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Bookoflosttales

The Book of Lost Tales is the title of the first two volumes of Christopher Tolkien's 12-volume series The History of Middle-earth in which he analyses the unpublished manuscripts of his father J. R. R. Tolkien.

The Book of Lost Tales contains the first versions of the stories which would later become The Silmarillion, and is notable because, while very primitive in style and content, it is very close to the later work in many ways. Each of the Tales is followed by notes and a detailed commentary by Christopher Tolkien.

While many of the names in the book are identical or close to those in the later versions, some of them bear almost no resemblance to their final forms. J. R. R. Tolkien changed names rather frequently, sometimes with several new variants (rejected in turn) written in a single manuscript. Confusingly, sometimes the name applied to one thing is later used to refer to a different thing, the original use abandoned. As an example, the house of Elves called "Teleri" in The Book of Lost Tales is not the same as that in The Silmarillion (see Teleri). The original usage of "Teleri" would eventually change until the name became "Vanyar". Meanwhile, the house of Elves called "Solosimpi" would inherit the name "Teleri".

The framework for the book is that a mortal Man visits the Isle of Tol Eressëa where the Elves live. In the earlier versions of the "Lost Tales" this man is named Eriol, of some vague north European origin, but in later versions he becomes Ælfwine, an Englishman of the Middle-ages.

There are more changes visible within the book, and it is not internally consistent, partially because even while still writing it Tolkien began rewriting earlier parts as his ideas about the world changed. The Tales were eventually abandoned, but they were resurrected in part as the "Sketch of the Mythology" which would become the Silmarillion.

For publication the book was split into two volumes: The Book of Lost Tales 1 and The Book of Lost Tales 2, but this is simply an editorial division. Both volumes are separated into several "Lost Tales".

Contents of Book 1:

  1. "The Cottage of Lost Play" — the "framework" story
  2. "The Music of the Ainur" — the first version of what would become the Ainulindalë
  3. "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor" — later Valaquenta and first chapters of Quenta Silmarillion
  4. "The Chaining of Melko" — Melko is an earlier name of Melkor
  5. "The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr" — Kôr is the later Tirion and its hill Túna
  6. "The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor"
  7. "The Flight of the Noldoli" — "Noldoli" or "Gnomes" are the Elves later called Ñoldor
  8. "The Tale of the Sun and Moon"
  9. "The Hiding of Valinor"
  10. "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind" (which contains the first and only reference to the enigmatic "wizard" fay, Tu)

Contents of Book 2:

  1. "The Tale of Tinúviel" — first version of the tale of Beren and Lúthien
  2. "Turambar and the Foalókë" — first version of the Túrin saga
  3. "The Fall of Gondolin" — the only full narrative of the Fall of Gondolin
  4. "The Nauglafring" — a story which was "lost", in that it never was rewritten in full, and was mostly left out of the later Silmarillion.
  5. "The Tale of Eärendel" — the only full narrative of Eärendil's travels, but which exists only as notes
  6. "The History of Eriol or Ælfwine and the End of the Tales" — an essay about the changes in the framework, and the "unwritten" tales.


Comparison with the Silmarillion Edit

The following is a direct comparison between the contents of the early Book of Lost Tales and the later sketches that became The Silmarillion.

Although one of the Lost Tales often corresponds to more tales from The Silmarillion, still the narrative in the Lost Tales is more extended (typically, 50% pages more).

In J. R. R. Tolkien's notebooks, the 4th and 5th tales were a single one told by Meril-i-Turinqi, but Christopher Tolkien decided to separate them because of their length. Same applies to the 6th and 7th tales, told by Lindo.

The Book of Lost Tales Storyteller The Silmarillion
Book I
1. The Cottage of Lost Play Vairë -
2. The Music of the Ainur Rúmil Ainulindalë
3. The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor Rúmil Valaquenta
1. Of the Beginning of Days
- 2. Of Aulë and Yavanna
4. The Chaining of Melko
5. The Coming of the Elves and the Making of Kôr
Meril-i-Turinqi 3. Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor
4. Of Thingol and Melian
5. Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië
6. The Theft of Melko and the Darkening of Valinor
7. The Flight of the Noldoli
Lindo 6. Of Fëanor and the Unchaining of Melkor
7. Of the Silmarils and the Unrest of the Noldor
8. Of the Darkening of Valinor
9. Of the Flight of the Noldor
8. The Tale of the Sun and Moon
9. The Hiding of Valinor
Lindo
Vairë
11. Of the Sun and Moon and the Hiding of Valinor
10. Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind
unwritten; 2 fragments and 2 outlines only
Gilfanon 10. Of the Sindar
12. Of Men
13. Of the Return of the Noldor
14. Of Beleriand and its Realms
15. Of the Noldor in Beleriand
16. Of Maeglin
17. Of the Coming of Men into the West
18. Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin
Book II
1. The Tale of Tinúviel Vëannë 19. Of Beren and Lúthien
- 20. Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad
2. Turambar and the Foalókë Eltas 21. Of Túrin Turambar
3. The Fall of Gondolin Ilfinion 23. Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin
4. The Nauglafring Ailios 22. Of the Ruin of Doriath
5. The Tale of Eärendel
unwritten; 3 outlines and 4 poems only
- 24. Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath
6a. The End of the Tales
unwritten; 1 outline, 4 notes, epilogue only
6b. The History of Eriol or Ælfwine
unwritten; 2 outlines (based on 19 notes), 2 poems, 1 fragment only
- -



The History of Middle-earth Series (1983 - 2002)

The Book of Lost Tales | The Book of Lost Tales 2 | The Lays of Beleriand | The Shaping of Middle-earth | The Lost Road and Other Writings | The Return of the Shadow | The Treason of Isengard | The War of the Ring | Sauron Defeated | Morgoth's Ring | The War of the Jewels | The Peoples of Middle-earth | The History of Middle-earth: Index


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