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Helcar (also spelt Helkar[1]) was the name of a great tower upon which the mighty lamp Illuin sat.


Helcar was raised by the Valar to house the northern of the Two Lamps, Illuin. It was placed in the north of Middle-earth, and together with the southern lamp Ormal lit up all of Arda. Helcar was destroyed by Melkor, and collapsed. This ruined a great part of Middle-earth, and waters (probably from Belegaer and the eastern ocean) flowed in. Later here was formed the inland Sea of Helcar. The heat of Illuin then melted Helcar, and the meltwater of this tower formed the Sea of Helcar.[2]

Earlier versions of the legendariumEdit

In some traditions it was said that Helcar was one of the two pillars made by Melko (Melkor), not the Valar, out of ice - a substance that was not yet known to the Valar.[3]


  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter I: "Of the Beginning of Days"
  3. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, chapter III: "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor"

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