It was a large war-horn and tipped with silver written in ancient characters. Boromir blew it before leaving Rivendell with the Fellowship, as he always did when setting out on a journey. He sounded it again in Moria, causing the Orcs and even the Balrog to pause in their advance. The third time he blew it was on the banks of Parth Galen, calling for help in defending Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took. This last call, in addition to being heard by Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli, was faintly heard by his brother Faramir and his father Denethor II. The horn was broken into two pieces during Boromir's last fight with the Orcs and Uruk-hai of Saruman at Amon Hen.
An heirloom of the house of the Stewards of Gondor, the Horn of Gondor had been carried by the eldest son for generations. The horn was crafted before the line of the Kings of Gondor was broken, when "Vorondil the Hunter father of Mardil Voronwë hunted the wild Kine of Araw in the far fields of Rhûn. The story surrounding the horn mentioned that it was made from the horn of " the wild ox of the East " and that "if it be blown at need anywhere within the bounds of Gondor, as the realm was of old, its voice will not pass unheeded."
The Horn of Gondor was not present in Faramir's vision of his dead brother in the boat from Lórien. However, when Gandalf and Pippin arrive in Minas Tirith, the broken horn was being held by Denethor II, Boromir's father.
In the extended version of Peter Jackson's Lord of the Rings film trilogy, the horn is not heard when the newly formed Fellowship of the Ring leave Rivendell with Elrond's blessings. Likewise the horn is not heard when the Fellowship escapes from the Balrog into Eastern Moria. The only time that the horn is heard is during the Skirmish at Amon Hen prior to Boromir's death.