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The Shire Calendar was the calendar of the Hobbits of the Shire and is very close to the King's Reckoning.

Every month had 30 days, with five extra days which were their holiday. It was different from that used by the Men, Dwarves and Elves. The use of this calendar in Middle-earth is referred to as Shire-reckoning. Year 1 of the Shire Calendar corresponded when the Shire was founded by the Bree Hobbits Marcho and Blanco in the year 1601 of the Third Age. Therefore, years of the Third Age can be converted to Shire-years by subtracting 1600. The last year of the Third Age was year 1421 on the Shire calendar.

Months of the year and special daysEdit

The Shire calendar's year was divided into 12 months of 30 days. Five additional days were added to create a 365-day year. The months followed the lunar cycle.

Month numberNameApproximate relationship to Gregorian calendar
 2 Yule22nd of December
1Afteryule23rd of December to the 21st of January
2Solmath22nd of January to the 20th of February
3Rethe21st of February to the 22nd of March
4Astron23rd of March to 21st of April
5Thrimidge22nd of April to the 21st of May
6Forelithe22nd of May to the 20th of June
 1 Lithe21st of June
 Mid-year's Day22nd of June
 OverlitheLeap day
 2 Lithe23rd of June
7Afterlithe24th of June to the 23rd of July
8Wedmath24th of July to the 22nd of August
9Halimath23rd of August to the 21st of September
10Winterfilth22nd of September to 21st of October
11Blotmath22nd of October to the 20th of November
12Foreyule21st of November to the 20th of December
 1 Yule21st of December

The Yuledays were the days that mark the end of an old year and the beginning of a new one, so 2 Yule was the first day of the year. The Lithedays are the three days in the middle of the year, 1 Lithe, Mid-year's Day, and 2 Lithe. In leap years (every fourth year except centennial years) a day was added after Mid-year's Day called Overlithe. All these days were placed outside of any month. These days were primarily holidays and feast days. Mid-year's Day is meant to correspond to the summer solstice, which Tolkien describes as being 10 days earlier than the middle day of our year. However, since then the summer solstice has shifted slightly so it falls on a different date now, rendering the difference between Mid-year's Day and the middle day of our year eleven days, instead of ten.

Days of the weekEdit

There were seven days in the Shire week. The first day of the week was called Sterday and the last day of the week was called Highday. The Mid-year's Day and, when present, Overlithe had no weekday assignments. This arrangement was used because it caused every day to have the same weekday designation from year to year (instead of changing as in the Gregorian calendar).[1]

Day NameMeaningRelationship to Gregorian calendar
SterdayStars of VardaSaturday
SundaySunSunday
MondayMoonMonday
TrewsdayTwo Trees of ValinorTuesday
HevensdayHeavensWednesday
MersdaySeaThursday
HighdayValarFriday

Highday was a holiday with evening feasts.

In The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings, the names of months and days are given in modern equivalents. For instance, Afteryule is called January and Sterday is called Saturday.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Akrikaans Land Kalender
Albanian Kalendari i vendit
Arabic نشاير تقويم
Armenian Շիրե Օրացույց
Azerbaijani Qraflıq təqvim
Bashkir Ил Календарь
Basque Eskualdea Egutegia
Belarusian Cyrillic Графства Каляндар
Bengali ষ্হিরে পাঁজি
Bosnian Okrug Kalendar
Bulgarian Cyrillic Графството календар
Burmese ပြည် ပြက္ခဒိန်
Cambodian ប្រទេស ប្រតិទិន
Catalan Comarca Calendari
Cebuano Nasud Kalendaryo
Chinese 夏爾曆法
Corsican Paesi Almanaccu
Croatian Okrug Kalendar
Czech Shirský Kalendář
Danish Herredet Kalender
Dutch De Gouw Kalender
Esperanto Lando Kalendaro
Estonian Šairi Kalender
Faroese Land Álmanakki
Filipino Kabukiran Kalendaryo
Finnish Konnun kalenteri
French Calendrier de la Comté
Frisian Lân Calendari
Galician Comarca Calendario
Georgian შირე კალენდარი
German Auenland-Kalender
Greek Σάιρ Ημερολόγιο
Hausa Kasar Kalandar
Hebrew הפלך לוּחַ שָׁנָה
Hindi प्रांत कैलेंडर
Hungarian Megye Naptár
Icelandic Land Dagatal
Indonesian Kalender Negara
Italian Calendario della Contea
Irish Gaelic Sír Féilire
Japanese シャイア カレンダー
Kannada ಶೈರ್ ಕ್ಯಾಲೆಂಡರ್
Kazakh Cyrillic Сһіре Күнтізбе
Korean 샤이어 달력
Kurdish Welat Salname (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Сhирэ Календарь
Laotian ປະເທດປະຕິທິນ
Latin Comitatus Kalendarium
Latvian Širė Kalendārs
Lithuanian Širės Kalendorius
Luxemboughish Land Kalenner
Macedonian Cyrillic Шире Календар
Malagasy Firenena Kalandrie
Maltese Pajjiż Kalendarja
Marathi शिर्ड कॅलेंडर
Mongolian Cyrillic Сhирэ Хуанли
Nepalese सायर पात्रो
Norwegian Hobsyssel Kalender
Pashto صهیرې جنتري
Persian شایر تقویم
Polish Kalendarz Shire
Portuguese (Brazil) Calendário de Condado
Portuguese (Portugal) Calendário de Chire
Punjabi ਸ਼ੈਰ ਕੈਲੰਡਰ
Romanian Comitatul Calendar
Romani Them Calendar
Romansh Cuntrada Chalender
Russian Шира Летосчисление
Serbian Округ Календар (Cyrillic) Okrug Kalendar (Latin)
Scottish Gaelic Siorrachd Mìosachan
Sindhi ملڪ جو ڪئلينڊر
Sinhalese ෂ්හිරෙ දින දසුන
Slovak Grófstvo Kalendár
Slovenian Šajerska Koledar
Somalian Wadan Jadwal taariikh
Spanish La Calendario de la Comarca
Swahili Nchi Kalenda
Swedish Fylketiden
Tajik Cyrillic Сҳире Тақвими
Tamil ஷ்ஹிரெ நாட்காட்டி
Tatar Ил Тәкъвим
Telugu షైర్ క్యాలెండర్
Thai ไชร์ปฏิทิน
Turkish Ülke Kontluk
Turkmen Ülke Kalendar
Ukrainian Cyrillic Шайр Календар
Urdu شائر کیلنڈر
Uzbek ширин Календар (Cyrillic) shirin Kalendar (Latin)
Vietnamese Quận Lịch
Welsh Sir Calendr
Yiddish תהירע קאַלענדאַר
Yoruba Orilẹ-ede Kalẹnda
Yucatec Maya Calendario le comarca

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix D

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