Esgalduin was the main river of Doriath. The Esgalduin flowed from the hills of Dorthonion through Doriath past the caves of Menegroth under the Stone Bridge leading to the gates of the city, and finally meeting up with the River Sirion in the west.

The Esgalduin had two unnamed upper branches of its own in Ered Gorgoroth. One ran along the border between Dor Dínen and Nan Dungortheb, and the other ran west for about 20 miles from the mountains into Nan Dungortheb and further south-east until merging with the first.[1][2]


In a manuscript dating from the late 1950s and early 1960s, Tolkien wrote that Esgalduin is a Sindarin name meaning "the river under shade".

In the earlier Etymologies, the name Esgalduin was said to be Ilkorin for "River under Veil (of [?leaves])", consisting of the elements esgal ("screen, hiding, roof of leaves") + duin ("water, river").:[citation needed]

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Chinese (Hong Kong) 愛斯卡督印河


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Menegroth, the Thousand Caves"

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