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Eriador

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Map - Eriador Map of Eriador from The Lord of the Rings Online
Eriador
Location information
Location

Middle-earth

Permanent Resident(s)

Men, Hobbits, and Elves

Behind the scenes
First appearance

The Hobbit

Latest appearance

The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II

Eriador was a large region in northwestern Middle-earth between the Blue Mountains (Ered Luin) and the Misty Mountains.

Description and ClimateEdit

Eriador was about six-hundred miles (approximately 965.5 kilometers) from east to west. It was mostly lowlands. Hill areas were mainly in around the realms of Arnor, the Shire in the center of the region and in the far eastern parts near the Misty Mountains. Plains and bottomlands were in the south and southwestern parts. A plateau area existed in the area where Rivendell and the Trollshaws were located. Eriador was largely made up of scattered woodlands with scrublands in the north and northeastern parts. The rest were short grasslands mainly in the center of the region.

The climate was mainly humid with relatively mild to cold winters with a constantly warm and moist prevailing wind blowing over the Blue Mountains. In the northern part, cold and dry prevailing winds blow down from the polar north influencing the climate as well.

Most of the population was concentrated in the center area around Arnor and the Shire and the dominative language was Westron at least by the Third Age.[1]

Its boundaries were:

Important rivers were the Lune (Elvish Lhûn), the Brandywine or Baranduin in Elvish and the Greyflood.

HistoryEdit

In the Second Age, and possibly much earlier, it was largely forested, but Men cleared the land for farming and the massive old forests never recovered. Much of it was encompassed in the early Third Age by the kingdom of Arnor, which later split into the rival kingdoms of Rhudaur, Arthedain and Cardolan. The Shire occupies part of the former Kingdom of Arthedain, while Bree and its neighbouring villages lie on the border with the former Cardolan. The Barrow-wights dwell within ancient burial mounds constructed in the First Age by the Edain as they journeyed to Beleriand. Other important places in Eriador are Rivendell and the abandoned kingdoms of Eregion and Angmar.

At the beginning of the Second Age, large populations of both regular Men and Dúnedain inhabited the region. There was also a group of Noldorin exiles living in Eregion (Hollin), near Moria and also located in the western most region of Eriador (and also in Middle Earth) was the High Elven Kingdom of Lindon, once the greatest and mightiest kingdom of Middle earth. Sauron's assault on the Elves of Eregion laid waste to that land, and many of the Elves of the Lindon fell in the War of the Last Alliance .

Even after his fall, Sauron's evil spirit acted through his agents, such as the Witch-king of Angmar, and he also concocted virulent plagues which swept over the land. Between warfare against the surviving Dúnedain kingdoms, the plagues, and the general lawlessness sweeping over the land, the population dropped considerably. The Angmar War left Eriador a beautiful, but mostly wild and untamed land, and the only concentration of Elves was either in the valley of Rivendell or Lindon.

EtymologyEdit

Eriador is a Sindarin word that meant 'Lonely land' or 'Lone-lands'.[2]


This page uses content from the English Wikipedia. The original content was at Eriador. The list of authors can be seen in the page history. As with this wiki, the content of Wikipedia is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike License 3.0 License.

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth pgs. 53 & 180-9
  2. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

External linkEdit

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