Harad, also known as Haradwaith, was the name of the immense realm located south of Gondor and Mordor. The Men of Harad were called Southrons or Haradrim ("South-multitude").

Geography Edit

Harad lay between the sea of Umbar to its west and Khand to its northeast, and was divided into two main provinces: Near Harad, which was the closest to both Mordor and Gondor, and Far Harad, nearest to the land of Umbar. Harondor, otherwise known as South Gondor, was a buffer zone in the very north of Harad between the lush, verdant grasslands on the Gondor side of the Anduin and the inhospitable dunes of sand to the far south, and was contested over by Gondor and Harad. The river Poros formed Harondor's northern border, while the river Harnen formed its southern border. Its climate was most likely a semi-arid grassland but presumably more fertile than Harad. Its boundaries extended roughly from the Anduin to the western flank of Mordor and stopped around an imaginary line protruding horizontally from the bay of Umbar. On the northeast it was bordered by the Mountains of Shadow, and it ran west to the Bay of Belfalas.

The boundary between Near Harad and Khand is not described, and it is unclear how far east Near Harad extended. The majority of Near Harad is desert, described by Gollum as where the "yellow face is bright and terrible". In the southeast of Near Harad, a natural gulf fed far into the landmass, and a large river flowed inland from there to the northwest, later forking. One branch of the river flowed westwards towards Umbar, and the other northeast. Neither the gulf nor the rivers were given names by Tolkien.[1]

The boundary between Near and Far Harad is indistinct, but compared to the other regions Far Harad was immense, covering all the territory relatively equivalent to Africa. Far Harad was large enough that it most likely had an extremely varied climate. Much of the southern extents of Far Harad were covered in forests and jungle. The great Mûmakil, called Oliphaunts in legend by the Hobbits, were native to this area. The Mûmakil were rarely seen outside of Far Harad after the Third Age.


Main article: Haradrim

An archer of Harad

Harad's tribes were divided - at least in the minds of the men of northwestern Middle-earth - into those of Near and Far Harad, although there were many tribes of the Haradrim, often mutually hostile. Those of Near Harad were brown-skinned, with black hair and dark eyes, whereas the people of Far Harad had black skin. Many say they only banded together due to the fact Sauron was slowly regaining power, and were fearful of Sauron if they continued to war against one another. This was mainly due to Sauron seeing the Haradrim as his men and did not want a diminished army due to in-fighting.


Second AgeEdit

After the First Age, the men of these lands were among the lesser men who were instructed by the voyaging Númenóreans in the basic arts of civilization. This went on for some time until the middle of the Second Age when the Númenóreans turned their backs on wisdom and became their overlords.[2]

From the latter part of the Second Age, many of the Men of Harad were dominated by the Númenóreans, as were many other peoples whose lands included a coastline. Shortly before the War of the Last Alliance, two Númenórean lords, named Herumor and Fuinur, "rose to great power amongst the Haradrim", but their ultimate fate is not recorded.

Third AgeEdit

For many centuries of the Third Age, many Haradrim were still ruled by Black Númenórean Lords and ultimately, the Harad fell under the influence of Mordor for much of the Age.

Much of Far Harad was a jungle, although there also was a desert. In Far Harad lived the gigantic mammoth-like animals known as Mûmakil or Oliphaunts native to Far Harad used by the Haradrim as moving war towers, still continued to live.

Near Harad later formed an alliance or maybe even a coalition of some sort with the Corsairs of Umbar, and was involved in a series of continual battles with Gondor over South Gondor or Harondor. Anciently its northern border was held to be the river Harnen, but by the time of the War of the Ring all the land south of the river Poros was under the influence of the Haradrim.

Fourth AgeEdit

After the revival of the Reunited Kingdom of Gondor and Arnor in the Fourth Age, many of the Haradrim were pardoned and allowed to live in peace. They were required to relinquish South Gondor and Umbar, but remained a free people. 


In Sindarin, Harad means "South".[3] In Quenya, it was Hyarmen.

Portrayal in adaptationsEdit


A Haradrim Barracks in the BFME games

See AlsoEdit

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ሃራድ
Arabic هاراد
Belarusian Cyrillic Харад
Bengali হার্ড
Bulgarian Cyrillic Харад
Chinese 哈拉德
Chinese (Hong Kong) 哈化德林 , or simply translated to 哈德
Georgian ჰარად
Gujarati હરાદ
Hindi हरद
Japanese ハラド
Kannada ಹರಾದ್
Kazakh Cyrillic Харад
Korean 하라ᄃ
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Hарад
Macedonian Cyrillic Харад
Malayalam ഹരദ്
Marathi हरद
Mongolian Cyrillic Харад
Nepalese हरद
Pashto هاراد
Persian هاراد
Punjabi ਹਰਡ
Russian Харад
Serbian Харад (Cyrillic) Harad (Latin)
Sindhi هاري
Sinhalese හරද්
Tajik Cyrillic Харад
Tamil ஹரத்
Telugu హరద
Thai ฮารัด
Ukrainian Cyrillic Гарад
Urdu حرض
Uzbek Ҳарад (Cyrillic) Harad (Latin)
Yiddish חאַראַד
Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:


Dunland | Ithilien | Rohan | Arnor | Ettenmoors | Gondor | Lindon | Minhiriath | Rhûn | The Shire | Mordor | Harad | Forochel

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Old Forest | Redhorn Pass | Tower Hills | Weather Hills


Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Helm's Deep | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Orthanc | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno


Cair Andros | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Buckland | Enedwaith | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Fords of Isen | Weathertop | Argonath

The rest of Arda:

Númenor | Dark Land | Aman (Valinor) | Tol Eressëa


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, "Introduction"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, "Voyages of the Númenóreans"
  3. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien