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The Book of Lost Tales

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Bookoflosttales

The Book of Lost Tales is the title of the first two volumes of Christopher Tolkien's 12-volume series The History of Middle-earth in which he analyses the unpublished manuscripts of his father J. R. R. Tolkien. The Book of Lost Tales Part Two is its sequel and other half.

The Book of Lost Tales contains the first versions of the stories which would later become The Silmarillion, and is notable because, while very primitive in style and content, it is very close to the later work in many ways. Each of the Tales is followed by notes and a detailed commentary by Christopher Tolkien.

While many of the names in the book are identical or close to those in the later versions, some of them bear almost no resemblance to their final forms. J. R. R. Tolkien changed names rather frequently, sometimes with several new variants (rejected in turn) written in a single manuscript. Confusingly, sometimes the name applied to one thing is later used to refer to a different thing, the original use abandoned. As an example, the house of Elves called "Teleri" in The Book of Lost Tales is not the same as that in The Silmarillion (see Teleri). The original usage of "Teleri" would eventually change until the name became "Vanyar". Meanwhile, the house of Elves called "Solosimpi" would inherit the name "Teleri".

The framework for the book is that a mortal Man visits the Isle of Tol Eressëa where the Elves live. In the earlier versions of the "Lost Tales" this man is named Eriol, of some vague north European origin, but in later versions he becomes Ælfwine, an Englishman of the Middle-ages.

There are more changes visible within the book, and it is not internally consistent, partially because even while still writing it Tolkien began rewriting earlier parts as his ideas about the world changed. The Tales were eventually abandoned, but they were resurrected in part as the "Sketch of the Mythology" which would become the Silmarillion.

For publication the book was split into two volumes: The Book of Lost Tales 1 and The Book of Lost Tales 2, but this is simply an editorial division. Both volumes are separated into several "Lost Tales".

ContentsEdit

  1. "The Cottage of Lost Play" — the "framework" story
  2. "The Music of the Ainur" — the first version of what would become the Ainulindalë
  3. "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor" — later Valaquenta and first chapters of Quenta Silmarillion
  4. "The Chaining of Melko" — Melko is an earlier name of Melkor
  5. "The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr" — Kôr is the later city of Tirion and its hill Túna
  6. "The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor"
  7. "The Flight of the Noldoli" — "Noldoli" or "Gnomes" are the Elves later called Ñoldor
  8. "The Tale of the Sun and Moon"
  9. "The Hiding of Valinor"
  10. "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind" (which contains the first and only reference to the enigmatic "wizard" fay, Tu)

Comparison with the SilmarillionEdit

The following is a direct comparison between the contents of the early Book of Lost Tales and the later sketches that became The Silmarillion.

Although one of the Lost Tales often corresponds to more tales from The Silmarillion, still the narrative in the Lost Tales is more extended (typically, 50% pages more).

In J. R. R. Tolkien's notebooks, the 4th and 5th tales were a single one told by Meril-i-Turinqi, but Christopher Tolkien decided to separate them because of their length. Same applies to the 6th and 7th tales, told by Lindo.

The Book of Lost Tales Storyteller The Silmarillion
Book I
1. The Cottage of Lost Play Vairë -
2. The Music of the Ainur Rúmil Ainulindalë
3. The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor Rúmil Valaquenta
1. Of the Beginning of Days
- 2. Of Aulë and Yavanna
4. The Chaining of Melko
5. The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr
Meril-i-Turinqi 3. Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor
4. Of Thingol and Melian
5. Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië
6. The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor
7. The Flight of the Noldoli
Lindo 6. Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor
7. Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor
8. Of the Darkening of Valinor
9. Of the Flight of the Noldor
8. The Tale of the Sun and Moon
9. The Hiding of Valinor
Lindo
Vairë
11. Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor
10. Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind
unwritten; 2 fragments and 2 outlines only
Gilfanon 10. Of the Sindar
12. Of Men
13. Of the Return of the Noldor
14. Of Beleriand and its Realms
15. Of the Noldor in Beleriand
16. Of Maeglin
17. Of the Coming of Men into the West
18. Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin
Book II
1. The Tale of Tinúviel Vëannë 19. Of Beren and Lúthien
- 20. Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad
2. Turambar and the Foalókë Eltas 21. Of Túrin Turambar
3. The Fall of Gondolin Ilfinion 23. Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin
4. The Nauglafring Ailios 22. Of the Ruin of Doriath
5. The Tale of Eärendel
unwritten; 3 outlines and 4 poems only
- 24. Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath
6a. The End of the Tales
unwritten; 1 outline, 4 notes, epilogue only
6b. The History of Eriol or Ælfwine
unwritten; 2 outlines (based on 19 notes), 2 poems, 1 fragment only
- -


The History of Middle-earth Series (1983 - 2002)

The Book of Lost Tales | The Book of Lost Tales 2 | The Lays of Beleriand | The Shaping of Middle-earth | The Lost Road and Other Writings | The Return of the Shadow | The Treason of Isengard | The War of the Ring | Sauron Defeated | Morgoth's Ring | The War of the Jewels | The Peoples of Middle-earth | The History of Middle-earth: Index


Translations around the WorldEdit

Translated name
Afrikaans Die boek van sprokies verlore ?
Albanian Libri i Përrallave të humbura
Amharic የጠፉ ተረቶች መጽሐፍ ?
Arabic كتاب حكايات المفقودة
Armenian Գրքի Կորցրած Հեքիաթներ
Azerbaijani itirilmiş nağıl kitabı
Belarusian Cyrillic Кніга страчаных казак
Basque Galdu ipuin liburua
Bengali লস্ট টেলস অফ বুক
Bosnian Knjiga od Izgubljeni Priče
Bulgarian Cyrillic Книгата на изгубени приказки
Burmese ပျောက်ဆုံးပုံပြင်များ၏စာအုပ်
Catalan El llibre dels contes perduts
Cebuano Ang Basahon ni Nawala sugilanon
Chichewa Bukhu la nkhani anataya
Chinese 失去的故事书
Croatian Knjiga Izgubljenih Priča
Czech Kniha Ztracených Příběhů
Esperanto La Libro de Perdita Rakontoj
Estonian Raamat kadunud jutud
Fijian Na iVola i buli yali
Filipino Ang Aklat ng nawalang kuwento
Finnish Kirja menetetyn satuja
French Le Livre des Contes Perdus
Frisian It Boek fan Ferlern Ferhalen
Danish Bogen af Tabt Fortællinger
Dutch Het Boek van de Verloren Verhalen
Galician O Libro de Contos Perdidos
Georgian წიგნი დაკარგა ზღაპრების
German Das Buch der Verschollenen Geschichten
Greek Το Βιβλίο των Χαμένων Ιστορίες
Gujarati લોસ્ટ ટેલ્સ ઓફ બુક
Hausa Littafin rasa tãtsũniyõyin
Hawaiian Ka Buke o Ka Wa Kahiko kaʻao
Hebrew הספר סיפורי אבודים
Hindi खो कहानियों की किताब
Hungarian Az elveszett mesék könyve
Icelandic Bókin glataðra sagna
Indonesian Kitab Cerita Hilang
Irish Gaelic An Leabhar Scéalta Caillte
Italian Racconti Ritrovati
Japanese 失われた物語の本
Javanese Kitab crita ilang
Kannada ಕಳೆದುಕೊಂಡ ಕಥೆಗಳ ಪುಸ್ತಕ
Kazakh Cyrillic жоғалған ертегілерінің кітабы
Korean 잃어버린 이야기의 책
Kurdish خیتێبا چیرۆکان ا جی ده‌ست دا (Arabic script) Kitêba çîrokan a ji dest da (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic жоголгон жомоктору китеби
Latin Liber de Perierat Fabulas
Latvian Grāmata Zaudēto Pasakas
Lithuanian Prarastų pasakų knyga
Malagasy Ny Bokin 'Very angano
Malay Kitab hilang cerita
Maltese Il-Ktieb ta 'tales mitlufa
Marathi गमावले गोष्टी समजून घेतल्या पुस्तक
Mongolian Cyrillic алдсан үлгэр Ном
Nepalese हराएको कहानिहरु पुस्तकका
Norwegian Boken Tapte Historier
Persian کتاب داستان های از دست رفته
Polish Księga Zaginionych Opowieści
Portuguese O Livro dos Contos Perdidos
Punjabi ਗੁੰਮੇ ਕਿੱਸੇ ਦੀ ਕਿਤਾਬ ਦੇ
Romanian Cartea de povești pierdute
Russian Книга Утраченных Сказаний
Samoan O le Tusi o Tala fatu leiloa
Scottish Gaelic Tha an leabhar de sgeulachdan chall
Serbian Књига Лост Талес (Cyrillic) U Knjizi od Izgubio Priče (Latin)
Sindhi گم ٿي قصا جي ڪتاب
Sinhalese ලොස්ට් කතාන්දර පොත
Slovak Kniha Stratených Príbehov
Slovenian Knjiga izgubljenih zgodb
Somalian Buuga warkii laga badiyay
Spanish El Libro de los Cuentos Perdidos
Sudanese Kitab dongeng leungit ?
Swahili Kitabu cha Hadithi Waliopotea
Swedish De förlorade sagornas bok
Tajik Cyrillic китоби афсонаҳои даст ?
Tamil லாஸ்ட் கதைகள் புத்தக
Telugu బుక్ లాస్ట్ టేల్స్
Thai หนังสือนิทานที่หายไป
Turkish kayıp masalları Kitabı
Ukrainian Cyrillic Книга втрачених казок
Urdu کھو کہانیوں کی کتاب
Uzbek йўқолган афсонасидан китоби (Cyrillic) yo'qolgan afsonasidan kitobi (Latin)
Vietnamese Cuốn Sách của Những câu chuyện Bị mất
Welsh Llyfr o straeon a gollwyd
Yiddish דער בוך פון לאָסט טאַלעס

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