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Caradhras

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Alan Lee - The Redhorn Gate
Caradras
Background Information
Type Mountain peak
Location Misty Mountains
Realms Eriador
Capital
Founded/Built
Ruler
Other Information
Summary
Other names Redhorn, Barazinbar[1]
Inhabitants
Spoken Languages
Lifespan

Caradhras, also called the Redhorn, and Barazinbar was one of the mightiest peaks in the Misty Mountains.

DescriptionEdit

Caradhras was one of the Mountains of Moria, the three mountains under which the great Dwarf palace of Khazad-dûm was built. It was also the only site in Middle-earth where Mithril could be mined. But mining ever deeper into the roots of the mountain in search of mithril, the dwarf miners also unwittingly awakened the Balrog of Moria.[2]

Caradhras was called the Cruel by the Dwarves and had long had a bad reputation.[1] The Redhorn Pass (also called the Redhorn Gate) was known to be treacherous and was used by Hobbits migrating from Gladden Fields into Eriador. Because of its proximity to the Gladden Fields, it is possible that the River-folk may have passed through the Redhorn Pass.

HistoryEdit

Third AgeEdit

In TA 2509, Celebrían, the wife of Elrond, passed through Redhorn Pass and was and captured by Orcs.[3]

After the fall of Khazad-dûm, this pass was predominantly used by elves travelling between Lorien and Eriador.

On their quest to Mount Doom, the Nine Walkers attempted to cross the Redhorn Pass, lying beneath the slopes of Caradhras, and linking the former Ñoldorin realm of Eregion (Hollin) in the west to the Dimrill Dale and hence the Vale of Anduin in the east.[1]

EtymologyEdit

The name Caradhras means "Redhorn", from the Sindarin words carad ("red") and ras ("horn").[4] In Khuzdul, it is known as Barazinbar, from baraz ("red") and -inbar ("horn").

Portrayal in adaptationsEdit

Lord of the Rings film trilogyEdit

Fotr0946

The Fellowship going through the high snow banks

In Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring film, the Fellowship is trying to cross Caradhras in a blizzard, Saruman utters enchantments in Quenya from the top of Orthanc in Isengard to prevent them from crossing the mountain by causing massive boulders to plummet down from the mountain and lightning to strike the mountain, sending a mass of snow cascading down and burying the Fellowship. This differs from the book, in which it is suggested that an ancient evil born from the mountain itself was sending the foul weather to hinder the group's passage; or that it could have been the work of Sauron, from afar. Gandalf himself responds to Aragorn's questioning of Sauron's reach, to which Gandalf says, "It has grown long."

In popular cultureEdit

  • The trailer music company, Two Steps From Hell, made a song called "Caradhras" on one of their public albums, Archangel.
  • The Austrian black metal band, Summoning made a song called "Caradhras" on their 2013 album "Old Mornings Dawn".

Translations around the worldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Hungarian Vörös-fok

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter III: "The Ring goes South"
  2. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, III: Durin's Folk
  3. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B: The Tale of Years (Chronology of the Westlands), "The Third Age"
  4. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:

Provinces/Regions:

Dunland | Ithilien | Rohan | Arnor | Ettenmoors | Gondor | Lindon | Minhiriath | Rhûn | The Shire | Mordor | Harad | Forochel

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Old Forest | Redhorn Pass | Tower Hills | Weather Hills

City/Fortifications:

Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Helm's Deep | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno

Miscellaneous:

Cair Andros | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Buckland | Enedwaith | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Fords of Isen | Weathertop | Argonath

The rest of Arda:

Valinor | Númenor | Dark Land | Aman | Tol Eressëa

External linkEdit

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