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Orodreth
Orodreth, by Filat

Orodreth

Biographical information

Other names
Artaher, Arothir, Artaresto
Titles
Date of birth
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Realms ruled
Spouse
Unnamed wife
Weapon

Physical description

Race
Culture
Ñoldor (House of Finarfin), Falmari (House of Olwë), Elves of Nargothrond
Gender
Male
Height
Hair color
Dark?
Eye color
Actor
Voice
Character

Orodreth was a Ñoldorin Elf of the First Age who was a ruler of the underground city of Nargothrond in western Beleriand. He was born to Angrod and Eldalótë in Tirion during the Years of the Trees and was the nephew of Finrod Felagund, Aegnor and Galadriel. He was killed in the Battle of Tumhalad.

BiographyEdit

Through his grandmother Eärwen of the Falmari (Teleri of Aman), he shared the blood of both the Ñoldor (House of Finarfin) and that of the Falmari (House of Olwë).[2] After the Doom of Mandos was announced in Araman, he and the rest of the Ñoldor left for Middle-earth. Even as his grandfather Finarfin and many of his House turned back to Valinor, Orodreth stayed with Fingolfin and his host and pursued his journey to Middle-earth.[3]

Orodreth once held the isle of Minas Tirith in the vale of Sirion[4] until Sauron overran the isle and turned it into Tol-in-Gaurhoth. Orodreth then fled south to Nargothrond.[5]

When Beren came to Nargothrond, Finrod went with him on his quest for the Silmaril. However, Celegorm and Curufin, the Sons of Fëanor, were also at Nargothrond, and forced Finrod to lay down his crown. Orodreth took it, ruling as regent, but the Sons of Fëanor held the real power. When news came that Finrod had been killed, the Sons of Fëanor were expelled from Nargothrond and Orodreth became its leader.[6]

When Túrin Turambar arrived in Nargothrond he gradually became its leader and Orodreth held no actual power, even if he was still Lord in name. High in Orodreth's councils, Túrin convinced him to build the Bridge of Nargothrond and abandon their secretive method of warfare in favor of open warfare.[7] In FA 495, he and Túrin marched out to meet the hosts of Morgoth and the Dragon Glaurung at Tumhalad and died fighting there, and his realm was subsequently conquered.[8][9]

Orodreth's wife was a Sindarin lady of the North, and had two children: Finduilas and Gil-galad.[10]

EtymologyEdit

The name Orodreth is Sindarin for "mountaineer", which came from the word orod ("mountain").[11][12]

His name in Quenya was Artaresto, which appears to have come from the word arta ("fortress, high") and resto, which have originated from the word retta ("climber").[13] 

Interestingly, if the second part of his Quenyan name did come from retta, it is easily concievable that the second component of his Quenyan name resto was converted into reth when translated into Sindarin, hence "mountaineer", or more literally in this case, "mountain climber".

House of FinarfinEdit

House of Finarfin

Finwë
   
   
Indis
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fingolfin
   
   
Finarfin
   
   
Eärwen
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Finrod
   
   
Angrod
   
   
Eldalótë
   
   
Aegnor
   
   
Galadriel
   
   
Celeborn
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Orodreth
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Celebrían
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Finduilas
   
   
   
   
   
   
Gil-galad

Other versions of the legendariumEdit

In earlier versions of The Silmarillion legendarium as detailed in The History of Middle-earth series, Orodreth was a more important character, and the original King of Nargothrond. However, his importance diminished over time.

In his last writings, Tolkien changed Orodreth's name to Artaher (Quenya) or Arothir (Sindarin), but it was never introduced in any narratives, so Christopher Tolkien left the name Orodreth unchanged. It is probable the Sindarin name Orodreth would have been retained nonetheless: Tolkien seldom changed names after they had long been used, even if only in unpublished writings.

GenealogyEdit

In the published Silmarillion, Orodreth is a son of Finarfin, with the Quenya name Artanáro. This was an editorial decision by Christopher Tolkien, made on the grounds that the later revision was not fully integrated into the extant texts by his father. Gil-galad, later High King of the Ñoldor, was his son, but in The Silmarillion, Gil-galad is made into Fingon's son instead. An earlier idea was that Orodreth's son was named Hallas, but Gil-galad replaced him.

As the son of Angrod, the earlier name for Orodreth was Artanáro and later changed to Artaresto. After Angrod was slain, Orodreth dwelt with Finrod and became his "steward".[10] Tolkien apparently intended to make Orodreth the son of Angrod and the father of Gil-galad. However, this would have impacted a number of other characters and storylines and therefore the change was not made in the published Silmarillion.

In later versions, Orodreth is described as the son of Angrod and a grandson of Finarfin and Eärwen, so it holds true that together with Turgon's daughter Idril and Curufin's son Celebrimbor, he was one of the three members of the Ñoldorin royal family in the third generation to come into exile. His father held Dorthonion, but Gil-galad was sent to the safer Nargothrond with his uncle Finrod.

Preceded by:
Finrod Felagund

Lord of Nargothrond
FA 465 - FA 495
Followed by:
None recognized, realm effectively destroyed

ReferencesEdit

  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter V: "Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter IX: "Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIV: "Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  5. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XVIII: "Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIX: "Of Beren and Lúthien"
  7. The Children of Húrin, Narn i Chîn Húrin, The Tale of the Children of Húrin, X: "Túrin in Nargothrond"
  8. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXI: "Of Túrin Turambar"
  9. The Children of Húrin, Narn i Chîn Húrin, The Tale of the Children of Húrin, XI: "The Fall of Nargothrond"
  10. 10.0 10.1 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, XI: "The Shibboleth of Fëanor", Parentage of Gil-galad
  11. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  12. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  13. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 5: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"

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