The Long Winter began in November, 2758, and snow soon covered all of Eriador and Rhovanion all the way south to the White Mountains (Ered Nimrais). Sauron used the winter to his advantage, staging an attack on Gondor by the Corsairs of Umbar and fleets of the Haradrim, while at the same time Easterlings and Dunlendings backed by Corsairs attacked Rohan. King Helm Hammerhand was trapped in the Glittering Caves, where he was forced to make desperate raids on the Dunlendings led by Wulf in order to get food. Gondor was unable to send help as its coasts and east flank were under attack. In the north, the people of Arnor also suffered greatly, dying of hunger.
The winter ended in March, 2759, when great floods of meltwater allowed Helm's nephew Fréaláf Hildeson to oust the Dunlendings from Rohan, and Gondor now could come for help so that Rohan was soon cleared. The harsh winter also brought on a great famine in the Shire known as the Days of Dearth that took the lives of many Hobbits up until the year TA 2760.
See also Edit
- The Lord of the Rings: Prologue pg. 5
- The Lord of the Rings: Appendix A pgs. 1054 & 1066
- The Lord of the Rings: Appendix B pg. 1088
- The Atlas of Middle-earth pgs. 62-3