HistoryEditOn their quest to Mount Doom, the Nine Walkers attempted to cross the Redhorn Pass, lying beneath the slopes of Caradhras, and linking the former Ñoldorin realm of Eregion (Hollin) in the west to the Dimrill Dale and hence the Vale of Anduin in the east. After the fall of Khazad-Dum, this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lothlórien and Rivendell.
Caradhras was one of the Mountains of Moria, the three mountains under which the great Dwarf palace of Khazad-dûm was built. Caradhras was also the only site in Middle-earth where Mithril could be mined. But mining ever deeper into the roots of the mountain in search of mithril, the dwarf miners also unwittingly awakened the Balrog of Moria.Caradhras was called the Cruel by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation. The Redhorn Pass (also called the Redhorn Gate) was known to be treacherous and was used by hobbits migrating from Gladden Fields into Eriador. Because of its proximity to the Gladden Fields, it is possible that the River-folk may have passed through the Redhorn Pass. And it was here that Celebrian, the wife of Elrond, was captured by orcs, making it doubly significant to the trilogy.
Caradhras was a Sindarin word that meant "Caradh-" [Red], "ras" [horn]. Caradhras is Barazinbar in Khuzdul, the language of the Dwarves, where its morphemes are "Baraz" and "inbar", although it is not entirely clear from the text whether Baraz derives from a dwarven ancestor or the mountain itself.
Portrayal in adaptationsEdit
Lord of the Rings film trilogyEdit
In Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring film, the Fellowship is trying to cross Caradhras in a blizzard, Saruman utters enchantments in Quenya from the top of Orthanc in Isengard to prevent them from crossing the mountain by causing massive boulders to plummet down from the mountain and lightning to strike the mountain, sending a mass of snow cascading down and burying the Fellowship. This differs from the book, in which it is suggested that an ancient evil born from the mountain itself was sending the foul weather to hinder the group's passage; or that it could have been the work of Sauron, from afar. Gandalf himself responds to Aragorn's questioning of Sauron's reach, to which Gandalf says, "It has grown long."
In popular cultureEdit
- The trailer music company, Two Steps From Hell, made a song called "Caradhras" on one of their public albums, Archangel.
- The Austrian black metal band, Summoning made a song called "Caradhras" on their 2013 album "Old Mornings Dawn".
Places of Middle-earth and Arda
Forests & Mountains:
The rest of Arda: