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High Pass

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The High Pass, also named Cirith Forn en Andrath, was an important mountain pass over the Misty Mountains.

On its western end was the refuge of Rivendell, and from there the Great East Road climbs into the mountains until it reaches the mountain under which lies the Goblin-town.[1][2]

HistoryEdit

First AgeEdit

The Misty Mountains Goblins

Goblins heading to the High Pass to attack the Elves in The Battle for Middle-earth II

The High Pass was first created before the First Age by Oromë the Vala, in order to allow for a crossing of the mountains by the Eldar. Later in the First Age the High Pass was used by the Dwarves, who connected their roads (the Great East Road and the Men-i-Naugrim through Mirkwood) with it.

It is worth noting that there are actually two passes at this location. The lower pass is more prone to being blocked by Orcs; hence, most travellers using the higher pass outside of those rare occasions when the Orcs were suppressed.

Second AgeEdit

In the later days of the Second Age, the High Pass was used by the armies of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men led by Gil-galad and Elendil when they marched through it on their way to confront the armies of Sauron in Mordor.[3]

Third AgeEdit

During the later Third Age the Pass became dangerous again because of the Orcs increasing in the mountains. Only with the advent of the War of the Dwarves and Orcs, which nearly wiped out all Orcs of the mountains, did the pass become safe again. Afterwards, the pass was considered to be safe for about one-hundred and forty years until about TA 2940, just before the Quest of Erebor when the goblins of Goblin-town had delved an entrance to their underground tunnels on the pass. Thorin and Company were captured there in TA 2941 when they intended to pass through the mountains on their way to the Lonely Mountain.

After the Battle of the Five Armies, the pass was once again free from danger and was maintained by the Beornings and for many years afterwards it had become important to trade between peoples living in Eriador and Rhovanion. During the War of the Ring, the Fellowship of the Ring bypassed the High Pass because the eastern side of the Misty Mountains had become too dangerous due to a winter snow storm. It was also the most obvious route they could take from Rivendell.[4]


Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:

Provinces/Regions:

Dunland | Ithilien | Rohan | Arnor | Ettenmoors | Gondor | Lindon | Minhiriath | Rhûn | The Shire | Mordor | Harad | Forochel

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Old Forest | Redhorn Pass | Tower Hills | Weather Hills

City/Fortifications:

Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Helm's Deep | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno

Miscellaneous:

Cair Andros | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Buckland | Enedwaith | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Fords of Isen | Weathertop | Argonath

The rest of Arda:

Valinor | Númenor | Dark Land | Aman | Tol Eressëa

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "Wilderland"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The Misty Mountains"
  3. Unfinished Tales, Part Three: The Third Age, I: "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields"
  4. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

Translations around the worldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Hoë Slaagsyfer
Albanian Kalojë Të lartë
Amharic ሊቀ ማለፊያ
Arabic ارتفاع تمرير
Armenian բարձր անցնել
Azerbaijani Yüksək Keçmək ?
Basque Handiko Pasatzen ?
Belarusian Cyrillic высокіх частот
Bengali উচ্চ পাস
Bosnian Visoka Proći
Bulgarian Високо пропусклив
Catalan Pas Elevat
Chinese 高通 ?
Croatian Visoke Proći
Czech Vysoká Průchod
Danish Høj Passere
Dutch Hoog Passeren
Esperanto Alta Enirpermesilo
Estonian Kõrge Liigu
Filipino Mataas Pumasa
Finnish Korkea Kulkea
French Haute Passer
Galician Alto Pase
Georgian მაღალი უღელტეხილი
German Hoher Pass
Greek Υψηλή Πέρασμα
Gujarati ઉચ્ચ પાસ
Haiti Creole Segondè Pase
Hawaiian Kiʻekiʻe Hele ?
Hebrew גבוה לעבור
Hindi उच्च दर्रा
Hungarian Északi Magas Hágó
Icelandic Hár Fjallaskarð
Igbo Elu Ngafe
Indonesian Tinggi Iewat
Irish Gaelic Pas Ard
Italian Alto Passo
Japanese ハイパス
Javanese Dhuwur Pass
Kannada ಹೈ ಪಾಸ್
Kazakh Cyrillic жоғары Пасс
Khmer (Cambodian) ដំណាក់ខ្ពស់
Korean 하이 패스
Kurdish حیگه پاسس (Arabic script) Bilind Nasname (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic бийик ашуу
Lao ຜ່ານສູງ
Latin Altum Mons ?
Latvian Augstas Caurlaide
Lithuanian Aukštoji perėja
Luxembourgish Héich Zéit
Macedonian Cyrillic високи тонови
Malagasy Avo Mandalo
Malay Lulus Tinggi
Malayalam ഹൈ പാസ്
Maltese Għoli Jgħaddu
Manx Harrym Ard ?
Maori Tiketike Haere ?
Mongolian Өндөр уулын ам
Navajo Wo-tah Dziłgiizh
Nepalese उच्च भन्ज्याड़
Norwegian Høypasset
Pashto د لوړ کوتل
Persian رمز بالا
Polish Wysoka Przełęcz
Portuguese Passa Alta
Punjabi ਹਾਈ ਪਾਸ
Querétaro Otomi Bi thogi mar hñets'i
Romanian Mare Trece
Romansh Passar Ault
Scottish Gaelic Àrd Bhealaich
Serbian Висок центаршут (Serbian Cyrillic) Visok Centaršut (Latin)
Shona Yakakwirira Zvichipfuura
Sindhi هاء لڪ
Siamese (Thai) ผ่านสูง ?
Sinhalese ඉහළ සාමාර්ථයක්
Slovak Horná Priepusť
Slovenian Visoka Podaja
Spanish Paso Alto
Swedish Högpass
Tajik Cyrillic ағбаи баланди
Tamil உயர் பாதை
Telugu అధిక ప్రవాహం
Turkish Yüksek Geçiş
Turkmen Ýokary Gezmelemek ?
Ukrainian Cyrillic висока Пас
Urdu اعلی درہ
Uzbek Ҳигҳ Пасс (Uzbek Cyrillic) Yuqori O'tkazgan (Latin)
Vietnamese Vượt qua cao
Welsh Uchel Pasio
Yoruba Ga Kọja
Yucatec Maya Paso Ka'anal
Yiddish הויך פאָרן
Zulu Kudlule Okusezingeni

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