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Fall of Gondolin

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Fall of Gondolin
GB
Conflict: War of the Jewels
Date: FA 510
Place: Gondolin
Outcome: The demise of the great city of Gondolin
Combatants
Elves of Gondolin Army of Melkor
Commanders
Turgon
Tuor
Ecthelion
Glorfindel
Duilin
Rog
Egalmoth
Penlod
Galdor
Legolas of Gondolin
Morgoth
Gothmog
Beast of Gondolin
Maeglin
Salgant of the Harp
Strength
Twelves Houses of the Gondolindrim Thousands Dragons, Orcs & Balrogs
Casualties
Heavy Very Heavy

The Fall of Gondolin was the battle between the forces of Turgon and Melkor, after Maeglin betrayed the location of the Hidden Kingdom to the enemy. After the battle, most of the Gondolindrim (including Turgon and his captains) died, while some survived, such as Tuor, Idril, and their son Eärendil.

HistoryEdit

When the Noldor cities of Beleriand fell to the wrath of Morgoth one by one, Gondolin, hidden within the Crissaegrim, remained as a last bastion of hope for those who opposed Morgoth. But in 551 FA, Turgon's nephew, Maeglin, divulged the secrets of Gondolin and its passes to Morgoth, who planned the assault for many years before finally unleashing his armies upon the unprepared Elves. Due to information passed by Maeglin, Morgoth's forces managed to surround the city without being detected, and it was besieged without any hope of victory or escape on the part of the Elves.

For many days the elves of Gondolin held their ranks and the city. Bloody and terrible were the battles that raged beneath its walls - courageous leaders and warriors, most predominantly Ecthelion and Tuor, became legends, and later songs and epic poems would be written of them. Swords like Orcrist and Glamdring earned their reputations and became feared among orcs.

However, Morgoth's armies were too numerous and powerful for the Elves to overcome, as they were comprised not only of Orcs and other mundane Dark creatures, but of Balrogs and an entire brood of Dragons fathered by Glaurung. The defenders of the city managed to leave their mark on the attackers, slaying two Balrogs, one of whom was Gothmog himself, but ultimately, the battle was a complete and decisive victory for Morgoth. With Gondolin's fall, the last of the great Elven kingdoms in Middle-earth was destroyed, and with it was destroyed any terrestrial hope of resisting Morgoth's power.

As a chapterEdit

The Fall of Gondolin is a chapter of both The Book of Lost Tales II and the Silmarillion that tells of the founding of the Elven city of Gondolin (built in secret by Turgon and his people), of the arrival Tuor, a prince of the Edain, of the betrayal of the city to Morgoth by Turgon's nephew Maeglin, and of its subsequent destruction by Morgoth's armies.[1][2] The chapter of The Book of Lost Tales II goes more into depth than the account of the Fall in The Silmarillion, telling in detail of Tuor's and Ecthelion's feats in battle.

Behind the scenesEdit

J.R.R. Tolkien actually began writing the story that would become "The Fall of Gondolin" in 1917 in an army barracks on the back of a sheet of military marching music. It is more or less the first traceable story he wrote down on paper about the Middle-earth legendarium.

Because Tolkien was constantly revising his First Age stories, the narrative he wrote in 1917 (published posthumously in the Book of Lost Tales II) remains the only full account of the fall of the city. The narrative in The Silmarillion was the result of the editing by his son Christopher of various different sources.

A partial new version of "The Fall of Gondolin" was published in the Unfinished Tales under the title "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin". Actually titled "Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin", this narrative shows a great expansion of the earlier tale. It can be surmised from this text that Tolkien would have rewritten the entire story, but for reasons that are not known he abandoned the text before Tuor actually arrives in the city. For this reason Christopher Tolkien retitled the story before including it in Unfinished Tales.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Val van Gondolin
Albanian Bie e Gondolin
Amharic ውድቀት ጞንዶሊን ?
Arabic سقوط جوندولين
Basque Gondolin Jaitsiera
Belarusian Cyrillic падзенне Гондолина
Bengali পতনের গন্ডোলিন
Bosnian Pad Gondolin
Bulgarian Cyrillic Падането на Гондолин
Catalan Caiguda de Gondolin
Cantonese 贡多林的秋天
Cebuano Pagkapukan sa Gondolin
Chinese (Simplified) 冈多林秋季
Corsican Caduta di Gondolin
Croatian Pad Gondolina
Czech Pád Gondolinu
Danish Fald Gondolin
Dutch Val van Gondolin
Esperanto Falita de Gondolin
Estonian Sügisel Gondolinist
Filipino Pagbagsak ng Gondolin
Finnish Syksyllä Gondolinin
French Chute de Gondolin
Frisian Fal fan Gondolin
Georgian შემოდგომაზე ღონდოლინ
German Sturz von Gondolin
Greek πτώση της Γκόντολιν
Gujarati ફોલ ઓફ ગોન્ડોલીન
Haiti Creole Tonbe nan Gondolin
Hawaii Hina o Gondolin
Hebrew בסתיו מגונדולין
Hungarian Gondolin Bukása
Hmong Zeeg ntawm Gondolin
Icelandic Detta af Gondolin
Igbo ọdịda nke Gondolin
Indonesian Jatuhnya Gondolin
Italian Caduta di Gondolin
Irish Gaelic Titim de Gondolin
Japanese 落下 の ゴンドィン
Javanese Tiba saka Gondolin
Kannada ಫಾಲ್ ಆ ಗೊಂಡೋಲಿನ್
Kazakh Cyrillic құлдырауы Гондолін
Kurdish فاڵ ۆف عۆندۆلین ? (Arabic script) Ketina ji Gondolin (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic кулашы оф Гондолин
Latin Ruina Gondolin
Latvian Krišana Gondolin
Lithuanian Rudenį Gondolin
Luxembourgish Stuerz vun Gondolin
Malagasy Nianjeran'i Gondolin
Malay Kejatuhan Gondolin
Maltese Waqgħa tal Gondolin
Maori Hinga o Gondolin
Navajo Jootłish Gondolin
Nepalese पतन ङोन्दोलिन
Norwegian Høsten Gondolin
Persian سقوطگوندولین
Polish Upadek Gondolinu
Portuguese Queda de Gondolin
Querétaro Otomi Caída ar Gondolin
Romanian Căderea Gondolin
Russian Падение Гондолина
Scottish Gaelic Tuiteam de Gondolin
Serbian Пада Гондолина (Cyrillic) Pada Gondolina (Latin)
Sinhalese ෆල්ල් ඔෆ් ගොඳොලින්
Slovak Pád Gondolinu
Slovenian Padec Gondolin
Somali Dhici ee Gondolin
Spanish Caída de Gondolin
Sudanese Ragrag tina Gondolin
Swahili Kuanguka kwa Gondolin
Swedish Hösten Gondolin
Tajik Cyrillic тирамоҳи оф Гондолин
Tamil வீழ்ச்சி கொந்தொலிந்
Telugu ఫాల్ అఫ్ గొండోలిన్
Thai การล่มสลายของกอนโด
Turkish Gondolin'in Sonbahar
Turkmen Gondolin Ýykylmak ?
Ukrainian Cyrillic падіння Гондоліна
Uzbek Фалл оф Гондолин (Cyrillic) Gondolin'de qulashi (Latin)
Vietnamese Sụp đổ của Gondolin
Volapük Falön Gondolin
Welsh Cwymp Gondolin
Xhosa Ukuwa Gondolin
Yiddish פאַלן פון גאָנדאָלין
Yoruba Isubu ti Gondolin
Yucatec Maya Caída u Gondolin

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIII: "Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
  2. Unfinished Tales, Part One: The First Age, I: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"

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