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This article is about the husband of Lúthien. For the Steward of Gondor, see Beren.

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Beren-0
Beren by EKukanova

Beren

Biographical information

Other names
Camlost, Erchamion
Titles
Lord of Ladros, Lord of Tol Galen, the Elf
Date of birth
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
FA 466 (First), FA 503 (Final)[3]
Realms ruled
Maiden name
Weapon

Physical description

Race
Men (or Gnome[5])
Gender
Male
Height
Tall
Hair color
Dark
Eye color
Blue
Actor
Voice
Character

Beren, also called Beren Erchamion, was a man of Middle-earth, and a hero whose romance with the Elf Lúthien was one of the great stories of the Elder Days that were told for many ages after he lived.

BiographyEdit

Beren and luthien-0

The encounter of Beren and Luthien by Marinela Mexi

Early life in DorthonionEdit

Beren was an Edain (a man), the son of Barahir and Emeldir the man-hearted. He was a man of the royal House of Bëor of Dorthonion, and the most accomplished hero and adventurer of the First Age. The battle of the Dagor Bragollach befell during his youth, bringing about the ruin of his kingdom. The young Beren lived with his father and eleven loyal followers in the highlands of Dorthonion, and the thirteen of them performed many acts of bravery, to the great frustration of Morgoth, the Dark King of Angband. After the ruin of the Outlaws of Dorthonion and the death of his father, Beren lived alone in Dorthonion off the land and came to know the many birds and beasts that lived there, and they helped him when he needed it. During this time, he hunted nothing and ate no meat and only killed the creatures of Morgoth that roamed the country. He learned not to fear death only captivity and bondage; however, things began grow more difficult for him in Dorthonion for Morgoth put an even greater price on his head and he was forced from the land of his birth by Sauron and Draugluin. He crossed into Doriath, through the forests of Dungortheb, where he saw and fell in love with Lúthien, princess of the Sindar and daughter of Thingol and Melian.[6]

The Quest for the SilmarilEdit

Court of Thingol

Beren and Luthien in the Court of Thingol by DonatoArts

Thingol haughtily refused to give Lúthien's hand in marriage. He said that he would allow the marriage to take place only if Beren brought back a Silmaril from the Iron Crown of Morgoth. The task was intended to be impossible, but Beren and Lúthien, with the aid of Finrod of Nargothrond and Huan the Great Hound (both of whom died protecting Beren), braved many perils (even besting Sauron, then Morgoth's most powerful lieutenant) and captured a Silmaril. However, as they escaped from Angband, the great wolf Carcharoth, whom Morgoth had personally bred, awoke. Beren held out the Silmaril, hoping that its radiance would avert the beast, but he was mistaken. Carcharoth bit off his hand swallowed it and the Silmaril (thus Beren was called Erchamion, One-hand), and proceeded to run rampant through Doriath. Lúthien and the unconscious Beren were rescued by the Eagles of Manwë. When he presented himself to Thingol, he demonstrated to him that he had obtained, then lost the Silmaril at the cost of one of his hands; he was then given the name Camlost, Empty-handed. Beren participated in the hunting of Carcharoth, where the beast was slain and the Silmaril recovered; the quest was accomplished, but in the process Beren was mortally wounded.[6]

Second lifeEdit

Mortal life immortal love by GustavoMalek

Beren lies dying in Lúthien's arms, by Gustavo Malek

Lúthien's love for Beren was so strong that, upon hearing of his death, she lay down and died. Her soul went to the Halls of Mandos, where she managed to charm Mandos into granting her a wish. Both she and Beren were miraculously restored to life, but both of them would live as mortals and die the death of Men, and go beyond the walls of Arda to a place unknown. Thus Beren and Lúthien lived again, and dwelt on Tol Galen in the middle of the river Adurant in Ossiriand. There they stayed apart from other mortals; Beren was involved with the events of the First Age only one further time, when he waylaid a group of dwarves who had destroyed Doriath and stolen the Nauglamír (and the Silmaril with it).[6]

Lúthien bore Beren a son, named Dior, Thingol's heir, considered to be one of the fairest beings to ever live, for in him flowed the blood of men, of elves, and of the Ainur. Through his descendants, the blood of Beren and of Lúthien was preserved among the Eldar and the Edain.[6]

LegacyEdit

Beren's deeds inspired all the peoples opposing Morgoth to unite themselves into a greater force to vanquish his power resulting in the valiant but doomed Union of Maedhros.[7] His romance and love for Lúthien Tinúviel and what he was willing to do to ensure it helped foster greater respect for men amongst the elves. He was also the first to mix the blood of elves and men with each other and this bloodline continued, siring the Númenórean nobility[8] and the Dúnedain alike on up to Aragorn II Elessar of the Reunited Kingdom.

EtymologyEdit

In Noldorin, the name Beren means "Bold".[9]

His epithets, Erchamion ("one-handed") and Camlost ("empty-handed"), both contain the Sindarin word cam ("hand").[10]

WeaponsEdit

As an outlaw in Dorthonion, Beren used Dagmor and a bow to aid him in his journey.[4] Later, he carried a knife called Angrist, which he used to cut the Silmaril from the Crown of Morgoth.

House of BëorEdit

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Bëor the Old
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Baran
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Belen
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Boron
   
   
   
   
   
   
Baranor
   
   
   
   
   
   
Beldir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Boromir
   
   
   
   
   
   
Bereg
   
   
   
   
   
   
Belemir
   
   
Adanel
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Andreth
   
   
   
   
   
   
Bregor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Beren
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Bregolas
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Barahir
   
   
Emeldir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Baragund
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Belegund
   
   
   
   
   
   
Beren Erchamion
   
   
Lúthien
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Morwen
   
   
Húrin
   
   
Rían
   
   
Huor
   
   
Dior
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Nimloth
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
TúrinUrwen Nienor
   
   
Tuor
   
   
Idril
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eärendil
   
   
Elwing
   
   
Eluréd
   
   
Elurín
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elros
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elrond
   
   
Celebrían
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Númenor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Lords of Andunie
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elendil
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Isildur
   
   
   
   
   
   
Anarion
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Arnor
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Gondor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Chieftains of
the Dúnedain
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Aragorn
   
   
   
   
Arwen
   
   
Elladan
   
   
Elrohir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eldarion
   
   
   
   
   
   
Daughters


Inspiration and evolution of characterEdit

The story of Beren and Lúthien, though mentioned only briefly in The Lord of the Rings, was a central part of the legendarium. Tolkien once referred to it as "the kernel of the mythology" [11]. He went on to say that it "arose from a small woodland glade filled with 'hemlocks', which he visited while serving in the Humber Garrison in 1918 (during World War I).

Tyr, a god of Norse Mythology, was a possible literary inspiration for Beren's loss of his hand to the wolf.

When Tolkien died in 1973, he was buried in Wolvercote Cemetery (North Oxford). The inscription on his gravestone reads:

JOHN RONALD REUEL TOLKIEN Beren 1892 - 1973

The name of Lúthien also appears on the stone of his wife Edith:

EDITH MARY TOLKIEN Lúthien 1889 – 1971

Other versions of the legendariumEdit

In the earliest version of the legendarium, Beren was going to be human, but Tolkien erased over the original versions and wrote over much of the text. The details of the original version of the story are little known.[12]

In the written draft, and published version Beren was changed to a Gnome (a Ñoldorin Elf), son of Egnor (which might have been an early name for Aegnor).[13] According to Beren and Lúthien Egnor and Egnor (Aegnor) are two separate persons. It treats Barahir and Egnor bo-Rimion as two separate persons (there is no explanation given, other than his father changed concepts of Beren's race over time). But due to Christopher's plan to avoid too much editorial influence, he doesn't 'fix' or edit Beren's race to be consistent between different chapters of the story, but retains whatever race his father had used at the time of wring each section of the story for what he considers the 'continuous and standalone story' derived from all the sources.

Some of the artwork included in the book (all of which is drawn by Alan Lee) seems to reflect Beren's interchanging Elven ancestry - in particular the cover artwork, which appears to portray a scene from The Tale of Tinúviel with Beren, Lúthien, and Huan.

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic በረን
Arabic بيرين
Armenian Բերեն
Belarusian Cyrillic Берен
Bulgarian Cyrillic Берен
Cambodian បេរេន ?
Chinese (Hong Kong) 貝倫
Dari ب هرهن
Georgian ბერენ
Greek βερεν
Gujarati બેરેન
Hebrew בירין
Hindi बेरेन
Italian Beren
Japanese ベレン
Kannada ಬೆರೆನ್
Kazakh Cyrillic Берен
Korean 베렌
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Бэрэн
Macedonian Cyrillic Берен
Marathi बेरेन
Mongolian Cyrillic Бэрэн
Nepalese बेरेन
Pashto بېرېن
Persian بهرهن
Punjabi ਬੇਰੇਨ
Russian Берен
Sanskrit बेरेन्
Serbian Берен (Cyrillic) Beren (Latin)
Sinhalese බෙරෙන්
Tajik Cyrillic Берен
Tamil பெரெந்
Telugu బెరెన
Thai เบเรน
Tibetan བེརེན
Ukrainian Cyrillic Берен
Urdu باران ?
Uyghur بەرەن
Uzbek Берен (Cyrillic) Beren (Latin)
Yiddish בערענ
Lord of Ladros
Preceded by
Barahir
Beren Succeeded by
None (Title abandoned)
FA 460FA 464 ?

ReferencesEdit

  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. IV: The Shaping of Middle-earth, chapter VII: "The Earliest Annals of Beleriand"
  2. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XI: The War of the Jewels, Part One: The Grey Annals
  3. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XI: The War of the Jewels, Part Two: The Later Quenta Silmarillion, XIV: " Of the Coming of Men into the West"
  4. 4.0 4.1 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. III: The Lays of Beleriand, chapter III: "The Lay of Leithian"
  5. In Beren and Lúthien (2017) his race switches back and forth at different chronological points in the story, due to fragmented nature of the source material, and its different stages of evolution. Christopher Tolkien chose to limit any editorial influence to the story to fix any discrepancies.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIX: "Of Beren and Lúthien"
  7. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XX: "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  8. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth (The Downfall of Númenor)
  9. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. V: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"
  10. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  11. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 165
  12. Beren and Lúthien
  13. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, chapter X: "Gilfanon's Tale: The Travail of the Noldoli and the Coming of Mankind"


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