|War of Wrath|
|Conflict: The War of the Jewels|
|Date: FA 545 - FA 587|
|Place: Began at Anfauglith; ended at Angband|
|Outcome: Decisive but very costly victory for the Host of Valinor and its allies|
|Hosts of Angband/Thangorodrim, Easterlings||The Host of Valinor (Maiar, some Ñoldor and Vanyar), Edain, Great Eagles, presumably Dwarves|
|Morgoth, Sauron, Ancalagon† Lungorthin†?, Thuringwethil†||Eönwë, Finarfin, Ingwion, Eärendil, Thorondor, Edain Commanders, Dwarf Commanders|
|The remainder of the Dark Powers; an unknown millions of Orcs, the remaining Balrogs of Angband, countless thousands of Wolves, Werewolves, Wargs and Warg-Riders, flightless Dragons, Serpents, Wraiths, Vampires and other Evil Demons. Later reinforced by the hosts of winged Dragons.||Uncertain; The greatest host ever assembled by Men and Elves;|
|Nearly total; the entire army was destroyed or fled||Severe: most of the Elves, Edain and Dwarves; numerous others, including Eagles and Maiar.|
|The War of the Great Jewels|
The War of Wrath, or the Great Battle, was the war of Elves, Men, Dwarves and Valar against Morgoth at the end of the First Age, which marked the end of his rule in Middle-earth. It was the largest battle of the first age and possibly the largest battle ever to have taken place in Middle-earth, which decided the fate of the Silmarils. The war was so violent that it literally changed the face of middle-earth beyond recognition. It resulted in the expulsion of Morgoth from Arda and the destruction of most of western Middle-Earth.
By the early sixth century of the First Age, Morgoth's dominion had become completely uncontested in Middle-earth. The power of the Elves, Men, and Dwarves to resist him had been utterly destroyed, and all the great kingdoms of the Elves had been overthrown. Morgoth was now master of nearly all of Beleriand, save for the havens in Arvernien, which he gave little heed to. To make matters worse, and to the great amusement of Morgoth, the Sons of Fëanor, seeking the Silmaril of Beren and Lúthien, had launched two devastatingly brutal Kinslayings in which they had destroyed both Doriath and the Havens of Sirion. In this time of need, the mariner Eärendil, by the guidance of a Silmaril which he wore on his forehead, searched and came to Valinor on behalf of Elves and Men. There, he begged the Valar to pardon and aid the overmatched peoples of Middle-earth.
Despite having pledged to leave the Ñoldor to reap the bitter harvest of their folly in pursuing Morgoth, the Valar were moved by Eärendil's plea. Along with the Vanyar and the remaining Ñoldor in Aman, the host of the Valar came to Middle-earth in the mightiest gathering of arms in the history of Arda. Regarding the Teleri of Alqualondë, they granted the use of their ships to the powers of Aman, but none would aid the Ñoldor in Middle-earth, as they remembered still the Kinslaying of their people long ago and harbored much bitterness over it. The great force of Aman marched across Beleriand, and met the terrible forces of Morgoth in the plains of Anfauglith. Morgoth marshaled the entirety of his forces, which had by this point grown so vast that Anfauglith could not contain their numbers.
The host of the Valar utterly destroyed the Orc armies of Morgoth, as well as most of the Balrogs, with minimal casualties (though in Annals and the Tale of the Years, the passage of the river Sirion are taken by the West only after 40 years of bitter fighting). While the Three Houses of Men fought alongside the Valar, many other Men from the East fought for the forces of Morgoth and were either destroyed or forced to flee back to the far eastern parts of Middle-earth. Facing final defeat, Morgoth, in a last desperate effort, released his ultimate weapon, the winged Dragons, which had never been seen before. Their terrible onslaught was accompanied by lightning storms and tempests of fire, and they drove the Valar back and nearly destroyed the host of the West.
Fortunately, Eärendil came with his sky-ship Vingilot, along with the Eagles of Manwë led by Thorondor. In the skies above Angband, they contested with the dragons, slaying most of them despite suffering many losses. Eärendil himself slew their captain, the mighty Ancalagon the Black, who broke the towers of Thangorodrim in his fall. (A prophecy given in Athrabeth Finrod ah Andreth in Morgoth's Ring gives the slaying of Ancalagon to Túrin instead). It is not stated how exactly Eärendil managed to slay Ancalagon. This is something of a curiosity considering that Ancalagon's size was great enough to break the three mountains of Thangorodrim when he fell upon them, each of which were stated to be 5 miles across and 35,000 feet high.
Morgoth was finally captured in the deepest dungeon of Angband and bound again with his old chain Angainor; by the Vala Aulë and the two Silmarils still in his possession were taken by the Maia Eönwë, the herald of Manwë, and Morgoth's crown was beaten into a collar for him. He was taken to Aman and tried for his crimes. In the end, the Valar unhoused Morgoth by beheading him and "thrust him through the Door of Night", beyond the Walls of the World, into the Timeless Void, the doors of which are forever guarded by Ëarendil.
The wreckage of the war was immense; most of the land west of the Blue Mountains was destroyed and sank beneath the waves. While victory had been achieved, the casualties the Host of Valinor had suffered were catastrophic. Most of the Edain, Elves and Dwarves had been slain by Morgoth's Dragons, along with many Maiar and Eagles, also slain by the dragons. Additionally, while the hosts of Morgoth were utterly defeated, the creatures that composed them were not eradicated, and many (particularly Orcs) remained to trouble the world under the power of Sauron while creatures like Balrogs fled and hid deep in the Earth. Durins Bane stands as an Example. The remaining elves were bidden by Ëonwë to return with him to the lands of Aman. Most of the Elves went into the West, while others still refused the summons and rather journeyed eastward where they would become lords of the remaining Eldar or those elves who still dwelt in the east. Gil-galad, Galadriel, Celeborn, and Elrond were chief among these. Additionally, the victory was made even more bitter by the loss of the Silmarils. Maedhros and Maglor, the two surviving sons of Fëanor, were compelled by their oath to recover the gems. Though sick at heart at the burden of the terrible oath, they conspired to sneak into the camp of the victorious Host of the Valar, where they slew the guard around the Silmarils and took them. The camp was roused against them, and though they were prepared to fight to the death to keep the gems, they were permitted to go. But they soon discovered that, due to the wicked deeds they had performed in recovering the jewels, first among them the three Kinslayings, they could not hold the Silmarils without suffering terrible pain. And so Maedhros cast himself and the Silmaril he bore into a fiery pit, and Malgor threw his into the Sea. And so both were lost to the Host of the Valar, and they returned to Aman empty handed.
For those men of the Edain who fought for the host of the Valar, the land of Númenor (in the full Quenya form Nùmenórë) was given to them. This land was neither of Aman nor of Middle-earth, but was closer to Aman than Middle-earth.
Translations around the World
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Afrikaans||Oorlog van Toorn|
|Albanian||Lufta e zemërimit|
|Armenian||Ւար ոֆ Ւրատհ|
|Bulgarian||войната на гнева|
|Catalan||Guerra de la Còlera|
|Cebuano||Gubat sa Kasuko|
|Chichewa||Nkhondo ya Mkwiyo|
|Chinese (Hong Kong)||憤怒之戰|
|Cornish||Bell a Sorr ?|
|Corsican||Guerra di Fureur|
|Dari||جنگ از خشم|
|Dutch||Oorlog van Gramschap|
|Esperanto||Milito de Kolero|
|Filipino||Digmaan ng Poot|
|French||Guerre de la Grande Colère|
|Galician||Guerra da ira|
|Georgian||ომის რისხვა ?|
|German||Krieg des Zorns|
|Greek||πόλεμος της οργής|
|Haiti Creole||Lagè nan kòlè|
|Hebrew||מלחמה של זעם|
|Hindi||क्रोध का युद्ध|
|Igbo||Agha nke Ọnụma|
|Indonesian||Murka perang ?|
|Irish Gaelic||Cogadh de Wrath|
|Kazakh||Уар оф Уратһ|
|Kurdish||جەنگى تووڕەيى (Arabic script) Şer Xezeba (Latinised)|
|Macedonian||војна на гневот|
|Manx||Chaggey ny Ymmoose|
|Nepali||क्रोध को युद्ध|
|Pashto||جګړې د بړوس|
|Persian||جنگ از سر خشم|
|Portuguese||Guerra da Ira|
|Punjabi||ਗੁੱਸੇ ਦੀ ਜੰਗ|
|Romanian||Rrăzboi de Mânie|
|Scottish Gaelic||Cogadh de Corraich ?|
|Serbian||Рат Вратх (Cyrillic) Rat Grath (Latinised)|
|Sindhi||ڏمر جي جنگ|
|Somali||Dagaalkii oo Cadaabka|
|Spanish||Guerra de la Cólera|
|Swahili||Vita ya Ghadhabu|
|Uzbek||Wар оф Wратҳ (Cyrillic) Azobidan Urushi (Latinised)|
|Urdu||غضب کی جنگ|
|Vietnamese||Chiến tranh của cơn thịnh nộ|
|Welsh||Rhyfel o Ddigofaint|
|Yiddish||מלחמה פון צארן|
|Yucatec Maya||K'atun le ira|
- ↑ The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIV: "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
- ↑ The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "The Battles of Beleriand"