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The Grey Mountains

The Grey Mountains, or the Ered Mithrin, were a large mountain range in Middle-earth to the north of Rhovanion.

DescriptionEdit

The Grey Mountains were the last remnants of the wall of the Iron Mountains or Ered Engrin, which once stretched all over the north of Middle-earth, but were broken at the end of the First Age after the War of Wrath. North of the Grey Mountains lay Forodwaith, or the Northern Waste. This land was known as Dor Daidelos during the First Age, but most of it was destroyed in the breaking of Arda after the War of Wrath.

In the maps of the Second and Third Age it may look like the Grey Mountains were but a northern arm of the Misty Mountains, but in truth this mountain range was far older, stemming from the creation of Arda, whereas the Misty Mountains had not been raised until after the Years of the Lamps.

Where the Grey Mountains met at their western end with the Misty Mountains lay Mount Gundabad, an ancient Dwarven holy site and the place where Durin I awoke.  

The stretch of mountains west of the Misty Mountains which still formed one range with the Grey Mountains was known as the Mountains of Angmar, another remnant of the Iron Mountains.

The eastern end of the Grey Mountains was split into two branches, and in between lay the Withered Heath, where dragons still bred. After that was a long gap, until the Iron Hills continued the old line of the Iron Mountains again. The Lonely Mountain, or Erebor, was not part of either range and was entirely separate.

From East to West the mountains stretched some 350 Númenórean Miles, and the sources of the Great River Anduin, Langwell, the river Greylin, and the Forest River of Mirkwood arose in this range.[1]

InhabitantsEdit

Of old the Grey Mountains had been mined and inhabited by Dwarves of Durin's Folk, but by the Third Age all Dwarven strongholds had been abandoned or raided by dragons, and the Grey Mountains served only to divide Forodwaith from Wilderland.

EtymologyEdit

The Grey Mountains are also known as Ered Mithrin was the Sindarin; ered (mountains) + mithrin (grey)].[2]

Other Versions of the LegendariumEdit

Another line of Grey Mountains in Middle-earth are seen on the Ambarkanta map: these are a series of mountains which continue the line of the Blue Mountains (Ered Luin) as the western edge of Endor, but on the southern half of the continent. Since no maps of the entire world exist after the First Age, it is unknown if this mountain line still existed in the Third Age. In any case they do not appear in any narrative.

Other linesEdit

Yet a third line of Grey Mountains start at Umbar and run southwards, following the western coast of Harad. Of old they lay directly east of Numenor. These mountains are labeled on the map on pages 38 and 39 of The Atlas of Middle-earth. It is possible that these are the same as the above that have been moved by a Change of the World.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Grys Berge
Albanian Malet Gri
Amharic ግራጫ ተራሮች
Arabic الجبال رمادية
Basque Mendiak Grisa
Bengali গ্রে পর্বতমালা
Bosnian Sive Planine
Bulgarian Сивите Планини
Catalan Muntanyes Grises
Chichewa Imvi Mapiri
Chinese (Hong Kong) 灰色山脈 A.K.A. 伊瑞德米斯林
Croatian Sive Planine
Czech Šedé hory
Danish Grå bjerge
Estonian Hall Mägedes
French Montagnes Grises
Frisian Grize Bergen
Dutch Grijze Bergen
Galician Montañas Grises
Georgian რუხი მთები
German Grau-Berge
Greek Γκρι Βουνά
Hawaiian Oho Mauna
Icelandic Grá Fjöll
Indonesian Abu-abu Gunung ?
Italian Montagne Grigie
Irish Gaelic Sléibhte Liath
Japanese 灰色山脈
Haitian Creole Gri Mòn ?
Hebrew הרי גריי
Hindi ग्रे पर्वत
Hungarian Szürke-hegység
Kannada ಗ್ರೇ ಪರ್ವತಗಳು
Khmer (Cambodian) ប្រផេះភ្នំ
Korean 회색 산맥
Kurdish عره‌ی مۆونتاینس ? (Arabic script) Çiyayên Gewr (Latinised)
Kyrgyz боз тоолор
Latvian Pelēks Kalni
Lithuanian Pilka kalnai
Luxembourgish Groen Bierger
Macedonian Греј Планини
Maltese Muntanji griża
Malagasy Grey Tendrombohitra
Malay Kelabu Pergunungan
Marathi ग्रे पर्वत
Mongolian саарал уулс
Nepali ग्रे पर्वत
Norwegian Gråfjellene
Pashto خړ غرونه
Persian کوه های خاکستری
Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) Montanhas Cinzentas
Polish Szare Góry
Punjabi ਗ੍ਰੇ ਪਹਾੜ
Romanian Munții Gri
Scottish Gaelic Glas Beanntan
Serbian Греy планине (Cyrillic) Grey planine (Latin)
Siamese (Thai) เทือกเขาสีเทา
Sindhi ڀورو جبل
Sinhala ග්රේ කඳු ?
Slovak Šedé Hory
Slovenian Sive gore
Somali Buuraha Cirro
Spanish (Spain and Latin America) Montañas Grises
Swedish Grå bergen
Russian Серые горы
Tamil சாம்பல் மலைகள்
Telugu గ్రే పర్వతాలు
Turkish Gri Dağlar
Ukrainian Сірих горах
Urdu گرے پہاڑوں
Uyghur گرەي موۇنتاىنس
Uzbek Грей Моунтаинс (Cyrillic) Kulrang Tog'lar (Latinised)
Vietnamese Dãy núi xám
Welsh Mynyddoedd llwyd
Yucatec Maya Witso'obo' Grises
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Mountain Ranges of Arda

Ash Mountains | Echoriath | Ephel Dúath | Ered Gorgoroth | Blue Mountains | Ered Lómin | Grey Mountains | Ered Wethrin | Iron Hills | Iron Mountains | Misty Mountains | Mountains of Angmar | Mountains of Mirkwood | Mountains of Mithrim | Orocarni | Pelóri | Wall of the Sun | White Mountains | Yellow Mountains


Dwarven Realms of Middle-earth throughout the Ages
Years of the Trees & First Age Bar-en-Nibin-Noeg | Belegost | Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad | Nogrod | Nulukkizdîn | Orocarni
Second Age Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad
Third Age Grey Mountains | Iron Hills | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain | Northern Blue Mountains
Fourth Age Glittering Caves | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain


ReferencesEdit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "Wilderland"
  2. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

External linkEdit

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