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Círdan

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Tengwar Círdan

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Cirdan by moumou38
Círdan, by moumou38

Círdan

Biographical information

Other names
Nowë
Titles
The Shipwright, Lord of the Falas, Lord of Balar, Lord of the Grey Havens
Date of birth
YT ?
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Still alive, sailed into the West sometime during the Fourth Age
Realms ruled
Spouse
Presumably none
Weapon

Physical description

Race
Culture
Gender
Male
Height
Very tall
Hair color
Silver, bearded
Eye color
Voice
Character

Círdan, also known as Nowë and Círdan the Shipwright, was a Telerin Elf (of which he was one of the wisest princes), a great mariner and shipwright in Middle-earth.

Círdan was the lord of the Falas and then of the Balar during much of the First Age, one of the wisest and perhaps the mightiest of the Moriquendi. He was the bearer of the Great Ring Narya, which he in turn gave to Gandalf.

He was kin to both Elwë and Olwë. He may have also been related to Elmo, the lesser known brother of Elwë. However, Tolkien never defined exactly how the Círdan and Thingol were related.

Thus, he is one of the oldest beings alive in Middle-earth as of the beginning of the Fourth Age, aside from Tom Bombadil, Treebeard and, possibly, several other Ents. As the Ents were of the Children of Ilúvatar, they might or might not have awoken in Middle-earth at the same time as the Eldar. Nevertheless, the two were uncommonly ancient and uniquely revered among their races.[1]

BiographyEdit

First AgeEdit

Awakening of the ElvesEdit

In the First Age, Círdan was a ruler of a host of the Teleri under Elwë, and during the long wait in Beleriand he fell in love with the sea. When Ulmo returned for the Teleri, Círdan and his followers remained behind, partially because of their love for Belegaer, and partially because of his kinship with Elwë, who was lost. After Elwë returned and became King Thingol, Círdan ruled the Falathrim of the havens of Eglarest and Brithombar, although he seemed to have accepted Thingol's overlordship. Later he became an advisor and friend of Finrod Felagund, Lord of Nargothrond, although the Falas remained independent.

The shipwright by wollemisiss-d7xib8x

Círdan in a earlier age, by Szilvia Szarvas

Wars of BeleriandEdit

Círdan was early on warned by Ulmo not to attempt a crossing to Valinor, and his mariners restricted their work to the coasts of Middle-earth. However, at the request of King Turgon of Gondolin, he later built several messenger ships to sail to Valinor to request help from the Valar against Morgoth. All these missions failed, and only one survivor ever returned. After the havens of the Falas were destroyed by FA 474, Círdan was instrumental in setting up the refuges at the Mouths of Sirion and the Isle of Balar, to which he retired for the remainder of the age. It was on this isle that he built the great ship Vingilot for Eärendil.[2][3]

Second AgeEdit

In the Second Age, Círdan stayed behind when the Elves were summoned to Valinor, and set up the havens of Forlond, Harlond and Mithlond in the destroyed land of Lindon (anciently Ossiriand). Círdan's exact status during that time is unknown, but it seems certain he served as lieutenant of Gil-galad, the last High King of the Ñoldor of Middle-earth. Círdan is mentioned as receiving the ships of the Númenóreans as they returned to the north of Middle-earth, and also as being one of the only two elves (along with Elrond) who stood beside Gil-Galad during his last battle with Sauron.

Third AgeEdit

Galadriel recieves the Ring

Círdan receives Narya

From the Third Age after the fall of Gil-galad and the beginning of the Age of Men, Círdan remained at the Grey Havens of Mithlond where he was lord, and built ships which ferried the departing Elves to Valinor. Círdan had possession of the Great Ring Narya, but when the Wizards or Istari arrived in the early Third Age he recognised Olórin's wisdom, and gave him his ring.

Círdan remained active behind the scenes, sending counsellors to the White Council at Rivendell, but following the War of the Ring he was seen to have prepared the ship that ferried across the other Ring-bearers: Gandalf, Elrond, Galadriel, Bilbo, and Frodo in the last year of the Third Age. It is uncertain whether he left Middle-earth himself on the same ship: he is not mentioned as boarding, and later letters by Tolkien imply he remained behind. There are contradictory references to the Fate of the Elves of Middle-earth scattered throughout Tolkien's works, and it may be that Círdan's role as a facilitator for elves returning to the Blessed Realm continued for some time.[1] There is one line that says that Círdan would remain until the last ship set sail for the west.

CharacterEdit

Círdan had a beard, which is rare for Elves; but he was of great age at the time of the War of the Ring: perhaps the oldest Teleri Elf, or indeed the oldest of all the elves remaining in Middle-earth, because he was one of the elves who woke up near Cuiviénen and therefore had no father. Círdan had silver hair, like his overlord and kinsman Thingol.

EtymologyEdit

Círdan was a Sindarin word that meant 'Ship-maker'. His original name was probably Nowë and the Quenya form of his name is Ciryatan. This name is not Sindarin and probably an archaic form of it, or possibly Common Telerin, with uncertain meaning. It may be related to the term nowo meaning "think, form idea, imagine."[1]

Portrayal in adaptionsEdit

Lord of the Rings film trilogyEdit

Cirdan

Círdan in the Return of the King film

In the Lord of the Rings movie trilogy by Peter Jackson, Círdan briefly appears in the first and third movies, played by Michael Elsworth. His role as lieutenant of Gil-galad is given to Elrond instead (Elrond was Gil-galad's herald in the books) in the first movie. He does, however, appear very briefly in Galadriel's Monologue at the start of the first movie, in the very brief shot of the three elven ring bearers, and at the end of the third movie when Frodo, Galadriel, Elrond, Gandalf and Bilbo board the ship at the Grey Havens and Círdan (beardless in this adaptation) can be seen standing in the background.

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
  2. The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Realms-Before the Great Defeat"

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