In the book of The Hobbit, the bodyguard of Bolg wielded steel scimitars in the Battle of Five Armies. In The Lord of the Rings, the Fellowship found orc-scimitars with blackened blades in the Chamber of Mazarbul. Later, a high orc-chieftain clothed in black mail with a spear and a scimitar rushed into the Chamber. He was slain by Andúril when he swept out the scimitar after his spear was broken and hacked by Sam. At the flight of the Fellowship, Frodo saw that nearly hundreds of orcs brandished scimitars and spears in the firelight in the First Hall near the Bridge of Khazad-dum.
The goblin-soldiers of Isengard did use short broad-bladed swords instead of curved scimitars which was unusual for Orcs. Aragorn distinguished four of them from the slain, and he knew Orcs from the North normally wielded scimitars.
The Orcs of Mordor have made straight blades too, and their blade are longer than Isengarders. Grishnákh carried a black knife with a long jagged blade. Shagrat had a long red knife, and he drove this knife into Gorbag's throat.
The Haradrim are the civilization most commonly described as using scimitars, with their cavalry bringing scimitars onto the Pelennor. In the books, their scimitars were "like a glitter of stars", but in the movies the only metal they have are gold plates worn as trophies. Through a movie standpoint, the Haradrim would have likely made these scimitars by combining a stone, bone, or obsidian blade with a wood, stone, or bone handle. These scimitars can typically be 3 foot 6 inch in length, with the blade being blunt for the first 10 inches to avoid self-laceration (exposing 4 inches of blunt blade and 30 inches of sharp blade)
Tolkien uses the term "scimitar" to describe any curved blade existing in Middle-earth. However, there are other kinds of curved blades, including forwards-curving ones like the Kopis and the Falcutta. Some backwards-curving blades do not count as scimitars in swordsmanship, but in the case of Middle-earth as Tolkien describes it, any curved blade is a scimitar. The scimitar in the picture is actually a falchion; a scimitar is a backwards-curving blade on a J-shaped handle with a cross-guard that curved up on the sharp side and down on the dull side. The blade curve was asymmetrical to the handle curve.
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