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Background Information
Type Region
Location North-western Middle-earth
Realms Angmar, Arnor, Arthedain, Cardolan, Eregion, Rhudaur, The Shire, Thorin's Halls
Other Information
Summary Known for being the early home for the Nandor Elves, various tribes of Men, and later the exiled Dúnedain, and the Hobbits of the Shire.
Other names
Inhabitants Elves, various tribes of Men, Dúnedain, Hobbits
Spoken Languages Westron, Hobbitish
Lifespan After the Years of the Lamps -[1]

Eriador was a large region situated in northwestern Middle-earth. It was located between the Blue Mountains (to the west) and the Misty Mountains (to the east).

Description and ClimateEdit

According to The Atlas of Middle-earth, Eriador was about six-hundred miles (approximately 965.5 kilometers) from east to west.[2] It was mostly lowlands. Hill areas were mainly in around the realms of Arnor, the Shire in the center of the region and in the far eastern parts near the Misty Mountains. Plains and bottomlands were in the south and southwestern parts. A plateau area existed in the area where Rivendell and the Trollshaws were located. Eriador was largely made up of scattered woodlands with scrublands in the north and northeastern parts. The rest were short grasslands mainly in the center of the region.[3][4]

The climate was mainly humid with relatively mild to cold winters with a constantly warm and moist prevailing wind blowing over the Blue Mountains. In the northern part, cold and dry prevailing winds blow down from the polar north influencing the climate as well.[5]

Most of the population was concentrated in the center area around Arnor and the Shire[6] and the dominant language was Westron at least by the Third Age.[7]

Its boundaries were:

Important rivers were the Lune (Elvish Lhûn), the Brandywine or Baranduin in Elvish and the Greyflood.


In the Second Age, and possibly much earlier, it was largely forested, but Men cleared the land for farming and the massive old forests never recovered. Much of it was encompassed in the early Third Age by the kingdom of Arnor, which later split into the rival kingdoms of Rhudaur, Arthedain and Cardolan. The Shire occupies part of the former Kingdom of Arthedain, while Bree and its neighbouring villages lie on the border with the former Cardolan. The Barrow-wights dwell within ancient burial mounds constructed in the First Age by the Edain as they journeyed to Beleriand. Other important places in Eriador are Rivendell and the abandoned kingdoms of Eregion and Angmar.

At the beginning of the Second Age, large populations of both regular Men and Dúnedain inhabited the region. There was also a group of Noldorin exiles living in Eregion, near Moria and also located in the western most region of Eriador (and also in Middle-earth) was the High Elven Kingdom of Lindon, once the greatest and mightiest kingdom of Middle earth. Sauron's assault on the Elves of Eregion laid waste to that land, and many of the Elves of the Lindon fell in the War of the Last Alliance .

Even after his fall, Sauron's evil spirit acted through his agents, such as the Witch-king of Angmar, and he also concocted virulent plagues which swept over the land. Between warfare against the surviving Dúnedain kingdoms, the plagues, and the general lawlessness sweeping over the land, the population dropped considerably. The Angmar War turned Eriador into a beautiful, but mostly wild and untamed land, and the only concentration of Elves was either in the valley of Rivendell or Lindon.[citation needed]


Eriador is a Sindarin word that meant 'Lonely land' or 'Lone-lands'.[8]

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዐሪኣዶር ?
Arabic اريادور
Armenian Երիադոր
Belarusian Эриадора
Bengali এরিঅদর
Bosnian Erjador
Catalan Èriador
Chinese (Hong Kong) 伊利雅德
Georgian ერიადორ
Greek Εριαδορ
Gujarati ઍરિઅદોર
Hebrew יריאדור
Hindi एरिअदोर
Japanese エリアドール
Kazakh Еріадор
Kurdish ه‌ریادۆر (Arabic script) Eriador (Latinised)
Kyrgyz Эриадор
Macedonian Ериадор
Mongolian Ериадор
Nepali एरिअदोर
Pashto ېریادور
Persian اریادور
Russian Эриадор
Sanskrit एरिअदोर्
Serbian Ериадор (Cyrillic) Eriador (Latinised)
Siamese (Thai) เอเรียดอร์
Sinhala ඒරිඅදොර්
Tajik Ериадор
Tamil ஏரிஅதொர்
Telugu ఏరిఅదొర
Tigrinya ዐሪኣዶር ?
Ukrainian Еріадор
Uyghur ەرىادور
Uzbek Ериадор (Cyrillic) Eriador (Latinised)
Yiddish עריאַדאָר ?


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Introduction"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, "Introduction"
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Landforms"
  4. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Vegetation"
  5. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Climate"
  6. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Population"
  7. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Languages"
  8. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

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