In their earliest recorded history the Stoors, like the other Hobbits, lived in the Vales of Anduin. They were a riverside people that dwelt in the Gladden Fields, and were fishermen
The Stoors are one of the three races of Hobbits, they mostly inhabited swamp lands.
They were heavier and broader in build than the other Hobbits, and had large hands and feet. Among the Hobbits, the Stoors most resembled Men and were most friendly to them. Stoors were the only Hobbits who normally grew facial hair.
A habit which set them apart from the Harfoots who lived in the mountain foothills, and the Fallohides who lived in forests far to the north, was that Stoors preferred flat lands and riversides. Only Stoors used boats, fished, and could swim. They also wore boots in muddy weather.
Stoorish characteristics and appearance remained among the Hobbits of the Eastfarthing, Buckland (such as the Brandybucks) and the Bree-hobbits
The Stoors also had their own dialect of Hobbitish, owing to the fact that they spent some time in Dunland and adopted many strange words and names which they took to the Shire, and retained even until the late Third Age.
The Stoors are believed to live in the southern vales of Anduin. During the Hobbit Wandering Days, after the Harfoots had migrated westward in Third Age 1050, and the Fallohides followed them about a century later, the Stoors long remained back in the vale of Anduin, but between T.A. 1150 and 1300 they, too migrated west.
Unlike the other Hobbit-kinds they took the Redhorn Pass and followed a southern root, where many Stoors branched off and moved south to the Angle of Eriador south of Rivendell and mingled with the Harfoots and Fallohides that lived there; but most went to Dunland (Swanfleet near Tharbad) which most resembled their old lands. There they came into contact with the Dunlendings. This contact altered their speech slightly, mostly by picking up a few Dunlending words.
A hundred years later Angmar began to threaten Eriador and many Stoors of the Angle fled south to their kin in Dunland where they became a woodland people; others returned to Rhovanion and settled the Gladden Fields, becoming riverland people Déagol and Sméagol belonged to (c. T.A. 2430). There they had a matriarchal society. What became of those Stoors and whether they rejoined their folk in Eriador, no history tells.
The Stoors of Dunland moved back north to join the other Hobbits in colonizing the Shire about T.A. 1630 and settled mostly in the Eastfarthing and Southfarthing. The result was that places that were settled by Stoors have some slight linguistic oddities due to their time of separation and contact with the Dunlendings. The three original Hobbit-kinds merged and blended in the centuries since the settlement of the Shire, but regional variations remained.Some of these villages might have survived until the War of the Ring, when they were sought out by the Ringwraiths.
However, most Stoors fled to the north and west, ending up in the newly founded Shire around 1630. There they mingled with the Harfoots and Fallohides, becoming the Shire-folk however they predominantly stayed in Eastfarthing and then migrated to Buckland.
Stoor is supposed to be a special Hobbitish word that did not exist in Westron during the War of the Ring.
Early English stor, stoor means "large, strong", referring to the fact that these Hobbits were of heavier build
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, "Prologue", "Concerning Hobbits
- J.R.R. Tolkien, The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Third Age