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Turgon

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King Turgon by Filat
Turgon the Wise watching sunrise from the walls of Gondolin, by Filat

Turgon

Biographical information

Other names
Turukáno, the Wise
Titles
Lord of Nevrast, King of Gondolin, Lord of the House of the King, High King of the Ñoldor
Date of birth
Year ascended to the throne
King of Gondolin (FA 104 - FA 510), High King of the Ñoldor (FA 473 - FA 510)
Date of death
Realms ruled
Nevrast (formerly), Gondolin
Spouse
Weapon

Physical description

Race
Gender
Male
Height
Hair color
Dark
Eye color
Actor
Voice
Character

Turgon was a Ñoldorin Elf of Gondolin, second son of Fingolfin, brother of Fingon, Aredhel, Argon, and father of Idril. In Middle-earth, Turgon was the King of Gondolin and the High King of the Ñoldor. For hundreds of years of the First Age, Turgon remained hidden from the eyes and ears of the great enemy until a betrayal from within caused his downfall.

BiographyEdit

Turukano and Elenwe by Filat

Turgon with his wife Elenwë before her death, by Filat.

In Eldamar Turgon was friendly with the sons of Finarfin and opposed Fëanor's plan to pursue Morgoth after the theft of the Silmarils, but at last he chose to follow them to Middle-earth and became one of the exiles. His wife Elenwë was lost crossing Helcaraxë,[2] but Turgon and his daughter Idril came to Nevrast, where he built Vinyamar and gathered to him one-third of the Ñoldor of Fingolfin and a large number of Sindar.[3]

In the year 50 of the First Age, Turgon was instructed by Ulmo to prepare a secret kingdom and was shown the hidden valley of Tumladen in the Encircling Mountains. After 52 years of secret labor, Turgon led his people into Gondolin, where he ruled for over 500 years, largely ignoring the events of the Wars of Beleriand.[4][5]

About two hundred years after Gondolin was wrought, Turgon's sister Aredhel journeyed to meet with the Sons of Fëanor. She was lost, however, and returned with her son Maeglin a few years later. After the deaths of both Eöl and Aredhel, Turgon took Maeglin under his wing and made him the Lord of the House of the Mole. Maeglin secretly loved Turgon's daughter Idril, who rejected his advances.[6]

Aside from the misadventure of Eöl, the splendor of Turgon's reign in Gondolin was undisturbed until Dagor Bragollach, when Turgon was brought his father's body by Thorondor. Two years later Thorondor brought him Húrin and Huor, whom he fostered for a year and then allowed to return to Dor-lómin. At this time, Turgon foresaw the doom of the Ñoldor, and he secretly sent mariners to try to obtain the mercy of the Valar.[7] None of these missions was successful and only one of the mariners, Voronwë, survived the Shadowy Seas paving the way for Tuor's coming to Gondolin.[8]

For some reason Turgon joined the Union of Maedhros with a ten thousand strong army and fought alongside his brother Fingon in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, but the sacrifice of Húrin, Huor, and the Third House of the Edain enabled him to retreat without revealing the location of Gondolin.[9] When Tuor came to Gondolin in FA 496, Turgon welcomed him, but in his pride, he refused to follow the advice of Ulmo to flee to the Havens of Sirion. Now the full malice of Morgoth was directed toward Turgon, last of the House of Finwë to control a realm in Middle-earth. At last, aided by the treachery of Maeglin, Morgoth discovered the location of Gondolin, and Turgon was slain defending the city.[10]

EtymologyEdit

The first element tur of the name Turgon is a Sindarin word for "power, mastery".[11] His father name is Turukáno from túrë ("might, power") and káno ("commander").[12]

CharacterEdit

As King of Gondolin, Turgon was described to be robed in "in white with a belt of gold, and a coronet of garnets was upon his head".[13]

He was very feared by Morgoth and it is said that in Valinor that Morgoth knew that from the house of Turgon ruin would come to him.

House of FingolfinEdit

House of Fingolfin

   
   
   
   
Finwë
   
   
Indis
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Findis
   
   
Fingolfin
   
   
Anairë
   
   
Irimë
   
   
Finarfin
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fingon
   
   
Turgon
   
   
Elenwë
   
   
Aredhel
   
   
Eöl
   
   
Argon
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Idril
   
   
Tuor
   
   
Maeglin
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eärendil
   
   
Elwing
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elrond
   
   
Elros


GalleryEdit

Helcaraxe by Filat
Turgon mourns the loss of his wife in the Helcaraxë, by Filat
Turgon, Idril and Maeglin
Turgon with Idril and Maeglin.
Preceded by:
None
King of Gondolin
FA 104 - FA 510
Followed by:
None, Kingdom destroyed and title abandoned
Preceded by:
Fingon
High King of the Ñoldor
FA 473 - FA 510
Followed by:
Gil-Galad

ReferencesEdit

  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter IX: "Of the Flight of the Noldor
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIV: "Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIII: "Of the Return of the Noldor"
  5. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XV: "Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XVI: "Of Maeglin"
  7. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XVIII: "Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
  8. Unfinished Tales, Introduction, Part One, I: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"
  9. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XX: "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  10. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIII: "Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
  11. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  12. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, XI: "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  13. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 2: The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, III: "The Fall of Gondolin"

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