Silvan Elves (also known as Woodland Elves ) are a subgroup of the Nandor, and are thus ultimately of Telerin origin. As Úmanyar, they, like the Sindar, began the Great Journey but did not complete it. In the Third Age, most remaining Silvan Elves lived either in Lothlórien or the Woodland Realm.
The Silvan Elves were of Nandorin background, descended from the followers of Lenwë, who were fascinated by the landscape East of the Misty Mountains and afraid to attempt to cross them. They thus abandoned the Great Journey, choosing instead to remain in those wide forests, where they became a scattered people.
Little is known of the wanderings of the Nandor, save that they spread throughout the Vales of Anduin over a period of many centuries, some following the Great River southward, eventually settling at the Mouths of Anduin or instead turning north again into Eriador, where eventually Denethor gathered as many as he could and crossed the Blue Mountains into Beleriand. These were later known as the Green-Elves of Ossiriand, and were welcomed by Thingol as long lost kin.
Some of the Nandor however stayed in the forested Vales, and these would become the Silvan Elves - hidden away in their woodland fastnesses and were to their estranged kin hardly distinguishable from the Avari, and indeed sometimes living in friendship with them. Their language had diverged to such an extent that it was barely intelligible to the Sindar and Noldor when these met the Silvan Elves again in the Second Age, though the languages were found to be obviously related. It was not until this renewed contact between the kindreds and the guidance of the Sindar and Noldor that the Silvan Elves again became an organised people and increased in wisdom. This however also led to the Silvan tongue being largely forgotten, Sindarin instead becoming the primary spoken language by the end of the Third Age, with the Silvan dialects only surviving in several names of places and persons. 
The renewed contact was caused by the destruction of Beleriand after the War of Wrath, for when the Second Age was young, the Silvan Elves welcomed those survivors of the calamity who rather than crossing the Sea rejoined their kindred east of the Misty Mountains. Indeed soon many of the Silvan Elves came to be ruled by these Sindar refugees, primarily in Lothlórien and the Woodland Realm.
The Woodland RealmEdit
The primarily Silvan Elves of Mirkwood were known to be distrustful of Dwarves but friendly to Men, with whom they traded. Mirkwood had been called Greenwood the Great until around the year TA 1050, when the shadow of the Dark Lord Sauron fell upon it, and men began to call it Mirkwood. During his journey to the Lonely Mountain, Bilbo Baggins had to rescue the Dwarves of Thorin II Oakenshield's company from these Elves. These Elves sent hosts to both the War of the Last Alliance and the Battle of the Five Armies.
Legolas of the Fellowship of the Ring, although he lived among them was not truly one of the Silvan folk. As a son of the Elven-king Thranduil, whose father Oropher had originally come from Doriath, Legolas was likely actually at least half of Sindarin heritage on his father's side (his mother's identity being unknown).
It is important to note that while by the end of the Third Age, Sindarin had become the primary language of the Woodland Realm, Silvan being almost completely forgotten, that in the early years of the Sindarin rule over the Silvan Elves here, the Sindar for a time "deliberately" adopted the language and customs of the Silvan Elves, as "they wished to return to the simple life natural to the elves before the invitation of the Valar had disturbed it". 
The Silvan Elves of Lórien were the larger part of the Galadhrim or the Tree-people, who were a mixture of elves of Nandor, Noldor, and Sindar descent. Most of the Sindar that came to Lórien were refugees from Beleriand, arriving early in the Second Age, and the Sinda Amdír became the King of Lórien. After Amdír was killed in the Battle of Dagorlad, his son Amroth became King.
After the destruction of Eregion, they were joined by many Sindarin speaking Noldor, led by Galadriel and Celeborn, who fled to Lórien through Moria. Galadriel was of Noldor descent, being the daughter of Finarfin, while Celeborn was of Sindarin descent of the Kingdom of Doriath. When Amroth was lost in the Third Age, Galadriel and Celeborn became known as the Lady and Lord of Lórien, but neither of them took the vacant Kingship.
At the time of the War of the Ring they spoke an accent or dialect of Sindarin which had changed so much that Frodo Baggins, who spoke some Sindarin, could not understand them. Additionally, few elves of Lórien could speak Westron, so that Haldir, one of the few that could, had to accompany them on their way to Caras Galadhon.
Portrayal in AdaptationsEdit
In the film adaptions of The Hobbit, Beorn describes the Woodland Elves as being less wise and more dangerous than their kin. Most of the Silvan Elves are shown to have red hair, and some have brown. The Silvan Elves are shown to be highly skilled in combat, and very agile. A notable member, who is created for the films, is the Elf captain Tauriel. In Mirkwood the Silvan Elves are treated as a lower class by Thranduil, as he and Legolas are Sindarin Elves, marked out by their white blond hair.
The Silvan Elves are shown to be great in number when Thranduil unveils his entire army in the Battle of the Five Armies. Their number is estimated to be at least 8,000 strong in the film. Thranduil's army consists of spearmen, archers, and swordsmen. When they battled the Dwarves, the Elven archers wielding longbows fired at the Dwarves, but the arrow volley was destroyed by spinning ballistas. As the Dwarf goat-cavalry was about to charge the Elves, the archers from the front retreated back and the Elven spearmen wielding long spears, and quickly formed a shield wall. The Dwarf cavalry then jumped to the shield wall but the Elves formed a unique formation, with spearmen from the sides and the archers firing at them.
Translations around the WorldEdit
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Chinese (Hong Kong)||西爾凡精靈|
- ↑ The Silmarillion, Index
- ↑ The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter X: "Of the Sindar"
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn, and of Amroth King of Lórien", Appendices: Appendix A, The Silvan Elves and their Speech
- ↑ The Silmarillion, Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 5.2 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn, and of Amroth King of Lórien"
- ↑ The Hobbit, Chapter XV: "The Gathering of the Clouds"
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn, and of Amroth King of Lórien", Appendices: Appendix B, The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter VI: "Lothlorien"