The Dúnedain (singular: Dúnadan) were Men descended from the Númenóreans who survived the fall of their island kingdom (Númenor) and migrated to Eriador in Middle-earth, led at first by Elendil and his sons. They were known as the Men of the West and the Men of Westernesse (direct translations of the Sindarin term). They settled mainly in Arnor and Gondor, but during the Third Age only in the Gondor-region.
The term Dúnedain designated the "Edain of the West", the Númenoreans, although the term came out of use amongst the King´s Men and came to denote especially the descendants of the Elendili, the númenorean Colonists in Arnor and Gondor or Dúnedain of the North and Dúnedain of the South. The Noble Families of high-blood continued to consider themselves Dúnedain while they denominated the mixed-blooded common people as "lesser Dúnedain" or Tergil (Haeranedain in Rhudaur).After the fall of Arnor and then Arthedain, some of the northern Dúnedain became the Rangers of the North in Evendim. The surviving Dúnedain population of Arnor retreated to the Angle south of Rivendell. In the meantime the southern Dúnedain intermarried more and more with so-called Middle Men, except in some regions (such as Dol Amroth).
During and even before the War of the Ring, Dúnedain Rangers went through a variety of different duties. Some were stationed around the Shire, protecting it from the forces of darkness. Others simply patrolled the northern lands, hunting and defeating any enemies they found. In general, Dúnedain Rangers mainly took care of themselves and of lands of the Free Peoples, though if they were called upon to battle (by Gondor or some other land in need) they were quite willing to do so.
Rangers used a variety of weapons to achieve victory in battles. Non-canonical information hints that they preferred bows and archery as their primary weapons, though this is not always the case (Aragorn, for example, used a sword). They also used swords to engage in close combat if necessary. The Dúnedain mainly rely on stealth as an advantage rather than an actual face-to-face confrontation. It is also hinted that their battle skill was greater than that of a standard Gondorian soldier or archer.
Direct descendants of the Dúnedain are known to live longer than normal Men. A good example is Aragorn who, in the movies, tells Éowyn he is 87 years old, although he appears to be relatively young. (It is said that Dunedain live three times longer than normal Men; that would translate to appx. 150-180 years of average lifespan, given normal human lifespan of 50-60 years (Life span similar to that of the Middle-Ages, not that of modern times). It is possible with the blood of the Dúnedain renewed by Aragorn and Arwen's marriage that some generations thereafter would experience lifetimes similar to that of the generations following Elros - between 400 and 500 years of life--however, Aragorn did have the longest uninterrupted reign of all his descendants.
The Westron name for Dúnadan was simply Adûn, "westerner", but this name was seldom used. This name was reserved to those Númenóreans who were friendly to the Elves:
Tergil (Sgl."Targil" Q."Tarkil") or Torfiriath were the descendants of Dúnedain who had intermarried with other peoples (usually middle-men).They were also known as Lesser Dúnedain.Most Gondorians and many Eriadorians and Umbareans would be considered Tergil.
The Black Númenóreans did not use the Sindarin or Quenya terms but called those "lesser Black Númenóreans" whose blood had mingled with lesser Men "Banadûnaim" (Ad. "Half-Númenóreans").The largest part of the Umbareans, Bellakarani, Anbalukkhôri and Zimrathânians were such Banadûnaim. The others, were hostile to the survivors of the Downfall and were known as the Black Númenóreans.
Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor Edit
Before the foundation of Arnor there was already a sizable Númenórean population living there, a result of the slow emigration of Númenóreans which had started under Tar-Meneldur and Tar-Aldarion. Before the arrival of the Dúnedain, Arnor was home to Middle Men of Edain stock, and the early colonists soon interbred with the indigenous population.Tergil (Sgl."Targil" Q."Tarkil") or Torfiriath were the descendants of Dúnedain who had intermarried with other peoples (usually middle-men).They were also known as Half-Numenoreans.Most Gondorians and Arnorians would be considered Tergil.Tar-Aldarion Lond Daer, under the name Vinyalondë, or 'New Haven', was founded by Númenor's crown prince Aldarion on the estuary of the river Gwathló in the early Second Age. It was the first permanent settlement of the Númenóreans in Middle-earth. From here Aldarion's "Guild of Venturers" began harvesting the local timber for the shipbuilding industry of Númenor.By the time of the War of the Elves and Sauron in the middle of the Second Age, this 'New Haven' had become very well established, and its name had shifted over the intervening one thousand years to 'Lond Daer', the Great Haven. As such, it was one of the two beachheads of the Númenórean forces in Eriador that were used to support the elves around SA 1700.Lond Daer's shipyards were starved of timber following the war, as the forces of Sauron had burnt almost all of what remained in Enedwaith and Minhiriath.Following this, Lond Daer was once again renamed, being now one of several major ports in Middle-earth, and was known as Lond Daer Enedh, or 'Great Middle Haven'. Despite this, Númenor still maintained traffic on the Gwathló as far as the city of Tharbad. Umbar was a realm to the far south of Gondor in Middle-earth where Men lived, and in during the Great Years was known for the sea-faring Númenóreans who reigned there in the havens that were builts during the reign of the Kings in Numenor. Umbar became a base from which Númenórean influence spread over Middle-earth. It was at Umbar that the last King of Númenor, Ar-Pharazôn the Golden, landed in SA 3261, to challenge Sauron. Pelargir was built in SA 2350. During the years of Númenor's fall it became the chief haven of the Faithful as they migrated to escape the persecution they faced from the King's Men. WhenAfter the Downfall of Númenor 58 years later, Umbar remained in the hands of the Númenóreans, in essence a Realm in Exile alongside Arnor.
Númenor finally fell the city of Pelargir became a part of the newly founded Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor.
As Arnor and Gondor's power grew, Pelargir became the home of its navy.
Realms in Exile Edit
Realms in Exile also known as the Kingdoms of the Dúnedain was the collective name for Arnor and Gondor, the North-Kingdom and South-kingdom of the Dúnedain in the Westlands of Middle-earth. Both Kingdoms were founded in S.A. 3320 by High King Elendil, and his sons who ruled Ithilien and Anórien. Arnor occupied a central part of Eriador.
Dúnedain Edit Edit
The Dúnedain (singular: Dúnadan) were the Men descended from the Númenóreans who survived the fall of their island kingdom (Númenor) and came to Eriador in Middle-earth, led at first by Elendil and his sons. They are also called the Men of the West and the Men of Westernesse (direct translations of the Sindarin term). They settled mainly in Arnor and Gondor.
Lesser Dúnedain Edit Edit
Some Dúnedain while they denominated the mixed-blooded common people as "lesser Dúnedain" or Tergil.Tergil (Sgl."Targil" Q."Tarkil") or Torfiriath were the descendants of Dúnedain who had intermarried with other peoples (usually middle-men).They were also known as Lesser Dúnedain.Most Gondorians and Arnorians would be considered Tergil.
The People of Middle-earth