Mount Doom, also known as Orodruin and Amon Amarth, was a volcano in Mordor where the One Ring was forged and finally destroyed. It was the ultimate destination for Frodo's Quest of the Ring.


Location of Mount Doom

Location of Mount Doom marked in red.

Mount Doom was located in the Plateau of Gorgoroth in northwestern Mordor. It was connected to Barad-dûr through the steaming fissures of Sauron's Road. It stood about 4,500 feet with its base about 3,000 feet tall.[1]


During the Second Age, Sauron chose the land of Mordor as his dwelling-place. He used the fire that welled there from the heart of the earth in his sorceries and his forging. Around SA 1600, Sauron forged the One Ring in the depths of the Cracks of Doom, which was built within Mount Doom itself. On SA 3429, Mount Doom erupted, signalling Sauron's attack on Gondor, where it earned its name "Amon Amarth."[1][2][3]

After the War of the Last Alliance and Sauron's disappearance, it seemed to be dormant and only sprung into life when the One Ring was rediscovered.

On TA 3019, Frodo and Sam trekked the slopes of Mount Doom and entered Sammarth Naur.[4]

With the destruction of the Ring, Mount Doom had a massive eruption, sending massive lava floes down its sides and scattering the area with volcanic debris. The fiery eruption destroyed the Nazgûl and their mounts as they tried to reach Frodo on their Fell Beasts to reclaim the Ring.[4]


Orodruin was the common Sindarin name for Mount Doom. It means "Fire Mountain", from orod ("mountain") and ruin ("burning, fiery red"). However, the literal Sindarin translation for Mount Doom is Amon Amarth, from amon ("hill, mountain") and amarth ("doom, fate").[5][6] It is also possible that "Doom" is a mis-anglicization of "Dun", an old-English and possibly Rohirric term for "mountain".

Portrayal in adaptationsEdit

Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings film trilogyEdit


Mount Ngauruhoe

In Peter Jackson's film trilogy, the New Zealand volcano Mount Ngauruhoe was used as Mount Doom in some scenes. In long shots, the mountain is either a large model or a CGI effect or a combination. Filming the summit of Ngauruhoe itself was not permitted because it is sacred to the Māori of the region. However, some scenes on the slopes of Mount Doom were filmed on the actual slopes of Mount Ruapehu.[7]

On November 22, 2012, it was incorrectly reported by media outside New Zealand that "Mount Doom" Ngauruhoe had erupted. The reported eruption was actually from nearby Mount Tongariro, not Mount Ngauruhoe.


The International Astronomical Union names all mountains on Saturn's moon Titan after mountains in J. R. R. Tolkien's work. In 2012, they named a Titanian mountain "Doom Mons" after Mount Doom.

In the real world, the Italian volcano Stromboli was the inspiration for Mount Doom.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Berg Straf
Albanian Mali Dënim
Amharic ተራራ ቅጣት
Arabic جبل الهلاك
Armenian Ճակատագրական լեռ
Azerbaijani Dağ əcəl
Basque Mendiaren Infernura
Bengali মাউন্ট নিয়তি
Bosnian Planina Propasti
Cambodian សេចក្ដីវិនាសភ្នំ
Catalan Condemnació de Muntatge
Chichewa Phiri Chilango
Chinese (Hong Kong) 末日火山
Cornish Menedh Terros ?
Corsican Muntagna Andantino
Croatian Planina Usuda
Czech Hora osudu
Danish Dommedagsbjerget
Dutch Doemberg
Esperanto Monto Fatalo
Estonian Turmamägi
Filipino Bundok ng Lagim
Finnish Tuomiovuori
French Montagne du Destin (first translation)

Mont Destin (second translation)

Galician Monte do Destino
German Schicksalsberg
Greek Βουνό του Χαμού
Gujarati માઉન્ટ ડૂમ
Haiti Creole Mòn Fayit
Hebrew אבדון הר
Hindi माउंट कयामत
Hungarian A Végzet Hegye
Icelandic Dómsdyngju
Indonesian Gunung Azab
Italian Monte Fato
Japanese 滅びの山
Javanese Gunung Siksa
Kannada ಮೌಂಟ್ ಡೂಂ
Korean 마운트 운명
Kurdish Çiya Hukim (Kurmanji Kurdish)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic тоосунан түштү
Latvian Kalns Liktenis
Lithuanian Pražūties Ugnikalnis
Luxembourgish Montéierung
Macedonian Cyrillic планината Дум
Malagasy Tendrombohitra Loza
Malayalam ശിക്ഷ മൌണ്ട്
Maltese Impunjazzjoni kundanna
Malay Gunung Azab
Mongolian Cyrillic холбох мөхөл
Nepalese माउन्ट डुम
Norwegian Dommedagsberg
Pashto غره عذاب
Persian کوه نابودی
Polish Góra Przeznaczenia
Portuguese (Brazil) Montanha da Perdição
Portuguese (Portugal) Monte da Condenação or Montanha de Fogo
Punjabi ਪਹਾੜ ਤਬਾਹੀ
Romanian Muntele Osândei
Romansh Destin Muntogna ?
Russian Роковая Гора
Serbian Планина Пропасти (Cyrillic) Planina Propasti (Latin)
Sindhi عذاب ٿي ويھو
Slovak Hora Osudu
Slovenian Gora Obsodba
Somali Buur Cadaab
Spanish (Spain and Latin America) Monte del Destino
Swahili Adhabu ya Mlima
Swedish Domedagsberget
Tajik Cyrillic азоби кӯҳи
Telugu మౌంట్ డూమ్
Thai ภูมฤตยู
Turkish Hüküm Dağı
Turkmen Mün ?
Ukrainian Cyrillic фатальна Гора
Urdu ماؤنٹ عذاب
Uzbek Моунт Доом (Cyrillic) Tog'i taqdir ? (Latin)
Vietnamese Núi Diệt Vong
Yiddish באַרג פאַרמישפּעטן
Yucatec Maya K'aax u le destino
Zazaki Koyê Hukımi


Mount Doom
Map of Mount Doom, as seen in The Atlas of Middle-earth
Mordor's DuoSpire
Mount Doom stands beside the Barad-dûr
Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:


Dunland | Ithilien | Rohan | Arnor | Ettenmoors | Gondor | Lindon | Minhiriath | Rhûn | The Shire | Mordor | Harad | Forochel

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Old Forest | Redhorn Pass | Tower Hills | Weather Hills


Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Helm's Deep | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Orthanc | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno


Cair Andros | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Buckland | Enedwaith | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Fords of Isen | Weathertop | Argonath

The rest of Arda:

Númenor | Dark Land | Aman (Valinor) | Tol Eressëa


  1. 1.0 1.1 The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Lord of the Rings, "Mount Doom"
  2. The Silmarillion, Of the Rings of Power and the Third Age
  3. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The Númenórean Kings, (i): "Númenor"
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Six, Chapter III: "Mount Doom"
  5. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  6. Guide to the Names in The Lord of the Rings, Mordor
  7. Sibley, Brian, The Making of the Movie Trilogy The Lord of the RingsHoughton Mifflin (2002).