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Ered Engrin ARDA

Location of the Iron Mountains in Arda.

The Iron Mountains, also known as Ered Engrin, and the Mountains of Iron were an immense mountain range in the northern part of Middle-earth.

The Iron Mountains have always been associated with bitterly cold climates[1] partly due to the influence of the evil Kingdom of Melkor. It was also the former location of his ancient fortresses of Utumno and Angband.[2][3]

HistoryEdit

After returning to Arda from the Outer Darkness with his allies through the Door of Night, he created the Iron Mountains and behind these walls safe from the light of the northern lamp Illuin he delved the great fortress of Utumno. Angband was also delved into these mountains west of Utumno. After Melkor's destruction of the Two Lamps, the Iron Mountains were connected to the Blue Mountains of the West to the Orocarni of the east.[2][3] Much later when the Valar decided to protect the Elves from Melkor by defeating him and imprisoning him, the changing of the shape of Middle-earth effected the Iron Mountains as well. Afterwards, the mountain range was distorted but was still long with lengths stretching from the Helcaraxë in the far northwest to the Orocarni in the far east and rising to immense and frighting heights, with enormous peaks such as Thangorodrim.[4] [3][5]

In the days of the War of the Jewels, the mountains protected Morgoth from being outflanked from the rear and with no enemy behind him, he was able to concentrate on the south. Because of its perilous heights, frightening looks, and foul winds, no Elf ever passed through the mountains for any reason but the spies of Morgoth would always find ways into the Beleriand, by unknown ways through the mountains. Morgoth's forces also captured Elves and brought them through the mountains to Angband.[6]

After the War of Wrath the Iron Mountains and Thangorodrim were destroyed and the vast mountain chain was broken and disappeared for a great part of their length. North of the range lay the Forodwaith, a region of ever-lasting cold. Remnants of the great mountain range in the Third Age included the Mountains of Angmar in northern Eriador, as well as the Ered Mithrin and the Iron Hills of northern Rhovanion.[7] The Iron Mountains remained unchanged after the Change of the World and ever after.[8][9] The only people known to have lived in the cold climates of the Forodwaith were a Mannish people known as the Lossoth, the descendants of the people known as the Forodwaith who once lived in the area around the Iron Mountains of the Ice-Bay of Forochel.[10]

EtymologyEdit

The Iron Mountains was known as the 'Ered Engrin' in Sindarin which meant 'Mountains of Iron'.[11]

Translations around the worldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Yster Berge
Albanian Malet Hekuri
Amharic የብረት ተራሮች
Arabic جبال الحديد
Armenian երկաթ լեռները
Azerbaijani Dəmir Dağları
Basque Burdina Mendiak
Belarusian Cyrillic жалезныя горы
Bengali আয়রন পর্বতমালা
Bosnian Željezne Planine
Bulgarian Cyrillic Железни Планини
Burmese သံကတောင်တန်း
Cambodian ភ្នំដែក
Catalan Muntanyes de Ferro
Cebuano Puthaw Kabukiran
Cherokee ᏔᎷᎩᏍᎩ ᎣᏓᎸᎢ
Chinese (Hong Kong) 鐵山脈 A.K.A. 英格林山脈
Corsican Montagna di Ferru
Croatian Željezne Planine
Czech Železné Hory
Danish Jern Bjerge
Dutch IJzeren Bergen
Esperanto Fera Montaro
Estonian Raua Mäed
Faroese Jarnfjøll
Fijian Ulunivanua ni kaukamea
Filipino Ang mga bundok ng bakal
Finnish Rautavuoret
French Monts de Fer
Frisian Izeren Bergen
Galician Montañas de Ferro
Georgian რკინის მთები
German Eiserne Berge
Greek Σίδερο Όρη
Gujarati આયર્ન પર્વતો
Hawaiian Hao Mauna
Hebrew הרי ברזל
Hindi आयरन पर्वत
Hungarian Vas-hegység
Icelandic Járn Fjöll
Indonesian Pegunungan Besi
Irish Gaelic Iarann Sléibhte
Italian Montagne di Ferro
Japanese アイアンマウンテン
Javanese Wesi Gunung
Kannada ಐರನ್ ಪರ್ವತಗಳು
Kazakh Cyrillic темір таулары
Korean 철 산
Kurdish Çییان حه‌سین ? (Arabic script) Çiyan Hesin (Latin)
Latin Ferrum Montes
Laotian ເຫລັກພູເຂົາ ?
Latvian Dzelzs Kalni
Lithuanian Geležies Kalnai
Luxembourgish Eisen Bierger
Macedonian Cyrillic Железо Планини
Malagasy Vy Tendrombohitra
Malay Gunung Besi
Maltese Muntanji tal-ħadid
Maori Rino Maunga
Marathi लोह पर्वत
Mongolian Cyrillic төмөр уулс
Navajo Béésh Dził
Nepalese फलाम पहाड
Norwegian Jernfjellene
Old English Īsen Beorg
Pashto وسپنه غرونو
Persian آهن کوه
Polish Góry Żelazne
Portuguese Montanhas de Ferro
Punjabi ਆਇਰਨ ਪਹਾੜ
Querétaro Otomi T'o̲ho̲ ne ya hierro
Romanian Munti de Fier
Russian Железные горы
Samoan Uamea Mauga
Sanskrit लोह गिरि
Scottish Gaelic Iarann Beanntan
Serbian Ирон Планине (Cyrillic) Gvozdene Planine (Latin)
Sesotho Tšepe Lithaba
Sindhi لوھ جبلن
Sinhalese යකඩ කඳු
Slovak Železnej Hory
Slovenian Železa Gore
Somalian Buuraha Birta
Spanish Montañas de Hierro
Sudanese Beusi Pagunungan
Swahili Milima ya Chuma
Swedish Järn Bergen
Tahitian Auri te mau moua
Tajik Cyrillic Дарзмол Кӯҳҳои
Tamil இரும்பு மலைகள்
Telugu ఐరన్ పర్వతాలు
Thai เทือกเขาเหล็ก
Tongan Ngaahi mo'unga 'a e va'a ukamea
Turkish Demir Dağları
Turkman Demir Daglar
Ukrainian Cyrillic залізні гори
Urdu آئرن پہاڑ
Uyghur تۆمۈر موۇنتاىنس
Uzbek Темир Тоғлар (Cyrillic) Temir Tog'lar (Latin)
Vietnamese Sắt Núi
Welsh Mynyddoedd Haearn
Xhosa Intsimbi Iintaba
Yiddish פּרעסן בערג
Yoyuba Irin Okegiga ?


Mountain Ranges of Arda

Ash Mountains | Echoriath | Ephel Dúath | Ered Gorgoroth | Blue Mountains | Ered Lómin | Grey Mountains | Ered Wethrin | Iron Hills | Iron Mountains | Misty Mountains | Mountains of Angmar | Mountains of Mirkwood | Mountains of Mithrim | Orocarni | Pelóri | Wall of the Sun | White Mountains | Yellow Mountains



ReferencesEdit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Climate"
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter I: "Of the Beginning of Days"
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Introduction"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter III: "Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
  5. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIII: "Of the Return of the Noldor"
  7. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, "Introduction"
  8. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth (The Downfall of Númenor)
  9. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Third Age, "Introduction"
  10. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The Númenórean Kings, (iii): "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  11. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

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