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Real-world

Middle-Earth Enterprises, formerly known as Tolkien Enterprises, was a company controlled by Saul Zaentz.

It controls the worldwide film, stage, and merchandise rights to J. R. R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings and The Hobbit.

HistoryEdit

Tolkien sold these rights to United Artists in 1968, who in turn sold them to Zaentz in 1976. In 1978, Tolkien Enterprises produced the animated version of The Lord of the Rings directed by the controversial animator Ralph Bakshi, which covered approximately the first half of the Lord of the Rings. In 2001 - 2003 Peter Jackson filmed the whole Lord of the Rings trilogy under license from Tolkien Enterprises, which went on to win 17 Oscars and numerous other international and national awards.

In 1999, Tolkien Enterprises ended their licensing agreement with Iron Crown Enterprises for role-playing games set in Middle-earth after Iron Crown Enterprises ceased developing new products for this line. This contributed to Iron Crown Enterprises' filing for bankruptcy in 2001. Tolkien Enterprises then made a new licensing agreement with Decipher Inc. for their Lord of the Rings Roleplaying Game.

In 2002 Tolkien Enterprises took part in making the video game The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, which was based on the book, not on the film. Then, in 2003, Tolkien Enterprises took part in the making of The Hobbit video game, which was for a younger age group.

Following this, in August 2004, Tolkien Enterprises sued New Line Cinema for over $20 million in unpaid royalties, based on the difference between gross and net profits for The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, and the exact terms of the royalty arrangement between Tolkien Enterprises and New Line Cinema. An out-of-court settlement was reached in August 2005, details of which were not released.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Midde-aarde Ondernemings
Albanian Toka e mesme Ndërmarrjet
Armenian Միջերկիր Ձեռնարկություններ
Azerbaijani Orta yer Şirkətlər
Basque Erdialdeko Lurraldea Enpresak
Belarusian Cyrillic Міжзем'е кампаніямі
Bengali মধ্য পৃথিবী মালিকানায় ?
Bosnian Srednja zemlja Preduzeća
Bulgarian Cyrillic Средна земя предприятия
Catalan Terra Mitjana Empreses
Cebuano Tunga-tunga-yuta Mga negosyo
Chinese 中土大陸 企业
Croatian Međuzemlje Poduzeća
Danish Midgård Virksomheder
Dutch Midden-Aarde Ondernemingen
Esperanto Mez-Tero Entreprenoj
Estonian Keskmaa Ettevõtete
Finnish Keski-Maa Yritysten
French Terre du Milieu Entreprises
Galician Terra Media Empresas
Georgian შუამიწეთის საწარმოები
German Mittelerde Unternehmenen
Greek Μέσης Γης Επιχειρήσεις
Gujarati મધ્યમ પૃથ્વી કંપનીઓ
Hebrew הארץ התיכונה יוזמות
Hindi मध्य पृथ्वी उद्यमों
Hungarian Középfölde Vállalatok
Italian Terra di Mezzo le imprese
Japanese 中つ国企業
Kazakh Ортаңғы-жер Кәсіпорындар (Cyrillic) Ortañğı-jer Käsiporındar (Latin)
Kannada ಮಧ್ಯಮ ಭೂಮಿಯ ಉದ್ಯಮಗಳು
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Борбордук-Жер ишканалар
Latvian Viduszeme Uzņēmumi
Macedonian Cyrillic Блискиот Земјата Претпријатија
Marathi मध्य पृथ्वी उपक्रम
Mongolian Cyrillic Миддлэ-эартh Аж ахуйн нэгжүүд
Nepalese मध्य-पृथ्वीमा उद्यम
Norwegian Midgard Bedrifter
Persian سرزمین میانی بنگاههای
Portuguese Terra Média Indústrias
Romanian Pământul de Mijloc Intreprinderi
Russian Средиземье Предприятий
Serbian Средња земља Предузећа (Cyrillic) Srednja zemlja Preduzeća (Latin)
Sinhalese මිද්ද්ලෙ-එඅර්ථ් ව්යවසායන්
Slovak Stredozem podniky
Slovenian Srednji svet Podjetja
Spanish Tierra Media Empresas
Swedish Midgård Företagen
Tamil மத்திய புவி நிறுவனங்கள்
Telugu మిద్ద్లె-ఎఅర్థ ఎంటర్ప్రైజెస్
Thai มิดเดิลเอิร์ธรัฐวิสาหกิจ
Turkish Orta Dünya Sirketler
Ukrainian Cyrillic Середзем'я Підприємства

External linkEdit