Thangorodrim was a group of three volcanic mountains in the Iron Mountains (Ered Engrin) in the north of Middle-earth during the First Age. It was highest peaks of Middle-earth, they were raised by Morgoth, who delved his fortress of Angband beneath them, and far back into the Iron Mountains.
Thangorodrim was said to have been formed over the ages by the piles of slag from Morgoth's furnaces and rubble from the delving of Angband for ore to feed the great smithies of Morgoth's armies, but at the same time they were solid enough to form mountain high precipices. After the death of his father, Maedhros was taken prisoner and nailed to a cliff of Thangorodrim., and Húrin was imprisoned on a high terrace. The tops of Thangorodrim perpetually smoked, and sometimes spewed forth lava when Morgoth was on the warpath.
At the base of the south face of the middle peak was the Great Gate of Angband, a deep canyon leading into the mountain, lined with towers and forts. There were also a number of secret gates scattered around the sides of the mountain group, from which Morgoth's hosts could issue forth and surprise their foes.
Size and HeightEdit
The exact size and height of Thangorodrim are unclear. One drawing by Tolkien illustrated in Karen Wynn Fonstad's The Atlas of Middle-earth, if drawn to scale, would have made it 35,000 ft high, and the statement that it lay 150 leagues (450 Númenórean miles) north of Menegroth puts it too far away for some of the action in The Silmarillion to make sense; a distance of 150-200 miles would have been more consistent. It is possible that with the higher figure Tolkien was not referring to 'as the eagle flies', but rather 'as the wolf runs': the plateau of Dorthonion forced a long detour, which added the extra 200, 250 miles to the distance.
- ↑ The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion, "Of the Return of the Noldor"
- ↑ The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion, "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
- ↑ The Children of Húrin: The Battle of Unnumbered Tears
- ↑ The Children of Húrin: The Words of Húrin and Morgoth
- ↑ The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion, "Of the Beginning of Days"
- ↑ Unfinished Tales: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"
- ↑ The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion, "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
- ↑ The Atlas of Middle-earth pgs. 22-3
- ↑ The Complete Guide to Middle-earth