat when the High King fell; the heat of Sauron's hand would cause the elf lord to burst into flames. However, this scene was cut.

The remainder of the scene is in the film. Elendil goes to avenge Gil-galad but a blow from Sauron's mace throws him against some rocks and he is killed. His son Isildur rushes to his side. Sauron approaches and Isildur grabs his father's sword, Narsil. However, Sauron steps on the blade and it breaks into several pieces. Isildur uses the hilt to slice off Sauron's fingers, including his right index finger, which bore the One Ring. As Sauron's life force is bound to the ring, his armor explodes and his body and spirit vanish. The force of the explosion knocks over everyone in the surrounding area.

ReferencesEdit

External linksEdit

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