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Eru Ilúvatar

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Tn-melkor weaves opposing music

Eru

Biographical information

Other names
The One, The All High, The Father of All, Alone
Titles
God of Arda, Creator, Deity of Middle-earth
Date of birth
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Realms ruled
All of creation, Timeless Halls
Spouse
None
Maiden name
{{{maiden name}}}
Weapon
Love, Omnipotence

Physical description

Race
Culture
Gender
Male
Height
Varies
Hair color
Varies, White ?
Eye color
Varies, Luminous
Actor
Voice
Character

Eru is the supreme deity of Arda. He was the single creator, above the Valar, but has delegated almost all direct action within to the Ainur, including the shaping of the Arda.

Biography

Eru is transcendent, and completely outside of and beyond the world. He first created a group of angelic beings, called in Elvish the "Ainur," and these holy spirits were co-actors in the creation of Arda through a holy music and chanting called the "Music of the Ainur." He is known also as "the All-Powerful".

Eru is an important part of the stories of The Silmarillion but is not mentioned by name in Tolkien's most famous works, The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings (He is alluded to as "the One" in a part of Appendix A that speaks of the downfall of Númenor).

Eru alone could create independent life or reality by giving it the Flame.

Elves and Men were created by Eru directly, without delegation to the Ainur, and they are therefore called "Children of Ilúvatar" (Eruhini). The Dwarves were created by Aulë with the belated blessing of Ilúvatar, though they would be second to the Children of Ilúvatar. Ents were also created by Eru under the request of Yavanna who reasoned that Dwarves would want to fell trees. Melkor instilled some semblance of free will into his mockeries of Eru Ilúvatar's creations (Orcs and Trolls).

The first things that Ilúvatar created were the Ainur (from his thoughts). He then bade the Ainur to sing to him; this was called the Ainulindalë, or the music of the Ainur. Melkor created a discord to the music, and Iluvatar added three themes to the Ainulindale, which talked about the fate of Arda.

The next thing he made was Eä, the "World and All That Is", and Eä was in the Void (Melkor was drawn to the Void, and so at the beginning of Arda, he lay in the Void, or the Outside as it was sometimes called). He then gave the Ainur the option to go into Eä and fashion it as they will. The Greatest Ainur who chose to do so were called the Valar, and they controlled the shaping of the Arda. They could not make life, however, as Aulë proves, who was able to give only shape to the Dwarves, while consciousness was given to them by Eru. The Valar were accompanied by the Maiar, the lesser Ainur. The elves and men, however, came directly from Ilúvatar's thoughts, and are referred to in The Silmarillion as The First Children of Ilúvatar and the Second Children of Ilúvatar, respectively, while the Dwarves would be the Adopted Children.[citation needed]

Interventions

ERU LLUVATAR

Eru Iluvatar's illustration.

  • During the Years of the Trees, Eru created and awoke Men.
  • In the Second Age Eru, called upon by the Valar, buried King Ar-Pharazôn and his Army when they landed at Aman in SA 3319. He caused the Earth to take a round shape, drowned Númenor, and caused the Undying Lands to be taken "outside the spheres of the Earth".
  • In a letter written by Tolkien, he stated that Eru again intervened, this time in the Third Age, causing Gollum to trip and fall into the fires of Mount Doom while still holding the One Ring, thus destroying it.

Etymology

Eru meant "The One" or "Alone", and the epithet Ilúvatar meant "Father of All" in the Quenya tongue.

Notes

  • Eru's role could be seen as similar towards the role of God himself from the Abrahamic religions, and was likely based entirely off of the same being, given Tolkien's faith.

Translations around the World

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዐሩ ዒሉቫታር
Arabic ىرو ىلوڢاتار
Armenian Երու Իլուվատար
Belarusian Cyrillic Эру Ілуватар
Bengali এরু ঈলুvঅতার ?
Bulgarian Cyrillic Илуватар
Chinese 一如稱伊露維塔
Greek Ερυ Ιλυυαταρ
Gujarati ઍરુ ઈલુવતર
Hebrew ארו אילובאטאר
Hindi एरु ईलुवतर
Japanese エル・イルーヴァタール
Kannada ಏರು ಈಲುವತರ
Kazakh Cyrillic Ерұ Ылұватар
Korean 에루 일루바타르
Kurdish ه‌رو یلوڤاتار (Arabic script) Eru yluvatar (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Эру Илуватар
Macedonian Cyrillic Еру Илуватар
Mongolian Cyrillic Еру Илуватар
Nepalese एरु ईलुवतर
Persian ارو ایلوواتار
Russian Эру Илуватар
Sanskrit एरु ईलुवतर्
Serbian Еру Илуватар (Cyrillic) Eru Iluvatar (Latin)
Sinhalese ඒරු ඊලුවතර්
Tajik Cyrillic Еру Илуватар
Tamil ஏரு ஈலுவதர்
Telugu ఏరు ఈలువతర
Thai เอรู อิลูวาทาร์
Ukrainian Cyrillic Еру Ілуватар
Yiddish ערו ילווואַטאַר

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