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Differences Between Jackson's Movies and Tolkien's Books

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OverviewEdit

Any work of the scale of Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings movie screenplay was going to exhibit differences from the source material. While the three movies had a large number of minor and trivial differences from the book, there were quite a few substantial differences as well. These major differences take two forms—1. differences in form; this includes changes made to the story by deleting or adding parts or spreading ideas over a long period of time, and 2. differences in substance, which included changing actual ideas and people in the story to suit the film. Some such changes include the changing of almost all the characters and changing events to reach the same outcome as the book.

The director and writers of the motion pictures faced some significant challenges in bringing Tolkien's work to the big screen. Not the least of these was the enormous scale of the story. The Lord of the Rings is a very lengthy story that was, itself, derived from a fictional universe of prodigious dimensions. In it, an entirely original world of the author's manufacture forms the backdrop of a story with multiple intelligent races (Elves, Dwarves, Hobbits, Ents and Men), their many languages and dialects, a highly developed historical narrative, and a minutely detailed geography of the world that had, itself, changed significantly over time. The result of all this is a level of complexity that is very difficult to apprehend in a screenplay. How does one go about presenting, for example, the historical background of a story that spans an enormous period of history that is outside the scope of the movie to be filmed? The difficulties the writers faced were innumerable, and many compromises to the story were required to successfully adapt it to the medium of film.

Soon after the release of the first movie, controversy began to arise over deviations in the screenplay from Tolkien's own story. Key characters such as Glorfindel and Tom Bombadil were absent, and substantial parts of the story were completely missing. Moreover, characters that were present, such as Elrond, Aragorn, and Gandalf, were substantially altered. The release of The Two Towers took this even further with deviations in character development and major plot elements becoming more significant. Finally, with the release of The Return of the King, more differences appeared and critical plot conclusions were either reduced or removed. The overall effect of the entire movie series was that it told a story that was recognizably that of Tolkien's, but it did so with major thematic and other differences that tended to disappoint his fans. These differences were not, however, of any importance to the movie's target audience— the enormous worldwide movie going public most of whom knew nothing of the story. Despite the differences, The Lord of the Rings motion pictures are beautiful and stunning epic movies that tell a great story in their own right.

The fact that the movies are a great achievement of movie-making is due, in part, to some of the changes that were required for screen adaptation. The most understandable differences in the screenplay from the story are those that were required to contract the duration of the film and keep up its pace. Even with substantial portions of the story excised in the screenplay, the three, extended-edition movies have a combined running time of well over eleven hours, and there is arguably enough material not filmed to make a fourth, extended-length motion picture. Considering the relative unimportance— to general audiences— of the missing material, it was probably a wise decision to not include it. Another important consideration in filming a motion picture is the pace at which the story moves. For example, the Council of Elrond is a lengthy episode in Tolkien's book, The Fellowship of the Ring, in which much historical material and explanations of off-camera events are provided. If this episode had been filmed as written, it probably would have run on over an hour and lost many viewers. Instead, the material was presented in a different way that kept the pace of the movie going along as was required for the medium.

Some differences between the story and the screenplay, however, are less easy to justify. Characters in the screenplay were developed very differently to those in the story, and they were made to do things that seemed contrary to their personalities. Moreover, major differences of theme exist— differences that do not seem to make sense or be entirely necessary for film adaption. For example, the result of the Entmoot in the movie was that the Ents decided not to go to war, but then the writers used what seems to be (in some peoples opinion) a silly and irrational emotional manipulation to get them to do so anyway. It is fair to ask why they could not have just agreed to go to war in the film as they had in the book. Such differences, though unnoticeable to those who had never read the story, tended to disappoint those who had and vitiate their movie going experience. On the other hand, the film's creators stated that the scene had been added to make Merry more than just useless baggage. In that context it succeeded.

Justification of Some ChangesEdit

The director and writers of the motion pictures faced some significant challenges in bringing Tolkien's work to the big screen. Not the least of these was the enormous scale of the story. The Lord of the Rings is a very lengthy story that was, itself, derived from a fictional universe of prodigious dimensions. In it, an entirely original world of the author's manufacture forms the backdrop of a story with multiple intelligent races (Elves, Dwarves, Hobbits, Ents and Men), their many languages and dialects, a highly developed historical narrative, and a minutely detailed geography of the world that had, itself, changed significantly over time. The result of all this is a level of complexity that is very difficult to apprehend in a screenplay. How does one go about presenting, for example, the historical background of a story that spans an enormous period of history that is outside the scope of the movie to be filmed? The difficulties the writers faced were innumerable, and many compromises to the story were required to successfully adapt it to the medium of film.

Soon after the release of the first movie, controversy began to arise over deviations in the screenplay from Tolkien's own story. Key characters such as Glorfindel and Tom Bombadil were absent, and substantial parts of the story were completely missing. Moreover, characters that were present, such as Elrond, Aragorn, and Gandalf, were substantially altered. The release of The Two Towers took this even further with deviations in character development and major plot elements becoming more significant. Finally, with the release of The Return of the King, more differences appeared and critical plot conclusions were either reduced or removed. The overall effect of the entire movie series was that it told a story that was recognizably that of Tolkien's, but it did so with major thematic and other differences that tended to disappoint his fans. These differences were not, however, of any importance to the movie's target audience— the enormous worldwide movie going public most of whom knew nothing of the story. Despite the differences, The Lord of the Rings motion pictures are beautiful and stunning epic movies that tell a great story in their own right.

The fact that the movies are a great achievement of movie-making is due, in part, to some of the changes that were required for screen adaptation. The most understandable differences in the screenplay from the story are those that were required to contract the duration of the film and keep up its pace. Even with substantial portions of the story excised in the screenplay, the three, extended-edition movies have a combined running time of well over eleven hours, and there is arguably enough material not filmed to make a fourth, extended-length motion picture. Considering the relative unimportance— to general audiences— of the missing material, it was probably a wise decision to not include it. Another important consideration in filming a motion picture is the pace at which the story moves. For example, the Council of Elrond is a lengthy episode in Tolkien's book, The Fellowship of the Ring, in which much historical material and explanations of off-camera events are provided. If this episode had been filmed as written, it probably would have run on over an hour and lost many viewers. Instead, the material was presented in a different way that kept the pace of the movie going along as was required for the medium.

Some differences between the story and the screenplay, however, are less easy to justify. Characters in the screenplay were developed very differently to those in the story, and they were made to do things that seemed contrary to their personalities. Moreover, major differences of theme exist— differences that do not seem to make sense or be entirely necessary for film adaption.

In the end, the arguments boil down to opinion - which was better, the book or the movie? This wiki is not a place to express opinion, so the reader must decide for themselves.

Differences of FormEdit

Arrangement of Story ThreadsEdit

Tolkien's story was written in such a way that separate threads eventually emerge for the activities of the various characters. At one time, as many as four threads of the story existed. These threads were organized in such a way that multiple chapters could advance a single thread well along before switching to another. This is especially true of The Two Towers and The Return of the King. The first half of The Two Towers carried forward the events of the Fellowship in the lands of Rohan including the Battle of Helm's Deep, and the second half took Frodo through the Emyn Muil on his journey toward Mordor and ending with his imprisonment in the Tower of Cirith Ungol. The first half of The Return of the King then switches back to the West to tell of the war in Gondor through to the challenge of Sauron at the Black Gate by the lords of Gondor. This allows each thread to expand a substantial amount before switching into another thread.

In the movie, the threads are switched much more frequently, and this is probably a necessity of the medium. One could easily forget the plight of one character while spending much time with another. Moreover, the synchronicity of events was much easier to follow with the frequent switching than it would have been had the screenplay been written as the book. This was definitely a case in which the medium dictated the form.

Timeline Changes Edit

LOTRtimeline

Timeline suggested, positing that there is a one year gap instead of 17 years between Bilbo's 111st birthday and Fellowship.

Frodo's age during Fellowship of the Ring is considerably younger in the film versus the book. In the book he starts his quest at 50, 17 years after Bilbo's 111th birthday and the passing of the One Ring from Bilbo to Frodo. In the film, this gap does not appear to exist, while there is time between the party and Gandalf's reappearance, Frodo's appearance suggests that it is very clearly not 17 years-- while in the book, the Ring prevents its keeper from aging, this effect was not seen with Bilbo, who appears quite a bit older at his party than when he finds the Ring. The film also positions Merry and Pippin as age-contemporaries to Frodo and Sam, a dynamic not seen in the book, where they are quite a bit younger (where Merry is 36 and Pippin is 28). This timeline shift of the trilogy alters other aspects of the film verse timeline, such as the birth year of Aragorn, since he states his age, 87, in Return of the King to Eowyn. (Book Birth 2931 VS Movie Birth 2916)

This change is significant because it explains Thranduil's words to Legolas at the end of Battle of the Five Armies. In the book timeline, Aragorn was only 10 at this time, meaning he was still living in Rivendell and had yet to take up the name Strider. With the revised timeline, Aragorn is 25 during BoFA, five years after he left Rivendell, but 2 years before he goes to fight for Gondor and Rohan, a time when he was living with the Dunedain. This change connects these two film moments into a clear logical timeline.

Missing MaterialEdit

Of a total of sixty-two chapters in the three-volume book set, little to none was filmed from nine of them. These are indicated in red. Another thirty-one chapters had substantial portions left out of the screenplay. These are indicated in blue. The Remaining twenty-two chapters—less than half of the total—had most or all of their material included. These are indicated in green.

The Lord of the Rings
The Fellowship of the Ring The Two Towers The Return of the King
A Long-expected PartyThe Departure of Boromir†Minas Tirith
The Shadow of the PastThe Riders of RohanThe Passing of the Grey Company
Three is CompanyThe Uruk-haiThe Muster of Rohan
A Short Cut to MushroomsTreebeardThe Siege of Gondor
A Conspiracy Unmasked*The White RiderThe Ride of the Rohirrim*
The Old Forest*The King of the Golden HallThe Battle of the Pelennor Fields
In the House of Tom Bombadil*Helm's DeepThe Pyre of Denethor
Fog on the Barrow Downs*The Road to Isengard‡The Houses of Healing
At the Sign of the Prancing PonyFlotsam and JetsamThe Last Debate
StriderThe Voice of Saruman‡The Black Gate Opens
A Knife in the DarkThe Palantír‡The Tower of Cirith Ungol
Flight to the FordThe Taming of SmeagolThe Land of Shadow
Many MeetingsThe Passage of the MarshesMount Doom
The Council of ElrondThe Black Gate is ClosedThe Field of Cormallen
The Ring Goes SouthOf Herbs and Stewed RabbitThe Steward and the King
A Journey in the DarkThe Windows on the WestMany Partings*
The Bridge of Khazad-dûmThe Forbidden PoolHomeward Bound*
LothlórienJourney to the Crossroads‡The Scouring of the Shire*
The Mirror of GaladrielThe Stairs of Cirith Ungol‡The Grey Havens
Farewell to LórienShelob's Lair‡ 
The Great RiverThe Choices of Master Samwise‡ 
The Breaking of the Fellowship  

† - Chapter moved to The Fellowship of the Rings Film
‡ - Chapter moved to The Return of the King Film

* - Not In The Movie

Note: This table is likely to elicit some controversy, so further explanation is in order. The table is intended to show the relative amount of each chapter that appeared somewhere in the three movies. For example, none of the material of 'The Shadow of the Past', which is chapter 2 of The Fellowship of the Ring, appears at that place in the movie. Instead, all of its material is spread out in various places throughout the three movies. Much the same could be said for 'The Council of Elrond'. Decisions about color-coding were based on rough percentages. Red is used when less than about 10% of the material from the chapter appeared in the final, extended-edition movie. Blue is used for up to about 66%. And green is used for more than 66%. In some cases, such as 'The Departure of Boromir', the material was just shifted from one film to another.


Differences of SubstanceEdit

Councilofelrond

The neutrality of this article or section is disputed.
See this article's talk page to discuss.

Difference in Substance describes the change of whole scenes, places and/ or characters. While some of these changes seem trivial they can have a giant effect when all combined together.

Changes in CharacterEdit

In the movie most of the characters where changed from the book to suit the film or to make the characters more likeable or dis-likeable. Some of these changes included making a truthful character a liar, making a kind character a villain, a determined character falling into doubtfulness or even reducing wise lords into raving lunatics. These were all changes made to characters to humanise them and make them more easily understood by people who had only watched the movie and not read the books.

GandalfEdit

In the book, Gandalf is described to be a self-possessed and calculating wizard with full trust in the Valar's workings. However in the movie he is seen to be more worried and more panic-stricken which humanises him as a character. Throughout the movie he progresses and becomes more like his description as given in the book which fits the humanisation of him as humans advance after learning from their errors. It also makes sense that being in human form also makes Gandalf susceptible to such emotions, such as doubt. These changes from panic-stricken to confident occur right after he is sent back by the Valar to accomplish his purpose after defeating the Balrog which fits the idea of total rebirth. But in the film Gandalf is still shown to be weaker than in the book. One example is his defeat at the hands of the Witch-King only to be saved by the Rohirrim while in the books he is shown to ride to the gates of Minas Tirith to confront the Witch-king by himself. This lowers Gandalf's strength as he is said to be a Maia while the Witch-King is essentially just a human ring-bearer. It is a strange inconsistency given Gandalf's triumph over the Balrog, not to mention the various spells he has used throughout the films, some of which may have been useful in such a scenario.

Although note that this change was unjustified considering Gandalf is not human.

ElrondEdit

One of the few remaining Noldorin lords in Middle-earth, Elrond, who is over 6,500 years old according to the book, is there described as being "fair of face as an Elven Lord, as venerable as a king of Dwarves, as strong as a warrior, as wise as a wizard, and as kind as summer." He is also Aragorn's foster-father, and has conferred his blessing on Aragorn's wedding to Arwen, with the one restriction that he must first prove himself worthy by becoming king and defeating Sauron.

In the film, meanwhile, Elrond has despaired of all hope and has lost confidence in Men. His attitude is one of capitulation, and his purpose therefore is simply to quit Middle-earth with as many of his people as possible. His opposition to the marriage between his daughter and Aragorn is taken to the extreme of deceit to prevent her from remaining in Middle-earth. It is only when he fears her outright death that he orders Narsil reforged and then delivers it to Aragorn in person. This is understandable, given that Elrond's wife has already left Middle Earth, and Elrond does not wish to lose his daughter. Throughout the screenplay, Elrond is deeply scornful of men. Isildur's fall was, to his mind, the fall of all Men, and he lacks any confidence in any Man or group of Men save the honor of that kindred.

In a sense, Elrond himself has fallen. His fears dominate him until near the end of the screenplay, and his possessiveness of Arwen leads him to perpetrate a deception upon her. Knowing of her intent to forsake the immortal life and wed Aragorn, he deceives her by willfully withholding crucial information from her while convincing her to break fealty and abandon her betrothed. It took the intervention of the Valar to prevent the success of his deceit. In the end, he surrenders to the inevitable, but in this, too, his demeanor is one of capitulation. Nevertheless, he is visibly pleased as he watches Arwen wed Aragorn, and is content when he is seen at the Grey Havens.

AragornEdit

A man presented by Tolkien as having a singular destiny for which he is prepared by Elrond and toward which he labours throughout his life, the movie version of Aragorn is, instead, an "anti-hero," i.e. a man of doubts turned inward.

This is reflected in the movie in both his apperance and behavior. The most noticeable change in Aragorn is his size; Tolkien writes that Aragorn is at least 6'6" tall-- almost a full foot taller than in the film-- and is "the hardiest warrior in Middle Earth," while movie-Aragorn is defeated by all types, including orcs, women and even hobbits.

Aragorn is also very "keen and commanding" in the book, being possessed of an indomitable will so powerful that Sauron fears him, and "even the shades of men are subject to his will." In stark contrast, movie-Aragorn spends much of his time bowing, and otherwise lowering himself; and accordingly, in the movie Sauron never fears Aragorn having the Ring, but only wants to stop him claiming the kingship.

Rather than his love becoming his source of strength and hope, movie-Aragorn's love for Arwen becomes a weight around his neck, almost literally because of the jewel necklace she had given him. He is full of fears and self-doubt, and he is unwilling to embrace the destiny that had been pronounced over him at birth. He is named Estel, that is 'hope', by the Elves, but he is far from being the hope that they are expecting. The reluctant savior might play well in an anti-hero movie, but it was not the story or character that Tolkien had written. But buried deep there may be a small fraction of hope. Just before the battle of Helm's Deep, he says "There is always hope".

Accordingly, Aragorn does not stay true to Arwen even as she is in the process of forsaking Middle-earth and her oath to him, but flirts unashamedly with Eowyn. Aragorn had previously suggested to Arwen that she take advantage of her chance for a better life in the Undying Lands, and he later tells Galadriel that he would have her take the ship to Valinor, which is possibly a reflection of the doubt he suffers in the movie. In the story, Aragorn's destiny drives him as much as his love for Arwen, but in the movie, it seems that he would have Arwen-- or Eowyn-- without the kingship if he could.

In the movie, Aragorn is portrayed as alone in the world without kith or kin, but in the story he has dozens of kindred, at least, among the Dúnedain, and the sons of Elrond were his especially close friends,--essentially they are his step-brothers. (Note: Elladan and Elrohir, the sons of Elrond, do not appear in the movie.) In the screenplay, Aragorn takes the Paths of the Dead with only Legolas and Gimli, but in the story they are joined by thirty others including the sons of Elrond and one other named man, Halbarad. Aragorn is also not a "horse whisperer" like in the movie; rather, it is Legolas who has this Elvish way with the horses of Rohan.

When Aragorn challenges Sauron with the Palantír: far from wrestling it to his will, as he did in the story, he falls under Sauron's control and is overmastered by him. The jewel of Arwen is destroyed, which signifies the loss of her immortal life, and he is thrown back a defeated man. In the story, his use of the Palantír to reveal himself to Sauron is a brilliant stroke that accomplishes Aragorn's purpose: Sauron is terrified by the sight of the blade that had once defeated him, and he believes that Aragorn has defeated Saruman, and taken the palantir-- and thus the Ring-- for himself! Sauron's doubts and fears thus cause him to miscalculate his preparedness for war, and launch his offensives prematurely. Unlike in the movies, Aragorn never despairs even when his doubts and fears are at their height.

Aragorn's nobility in the films is markedly reduced—he has no qualms about murdering an emissary in cold blood, for instance. He also takes part in a suicide-charge out of spite, rather than remaining and leading his people in certain defeat.

FrodoEdit

Like Aragorn, Frodo also presents a much-weakened version of the book-character, who is the nephew and pupil of Bilbo, and so is is a hobbit-lord who is wealthy and educated, schooled in Elvish lore and all-around adventuring. He is described by Gandalf as "a stout little fellow with red cheeks, taller than some, fairer than most," and "a perky chap with a bright eye," and showing a fondness for food, poetry and general merriment, as well as being middle-aged. In the movie he is quite the opposite of this, being quite young and somewhat frail, glassy-eyed and sullen.

Frodo also resisted the power of the Ring much longer than most others could, was depicted as succumbing to it much more rapidly and was almost completely overmastered by the time he had reached Ithilien. Of his interrogation by Faramir in the book, he could say, "I have told you no lies, and of the truth all I could," while in the screenplay, he told a bald and brazen lie about "the Gangrel creature" that had been seen with him. Even under the strongest influence of the Ring, Frodo never lied in the story.

While it is true that Frodo is eventually so overcome by the power of the Ring that Sam must drive, and eventually carry, him on the Quest, the screenplay causes the loss of his will much more quickly and thoroughly. By the time they reach the top of The Stairs of Cirith Ungol, his wits are so completely scrambled that he does the unthinkable and forsakes Sam on the Quest, believing Gollum's lies. This is one of the most unacceptable plot changes to Tolkien fans because the friendship between Frodo and Sam is the solid road on which the Quest is driven; nor would Frodo be so foolish as to trust Gollum. At no time does Frodo turn on Sam in this way in the book.

Ultimately, Frodo shows no character-depth of wisdom in the movie as in the book, where he grows greatly from his experiences--even to the point that even Saruman shows him great respect and admiration-- but also sad and wounded to the point where he must leave the Shire forever, showing that nothing comes without a price. In the film, however, Frodo is vastly weakened from in he book; and, like the Shire, he remains relatively unchanged by the war; his journey to Valinor is without apparent cause.

SamEdit

Tolkien regarded Sam to be the "chief hero" of the story,[1] and his role was a key one in driving the Quest to completion. The screenplay, however, has Sam actually abandoning his master at a moment of highest danger—a moment where, in the book, came the most tender and poetic scene of the story in which Sméagol was very nearly reformed. The idea that Sam could turn back from the Quest even if so ordered by Frodo is preposterous (in the movie version, Sam was seen walking down the stairs, crying until he accidentally slipped and fell to a cliff where he found the remains of the Lembas Smeagol threw away. Angered, he looked up the stairs). There is no doubt that Sam's love for Frodo would have held him on the road even if he had to follow at a distance. He did not have to do so, however, because Frodo and Sam entered the tunnel of Shelob together in the book, and they fought the terror of Cirith Ungol together—until, of course, Gollum attacked Sam from behind, and so Frodo was overcome by Shelob. Aside from this, Sam was depicted rather faithfully that one wonders why the screenwriters felt the need to deviate so drastically at this crucial moment of the story. This is explained away in the DVD extras where the film makers felt that Gollum should achieve some credibility as an active villain, in causing a rift between Frodo and Sam; however in reality this simply exacerbates Frodo's overall weakness and unsuitability as both the Ring-bearer and the story's protagonist.

FaramirEdit

Faramir is a widely loved character in Tolkien's story. This is due to his wisdom and purity of heart that makes him a great leader and an excellent judge of difficult matters; it is also stated that this is due to the "blood of Numenor" running truer in him (and Denethor) than in Boromir, and which Sam likens to reminding him of Gandalf. Despite his love for his brother Boromir, he is his exact opposite; the Ring had no purchase on him, and he understood its danger, and that it must not come near the White City. He and his men treated Frodo and Sam with courtesy and honor; and even Gollum, when he was captured, received only fairness, and is set free to go with Frodo. Faramir is so wise, in fact, that he realizes that the Ring only came into his grasp as a test of his quality, by some higher power; and he answers that not only would he never take the Ring from Frodo, but that he that he have taken it even if he had found it himself. In the movie, meanwhile, Faramir is so opposite his book-character, that he actually sees himself proving "his quality" by taking the Ring, rather than refusing it. (Why he doesn't simply take the Ring from Frodo, then, defies all logic)

A major departure in the movies is that, rather than assist Frodo and Sam on their quest, Faramir decides to send the Ring back to Minas Tirith, crossing the Anduin and forcing a dubious detour into the journey. However, while tempted by the Ring, he never attempts to claim it for himself. While Boromir tries to take it to defend his country himself, Faramir intends that the Ring would be a gift for his father(although the temptation seems as harsh as it was on Boromir. In the movie version, Faramir, tempted by the Ring, intended to gain personal glory by taking the Ring to Minas Tirith). He also does not react with anger when Frodo refuses to give him the Ring.

A point of confusion likewise erupts when Faramir calls Frodo to the roof of Henneth Anun to ask whether his archers should shoot Gollum; in the book, Faramir already knows about the Ring at this point, and trusts Frodo implicitly; in the movie, meanwhile, Frodo is still Faramir's prisoner at this point, and therefore would have no reason to trust Frodo or ask his advice.

The fact that Faramir and his men brutalized Gollum is another major change from his character in the book, and does not really match his character in the movie either. This is somewhat incongruous to the man that we see in the scenes with his brother. While Faramir's taking the Ring to Osgiliath may be explained by the desire of the screenwriters to have Faramir "grow" in his understanding, as well as create suspense, there is no explanation given for the brutality that he exhibits.

Finally, in the movie Faramir obeys Denethor unerringly, and seeks his approval; in the movie, meanwhile, he defies Denethor, and says that he would never give the Ring to him (in the book, it is Gandalf who says these words, since Gandalf refused the ring himself). However, strangely, Faramir obeys Denethor's request to lead a pointless suicide-run on Osgiliath while Denethor gorges himself at Minas Tirith (in the book, Faramir only loses a third of his company, and the mission was to slow the advance of Grond on the Pelennor, which saved the city; and Denethor likewise watched the battle and launched a sortie from the walls of Minas Tirith to save Faramir's company on its return).

It is likely that these scenes were given to us for the development of Gollum in the film. [In an interview, Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh stated that they changed Faramir's character to fit with the overwhelming power of the Ring. In the books he is impervious to the Ring's power, Faramir had the potential to take the all powerful Ring which corrupts all, and he didn't. The screenplay writers decided that to corrupt Faramir, would fit into the nature of the Ring better.

DenethorEdit

Instead of Tolkien's wise and mighty Lord of Men, with great powers of mind and wisdom, who had simply been overwhelmed by despair, Denethor is turned into an imbecile and madman-- most likely to make the changes to the primary characters look better in comparison.. In him, nobility is reduced to premature and artificial senility. It might be argued that this was done so that there would be no ambivalence about Aragorn's takeover,but the degree and tone of these changes borders on the farcical. For example, to plunge from the Embrasure Denethor would have had to run up two levels and entirely across the city, all the while burning to death. While Denethor was stated in the book to have aged prematurely from his battles with Sauron via the Palantir, Gandalf himself remarks to Denethor that "when you are a dotard, you will die;" and likewise in the film Denethor doesn't have a palantir.

Arwen EvenstarEdit

For some strange reason, the fate of Arwen is tied to the Ring as if its survival, and that of Sauron's, would precipitate her own death. This is obvious, given that Arwen would be unlikely to survive if Sauron regained the ring and conquered Middle-Earth. Fears arose after the first movie that she was to be made into a warrior princess due to her replacement of the character Glorfindel, but then she fell in later movies into a weak and failing elf-maiden. While Tolkien's character was strong, bold, and independent in his story, the screenplay made her over into a frail and dependent child who was easily manipulated by a selfish father. Aragorn's love for her was used by Sauron to strike a blow against him and prevent him from mastering the Palantir to his own will. Despite these flaws, like Aragorn she utters a similar line to his: "There is still hope".

Overall, Arwen's character was reduced from that of a queen-to-be of great wisdom and importance, to that of a television cliche of the female upstart, while imbuing her with the power to raise the river Bruinen, despite that Elrond could only do this through the power of Vilya.the greatest Even-Ring. In the story, Arwen's survival was so vital to the story that her existence and troth to Aragorn was kept secret even from the Fellowship,making her essentially the "Sarah Connor" of the tale, i.e. she was to be the mother of the future lineage of Numenor.

GothmogEdit

He is a minor character in the book, as he was only mentioned once in Siege of Gondor, leading the Morgul army to fall back, following the death of the Witch-king; likewise the Morgul army was mainly made up of men, and therefore Gothmog would be not an orc at all, but a man. In the film, he had a much expanded role. He appeared in the second and third movie, as the Orc General of Siege of Gondor. He got a few famous quotes (for example, "The Age of Men is over. The Time of the Orc has come.", which had later reused by Peter Jackson in The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies.)

Changes by Book/ MovieEdit

The Fellowship of the RingEdit

  • Isildur cut most of the fingers of Sauron in the film, while he only cut the finger which have the One Ring on it in the novel-- and only after Sauron had already been defeated by Gil-Galad, and lay helpless on the field: thus Isildur said that he "struck the enemy his death-blow."
  • In the film, Sauron kills Elendil with a weapon, and thereafter breaks Narsil by stepping on it; in the book, Sauron kills Elendil by burning him to death with his hands while wrestling with him, and Narsil then broke by itself at the death of Elendil.
  • In the prologue, Elrond is shown leading Isildur into the fiery mountain, Mount Doom, and bidding him throw the Ring into the Cracks of Doom; but Isildur refused because "the strength of Men failed," i.e. Isildur falls to the Ring's power. In the book, Elrond and the Elf-lord Círdan standing with Isildur beside their dead, counseled him to take the Ring into the mountain and throw it into the Cracks of Doom near at hand, but Isildur refused, and took the Ring instead as were-gild for the death of his father.
  • In the movie, the mischief of Merry and Pippin in launching Gandalf's best rocket was a fabrication of the screenplay. This did not occur in the book-- or did Merry and Pippin's other misdeeds; for they were not shiftless thieves and miscreants, but young lords in waiting to become the proper rulers of the Shire.
  • In the movie, when Bilbo put on the Ring, he just vanished, much to the shock and dismay of the onlookers. In the book, this was to be a little joke of his, of which Gandalf and Frodo were in the know. Gandalf did not much approve of this because, "magic rings were not to be trifled with." Without Bilbo's knowledge, Gandalf had prepared a trick of his own to provide an explanation for his disappearance. At the moment he vanished, Gandalf threw a blinding flash. In addition to scaring the wits out of Bilbo, who had not expected it, this gave the party goers a "culprit", and Gandalf was blamed by many for spiriting Bilbo away.
  • In the movie, the time between Bilbo's departure from the Shire and Frodo's does not seem to have been much more than a year. The only clue that it might have been longer was the amount Bilbo seemed to have aged when Frodo next sees him in Rivendell, but that aging could have been attributable to his no longer possessing the Ring. Many people assume that it was only a few months in the movie, but that wouldn't explain why Frodo arrives in Rivendell in October (like in the book) after Bilbo's birthday in September. It had to have been at least a year; Gandalf probably returned around Bilbo's 112th birthday in the movie. In the book, their respective departures were separated by a period of exactly seventeen years, and Bilbo did age much more in that time that he would have normally as a result of the loss of the Ring.
  • In the movie, Gandalf's journey included only the trip to Minas Tirith. In the book, that journey was taken for the purpose of finding and capturing Gollum—a quest in which Aragorn aided him. It was only when he despaired of doing so that Gandalf remembered the words of Saruman about the writing on the Ring, prompting him to search for the scroll of Isildur, which might make the finding of Gollum unnecessary. After Gandalf forsook the quest and turned toward the White City, Aragorn found Gollum and bestowed him into the keeping of the Wood-elves as had been agreed between him and Gandalf. (Note: Legolas was a Wood-elf.) On his return from Minas Tirith, Gandalf came to the Woodland Realm and interrogated Gollum. It was from this that Gandalf learned how the Ring had been found by Déagol, of the murder of Deagol by Sméagol (who is Gollum), of the turning out of Gollum by his kin, of Gollum's flight into the subterranean caves below the Misty Mountains, and of his account of his loss of the Ring. From the many things that were said and known, Gandalf also inferred the distant relationship between Gollum's people and the hobbits). This journey by Gandalf took a period of about nine years after which time he returned unexpectedly to Hobbiton to make that final "test" to prove what he already knew—that the hobbit's ring was the Ruling Ring.
  • In the movie, Gandalf openly tells Saruman that the Ruling Ring has been found in possession of the hobbits in the Shire. In the book, Gandalf never reveals this information to him. Saruman must deduce it based on information that he obtains from various sources, and he is never able to find out anything in detail about where, exactly, the Ring might be or in whose possession.
  • In the movie at Bree, Strider is shown drawing a sword that is in one piece. In the book, he bore the shards of Narsil that had been broken when Sauron had been defeated at the end of the Second Age.
  • Having not been captured by the Barrow-wight in the movie, where they had obtained their weapons in the book, some means of arming the hobbits had to be devised. This was accomplished by Aragorn suddenly appearing without explanation with four, conveniently hobbit-sized blades that were given them at Amon Sûl (Weathertop).
  • LIkewise at Weathertop, in the book, Frodo both has the Cardolan sword, and had met Gildor and the other High Elves in the Shire; as a result, he is unable to frighten the Nazgul away with either the sword and the name "Elbereth," which make the Witch-king believe that Frodo had both defeated the Barrow-wights, and was in league with the High Elves; and as a result, the Nazgul did not attack Frodo again, but waited for the Morgul-blade to work its evil spell on Frodo. In the movie, Strider not only manages to drive the Ringwraiths off ridiculously rather easily, but also they do not return to attack; however for some unknown reason, they attack Frodo at the Ford, when logically they should have been able to do so anytime before that.
  • In the book, it was Glorfindel not Arwen who came to rescue Strider and the hobbits from the Nazgul. This is logical, since Glorfindel was an Elven-lord of great power against the Nazgul, and he could ride against all Nine of them at once; meanwhile Arwen was not only powerless against the Nazgul, but her safety was of supreme importance to the story
  • In the movie, the sword Narsil, which is first shown at Rivendell instead of Bree, was in six pieces. In the book, the sword had been broken into two pieces only, and hence could be re-forged; there is no explanation given how a sword could be re-forged from six pieces, short of re-smelting it into an ingot, which would have surely destroyed its powers.
  • In the book, Bilbo does not grab for Frodo's Ring, but simply "put out his hand" to hold it; nor does he or actually turn into an orc-creature while doing so, rather this is only Frodo's perception, due to the Ring's influence causing him to become filled with suspicion and loathing for anyone who might possess it. This is a mis-reading by Jackson, who shows the scene not from Frodo's first-person perspective, but shows it as actually happening.
  • Many stories of what was going on in the world were taken out of the Council of Elrond, which included Legolas telling of Gollum's escape, Gloin telling of the messenger from Mordor, Gandalf revealing Saruman's treachery, and Bilbo and Gandalf telling the history of the Ring. The last two weren't necessary in the film's version of the council because they had already been told earlier in visual format. Likewise, the very fact of Gollum's escape is removed from the film-- which leaves Legolas's presence unexplained, since the book only places him at the Council to report on it, as he was Gollum's guardian once Aragorn had captured him. (This is further confused by Gandalf's telling Frodo of what happened to Gollum in Mordor, since Gandalf could not have known it without capturing and interrogating Golllum) Instead,
  • Bilbo is also removed from the Council of Elrond, when in the book he played a key role; it is quite strange that the one who found the Ring (after Gollum), would be deliberately left absent from the Council that was convened to prove its origins and decide its fate-- particularly when Frodo was Bilbo's greatest concern.
  • At the Council, it is said that they cannot use the Ring, since "it answers to Sauron alone;" this is the central confusion in the plot, i.e. why there was a corrupting temptation to use the Ring against Sauron, if they were unable to do so. However in the book, the Council clearly stated they could use the Ring, but that doing so would also corrupt the user into becoming no better than Sauron (and, Tolkien wrote, worse than Sauron); and so if Elrond, Gandalf or anyone else used the Ring to defeat Sauron. they would have simply become the new Dark Lord.
  • When the Fellowship was at the Gates of Moria, Merry and Pippin threw rocks in to the water and they were stopped by Aragorn. In the book, Boromir threw one rock, and Frodo simply admonished him for it.
  • At the Hollin Gate, Frodo discovers the secret of opening the doors, saying it's a "riddle;" in the book, Gandalf realizes the secret, and he had simply misinterpreted the meaning of the words, in that the door did not read "speak, friend, and enter," but "say 'friend' and enter."
  • When the Fellowship stops in the Chamber of Mazarbul, Pippin accidentally allows a dead dwarf to fall into the well, alerting the orcs to the presence of the Fellowship . In the books, Pippin throws a rock into the well.
  • The uruk Lurtz, who mortally wounds Boromir and is killed by Aragorn, does not exist in the book, Ugluk is the uruk-captain, and he doesn't defeat Boromir alone, but with over 100 other Uruk-hai orc-archers; and it's implied that even they could not have defeated Boromir if he had not been defending the hobbits Merry and Pippin.

The Two TowersEdit

Frodo and SamEdit

  • In the scene at the Black Gate, the movie leaves out Sam's funny little ditty about Oliphaunts, as with most of the book's poetry.
  • Also at the Black Gate, the movie throws in a near disaster in which Frodo and Sam fall down the side of the hill and are almost discovered by the two Easterlings from the unit marching into Mordor. This did not happen in the book.
  • The words of Faramir over the body of the dead Haradrim soldier in the movie were thoughts in the mind of Sam in the book.
  • The personality of Faramir and of the Rangers of Ithilien was substantially altered in the screenplay. In the book, Faramir is quite unlike his brother, and even before he understood that Isildur's Bane from his dream, was actually the Ring, he swore an oath to Frodo to never take it up, or even to desire it to save Gondor. In the movie, when Faramir becomes aware of the enemy's One Ring in Frodo's possession, he decides to take Frodo and Sam to the White City instead of allowing them to pass on their way unhindered. However, unlike his Boromir, he does not claim the Ring for himself. He initially intends the take the Ring as a gift for Denethor. \ Moreover, in the book, he and his men were wise, trustworthy, and kind. When they captured Gollum, they treated him with gentleness and kindness. In the movie, Faramir's men beat and tortured Gollum, treating him with malice and cruelty. This was altogether contrary to the nature of men of Gondor as well as Faramir, who is said orders his men "not to slay anything without need," even a squirrel.
  • When questioned by Faramir in the book, Frodo said, "I told you no lies, and of the truth all I could." In the movie, Frodo lied to Faramir when he was asked about "the gangrel creature" that had been seen with them.
  • In the movie, Frodo, Sam, and Gollum were brought to Osgiliath on the western shore of Anduin, which they could only reach by openly crossing the river exposing them all, and especially the Ring, to capture. In the book, the hobbits and Gollum were sent on their way from Henneth Annûn and were not taken to Osgiliath. After the events at Osgiliath in the screenplay, the three were shown the tunnel, which did not exist in the book, and allowed to take their journey. (In the book, the two parts of the city were joined by a bridge and there was no mention of a tunnel).

Events in the WestEdit

  • Gandalf's battle with the Balrog is told more or less accurately in the movie (except for for the "Peter Pan" element that the Balrog "lost his shadow"), but the tale of it was divided between the prologue and his oral narrative when the three companions met him in Fangorn. In the book, the entire story was told in Fangorn. This is just a difference of sequence. (Note: In the movie, the prologue is depicted as a dream of Frodo's as he lay sleeping on a mountainside in the Emyn Muil). The main difference, is the distance that Gandalf's fall with the balrog: in the film, it seems like a distance of miles; however in the books, it's implied that both Gandalf and the Balrog can be killed by falling, and so the are stated by Tolkien to have only fallen a survivable distance, though it seemed a "long time" to Gandalf.
  • The outcome of the Entmoot in the book was that the Ents chose to go to war, due to information about Saruman that Treebeard learns from the hobbits in kindly conversation; but in the movie, Treebeard is angry and suspicious of the hobbits, twisting Treebeard's book-phrase about "not being hasty;" and so the Ents choose not to go to war. They were later manipulated by Pippin into doing so.
  • The heart-tugging scene of Eothain and Freda fleeing the Westfold and leaving their mother, Morwen, behind does not appear in the book. In the book, Eothain is Eomer's cousin and lieutenant, while Morwen was the mother ofTúrin Turambar from The Silmarillion.
  • The scene about Dwarf women is found in the appendix of the books.
  • The scene of Éowyn's discovery of Aragorn's age and heritage does not occur in the book. In Bree, Aragorn simply tells Frodom "I am older than I look."
  • The screenplay has Théoden sending his people to Helm's Deep for refuge even though that is exactly where he expects the battle to be fought. In the book, he sends them to the greater safety of Dunharrow.
  • In consequence of the above, Éowyn was not at the Hornburg during the battle in the movie. She was at Dunharrow in command of the refugee settlement.
  • The battle between Théoden's force with all of its refugees in tow and the Warg Riders of Isengard did not occur in the book. Théoden's men were not challenged to battle on their journey from Meduseld to the Hornburg. In other words, Snaga the Orc Captain is a movie-only character (though there is an orc named "Snaga" in the book, but at Cirith Ungol.
  • The "loss" of Aragorn over a cliff did not happen in the book, because the battle in which it occurred was not fought. As a result, Aragorn was not separated from Theoden and his men, until he voluntarily chose to take the Paths of the Dead as his road to Minas Tirith.
  • In the movie, Háma is killed when the Warg Riders attack. In the book, he is slain at the gate of Helm's Deep during the Battle.
  • The army of Elves that comes to Helm's Deep in the movie, is otherwise occupied in the book. There, they fight a series of battles to defend Lothlórien from an Orc army that invaded from Dol Guldur and then later to conquer Dol Guldur.
  • In the books Eomer is not banished, but instead only imprisoned by Theoden for trying to kill Wormtongue, and is freed after Wormtongue is overthrown. As a result he is present as Helms Deep and battles alongside Aragorn and the others. It is Erkenbrand, the Rohirrim Commander of Helm's Deep, who shows up alongside Gandalf to lift the siege, along with his army.
  • In the books, Theoden is also not under any kind of spell by Saruman, but simply believes that he is weak and feeble due to the lies of Wormtongue, which made him feel desperate and hopeless.
  • Wormtongue's lies also affect Eowyn, which drive her to suicidal desperation in following the men of Rohan to war. Likewise, Eowyn's identity is not known to Merry or anyone else until she reveals herself to the Witch-king; before this, she is disguised as Dernhelm, who may have been her cousin. 

The Return of the KingEdit

Frodo and SamEdit

  • At the opening of this movie, the story is told of the finding of the Ruling Ring by Deagol and of his murder by Sméagol, who became Gollum. In the movie, the story was a prologue (all three movies have prologues). In the book, Gandalf told the story to Frodo while they were sitting in the comfort of Frodo's parlour at Bag End. (This is in The Fellowship of the Ring chapter 2, The Shadow of the Past.)
  • In the book, Deagal did not fight Smeagol for the Ring; Smeagol was bigger and stronger, and simply throttled Deagal from behind, as he always afterward did to his victims. Rather, the movie made unveiled attempts to make the Ring instantly instill whoever sees it, with irresistible desire and madness. In the book, the Ring was far more subtle; Smeagol was simply ruthless in taking what he wanted, and so was more prone to corruption by it.
  • One of the most unaccountable changes in the story made by the screenplay is Frodo sending Sam away, after Sam offers to carry the One Ring once they had reached the top of the Stairs of Cirith Ungol. This did not happen in the book. Frodo and Sam remained together and did not part until Frodo was taken into the Tower of Cirith Ungol.
  • In the book, Gollum inadvertently destroys the One Ring when he seemingly loses his footing and falls into the Cracks of Doom after finally reclaiming his "precious" from Frodo. In the film, Frodo and Gollum struggle for control of the Ring, causing both of them to fall; Frodo grabs the side of the cliff, but Gollum falls into the lava with the Ring. The change was made because the producers felt that the original events were anticlimatic. Initially, they planned to have Frodo push Gollum off the cliff with the last of his willpower, but they rejected that idea because it looked too much like cold-blooded murder.
  • This is another mis-reading by Peter Jackson. In the book, Gollum does not simply fall into Mount Doom on his own; rather, outside the Sammath Naur, Frodo had used the power of the Ring to order Gollum to be cast into the fire, if he ever touched Frodo (or the Ring) again-- which Frodo had previously warned Gollum that he would do, in perfect foreshadowing; and since the Ring had mastered Gollum long before, Gollum was bound by this command, and thus was cast into the fire after attacking Frodo and taking the Ring. However because Frodo used the Ring's power, he also became mastered by the Ring, as the Council warned; and this is also why Frodo could not destroy the Ring at the very last, while he may have been able to do so otherwise.

In the WestEdit

  • In the confrontation with Saruman in the movie at Isengard, Grima kills Saruman, who then falls and is impaled on the spiked wheel of one of his machines. Grima is then killed by an arrow shot by Legolas. In the book, Saruman survives to nearly the end of the story, and eventually takes up residence in Frodo's own home at Bag End-- which had until then been occupied by Frodo's aunt, Lobelia Sackville-Baggins, and her son Lotho, who is Frodo's cousin, and who becomes the "boss" of the Shire until Saruman orders Wormtonue to murder him. But after Saruman's ruffians are overcome by the hobbits, Saruman is turned out, and tries to kill Frodo; but Frodo orders Saruman's life to be spared, and Saruman finds new respect for him. But upon leaving, Saruman turns and blames Grima for Lotho's murder and kicks him; this treachery pushes Grima's hatred over the top, and he slays Saruman on the threshold of Bag End, and Grima is then slain by some unnamed hobbits before Frodo can stopped them. Because the Battle of Bywater and the Scouring of the Shire did not make it into the films, a means of killing off Saruman and Grima had to be devised, and it was done at Saruman's home at Orthanc instead of Frodo's home at Bag End.
  • Denethor also had a palantir, and used it to warn Gandalf that the quest to Mordor was hopeless, as was any chance of withstanding a siege from Mordor, due to the great numbers of men there. In the movie, Saruman tells them this, using his palantir, but for some reason does not warn Sauron of Gandalf's plan to send to Ring to Mount Doom.
  • In the book, Sauron thinks that Aragorn has the Ring, which is why he sends all of his great forces out of Mordor to the Black Gate in order to destroy Aragorn's tiny army, i.e. to try to overwhelm the Ring's great power. In the film, Sauron inexplicably does this just to avoid Aragorn becoming king, which somehow becomes Sauron's main concern rather than re-claiming the Ring.
  • In the book, at the Black Gate, Gandalf knows that Frodo and/or Sam are still alive, and so he does not surrender to Sauron's terms, but instead continues his act, in order to keep up the ploy that Aragorn has the Ring. In the movie, Gandalf actually believes that Frodo has been captured along with the Ring, and so Gandalf simply orders a charge to commit suicide-- despite the film mocking Denethor for doing the exact same thing just minutes earlier.
  • The character Beregond was completely left out of the movie. Instead, it is Aragorn who attacked by the troll at the Black Gate, while Denethor somehow is so slow in burning himself and Faramir that Gandalf is able to arrive, even after having had his staff broken by the Witch-king.
  • There are 7 Warning beacons of Gondor in the book, while there are at least 11 beacons in the film. The book also has the beacons on hills, not on the tops of the White Mountains; likewise Denethor ordered the beacons lit before Gandalf arrived at Minas Tirith, but he refuses in the film; they were also not used to summon Rohan in the book, but simply to summon forces from the outer areas of Gondor.
  • Arwen briefly forsakes her promise to Aragorn and departs Rivendell on the westward journey. In the book, she remains true to him even to the point of making for him a token of hope of his coming victory - a jeweled banner that was to become the standard of his royal house, and which Aragorn used to summon the Army of the Dead, and which her brothers (i.e. the sons of Elrond) bring to Aragorn at The Paths of the Dead.
  • The Army of the Dead play no part in breaking the Siege of Gondor; and in fact they were not "invincible," as the movie claims, but were entirely powerless, except to instill fear of the dead; and so Aragorn ordered them to simply terrify the enemy forces south of Gondor to abandon their ships and flee far southward, while Aragorn commandeered the ships, and released the Dead from their oath, since they would have been ineffective against the forces which were under Sauron's will.
  • In the book, upon Aragorn's returning from the confrontation with Saruman, the sons of Elrond, Elladan and Elrohir, along with thirty of the Dúnedain led by Halbarad, meet Aragorn and fought beside him as a special elite force for the remainder of the story. This included their being with him, Legolas, and Gimli when they took the Paths of the Dead. On their journey from Rivendell, they had brought with them a banner that had been made for Aragorn by Arwen in hope of his victory. In the movie, there was no such group of men. No sons of Elrond were ever mentioned, and no Dúnedain. Rather, the object that was brought from Rivendell was not a flag but the reforged sword of Isildur, and it was brought by Elrond himself.
  • In the movie, the King of the Dead attacks Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli when they are following the Paths of the Dead and tried to prevent them from escaping. In the book, the king and his soldiers were eager to fulfill their oath so they could rest in peace.
  • In the book, the Paths of the Dead took the Grey Company through the Morthrond Vale to the Stone of Erech, where the King of the Mountains swore allegiance to Isildur. People lived in the Morthrond Vale and were terrified of the dead. In the movie, it was entirely underground and they were in and out very quickly.
  • On their journey from their muster at Dunharrow to Minas Tirith, the Rohirrim, in the book, encountered Ghân-buri-Ghân, the leader of the Drúedain. It was from him that Théoden learned that the main road to the White City was held against them by the army of Mordor, but that there also told about a hidden road through the forest that would not only give them a covered approach to the city, but would also place them near the walls of the city well inside the rearguard of the Orc army. In the movie, the Rohirrim simply go to Minas Tirith and show up there on the grasslands of the Pelennor Fields. There is no Orc army on the road to avoid, and there are no forest people from which to receive aid.
  • In the book, Aragorn uses the Army of the Dead to terrify the Corsairs to abandon the Umbar ships, and Aragorn takes them over loading them with allies of Gondor-- whom he brings to assist Eomer in the Battle of the Pelennor. In the movie, he brings the Army of the Dead itself, a fact which caused an article on the CNN website to list the battle both among the best in the movies and among the worst (before and after the arrival of the Dead Army respectively).
  • Gothmog the Orc was killed by Aragorn and Gimli, while Gothmog's fate in the book is left unknown-- while it is also unlikely that Gotmog is even an orc.
  • In the movie, Sauron's armies are chiefly orcs, except for those who ride the Oliphaunts;  in the book they are chiefly men, while orcs are fairly useless in battle. In the movie, meanwhile, Oliphaunts are fairly useless and easily slain, while in the book they are virtually invulnerable, and horses would not go near them; likewise the movie made orcs far superior to men in combat.
  • Likewise, in the book, Mordor was filled with likely hundreds of thousands of men, while in the movie is only ten thousand orcs.
  • In the movie, the conversation between Eowyn and the Witch King on the Fields of Pelennor is significantly changed from the book's version. The version in the book is one of the best examples of Tolkien's dialogue and many fans were disappointed to see it cut so dramatically.[1Likewise, in the movie, Eowyn does not reveal herself to be a woman to the Witch-king until after she kills him, which seems like gloating; meanwhile in the book, she reveals herself before that, which causes the Witch-king to draw back in doubt, reconsidering the prophecy that "no living man" could kill him; he is only overcome by rage, when Eowyn kills his steed.
  • In the movie, Meriadoc Brandybuck is immediately aware that it is Éowyn who takes him up on her horse. The book has him unaware of who she is until the point of her revealing her identity to the Witch-king of Angmar; until then, she appears to be a young man of Rohan, and goes by the name Dernhelm. The screenwriters felt that this wouldn't work in a movie, that it would make Merry appear foolish not to realize something that would be obvious to the audience (the notion of not making it obvious to the audience, never seemed to have struck the screenwriters, who seemed to abhor mystery, and preferred to spoonfeed the audience every detail in advance).
  • In the movie, Merry disables the Witch-king with his Cardolan sword, which was forged and enchanted long ago by the enemies of the Witch-King; in the film, there is no explanation of how Merry was able to kill him, when he had survived a massive flood earlier. Though the Exended Edition does show Galadriel giving Merry and Pippin Elvish daggers, there's no explanation of why these would be deadly to the Witch-King either.
  • In the book, Denethor also recognized Pippin's sword as being a cardolan sword, since he is the master of lore in Minas Tirith; in the movie Denethor makes no such observation, since it isn't a cardolan sword; however he makes no observation that it is an elven-sword, either.
  • In the book, Théoden doesn't recognize that Dernhelm is indeed Éowyn,  while in the film he talks to Éowyn before his death (in the book he talks to Merry, and dies without realizing that Eosyn is nearby.).
  • In the movie, Merry fights at the battle at the Black Gates, whereas in the book, he is at the Houses of Healing, recovering from the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, due to his falling under the Black Breath.
  • In the book, Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth comes to aid Minas Tirith during its siege, in answer to Denethor's lighting of the Beacons. In the movie, there was no Dol Amroth force, because the Beacons only summoned Rohan.
  • In Battle of the Black Gate, The Mouth of Sauron was killed in the film. In the book, he claimed that he was ambassador and that he could not be assailed; and Aragorn didn't kill him, but sent him back to Mordor.
  • In the book, the Ringwraiths' deaths were due to the destruction of the one Ring and the fall of Sauron; in the film, they were hit by fireballs from the explosion of Mount Doom.
  • The Scouring of the Shire was completely left out, since Saruman and Grima were killed already in the start of the film (or, in the theatrical version, left to stay in Isengard under Treebeard's watch).
  • In the book, Pippin looks into Saruman's palantir, causing Sauron to see him, and believe him to be the Ring-berarer, captured by Saruman and forced to look into the palantir as torment; and so Sauron sent Nazgul to Orthanc in order to collect the Rig from Saruman. Then when Aragorn looked into Saruman's palantir, Sauron surmised that Aragorn had defeated Saruman and taken the Ring for himself; and so Sauron speculated that Aragorn took the Ring to Minas Tirith, since that is what Sauron himself would have done. This is why Sauron attacked Minas Tirith immediately,i.e. in order to try to take it by force; likewise, Gandalf takes Pippin to Minas Tirith to keep him away from the Palantir. In the film, Merry tells Pippin that Sauron thinks he has the Ring, and will be looking for him, which is why Gandalf takes him to Minas Tirith.
  • After this, in the movie Sauron forgets about the Ring entirely, and focuses entirely on Aragorn simply because he's the heir of Isildur.

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