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Belegost was one of two Dwarven cities located in the Blue Mountains during the First Age in Middle-earth.[1]

HistoryEdit

Belegost was one of the seven great kingdoms of the Dwarves.[2] With her sister realm, Nogrod, Belegost was dug deep beneath Mount Dolmed in the Blue Mountains in the Ages of Stars.

Amongst the Dwarves of Belegost were the finest smiths and stone-carvers in Middle-earth. In their armourer's halls they made many bright weapons and were the first people to forge chain-mail. The Dwarves of Belegost traded with the Sindar Elves of Beleriand and supplied them with weapons of incomparably tempered steel; furthermore these Dwarves carved the stone chambers of Menegroth. One of their payments for these services was Nimphelos, a great pearl.[4]

In the First Age, the Dwarves of Belegost and their lord, Azaghâl, won great fame in the War of the Jewels. In the Nírnaeth Arnoediad, the Dwarves alone could withstand the heat of the Dragon-fire because being a race of smiths were used to great heat and on their helms they wore masks of steel. Their axes too that they forged were strong enough to hold the Dragons in check. Though Azaghâl was slain, he wounded Glaurung, the Father of Dragons and the Dragon brood fled the battleground, all the way back to Angband.[5] The Dwarves of Belegost were asked by the Dwarves of Nogrod for aid in their war against Doriath, but were refused.[6]

At the end of the First Age, Belegost was ruined in the War of Wrath, and around the fortieth year of the Second Age, the Dwarves of the Blue Mountains began to migrate to Khazad-dûm, abandoning Nogrod and Belegost.[7]

Although a great many Dwarves did indeed emigrate across Eriador some forty years after the war to join with Durin's folk in Khazad-dûm, the mountains and flatlands north and west of the Little Lhûn remained Dwarf country. It seems likely that those who lived there stayed politically independent from Khazad-dûm, despite presumably much reduced circumstances: the seven Rings of Power given to seven Dwarf-lords during the Second Age, for example, are analogous with the Dwarves' seven clans, amongst whom the Firebeards and Broadbeams are numbered.

Additionally, one of Tolkien's earlier maps, as shown by Christopher Tolkien in The Treason of Isengard (and echoed in Karen Wynn Fonstad's Atlas of Middle-earth), still shows Belegost in the Ered Luin in the time of the Third Age, indicating that Belegost may have survived the upheavals of the Second and early Third Ages, or that at least a more recognizable mansion had persisted there than at Nogrod.

Inhabitants Edit

In the twelfth volume of The History of Middle-earthThe Peoples of Middle-earth, an essay appears entitled Of Dwarves and Men which sheds some light on the people of Belegost. Circumstantial evidence given there suggests that the Dwarves of Belegost were unrelated to Durin's Folk, the Longbeards that appear in Tolkien's better-known work, and instead belonged to a different clan, either the Firebeards or the Broadbeams. The word-order used there suggests that Belegost was founded by the Broadbeams, while nearby Nogrod was populated by the Firebeard clan.

EtymologyEdit

Belegost was a Sindarin word for "mighty or great fortress". Its name in Westron was Mickleburg and the Khuzdul name for it was Gabilgathol.[8]

Translations around the worldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic በለጎስት
Arabic بيليغوست
Armenian Բելեգոստ
Belarusian Cyrillic Белегоста
Bengali বেলেগস্ত
Bulgarian Cyrillic Белегост
Burmese ဗေလေဂောသ္တ္ ?
Chinese (Hong Kong) 貝磊勾斯特
Georgian ბელეგოსტი
Greek βελεγοστ
Gujarati બેલેગસ્ટ
Hebrew ביליגוסת
Hindi बेलेगोस्त
Japanese ベレゴスト
Kannada ಬೆಲೆಗೊಸ್ಟ್
Kazakh Белегост (Cyrillic) Belegost (Latin)
Korean 베레 고스트
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Бэлэгост
Laotian ບເຣເgໂຊຕ ?
Macedonian Cyrillic Белегост
Marathi बेलेगोस्त
Mongolian Cyrillic Белегост
Nepalese बेलेगोस्त
Pashto بېلېګوست
Persian بهلهگوست
Punjabi ਬੇਲੇਗੋਸ੍ਤ
Russian Белегост
Sanskrit बेलेगोस्त्
Sinhalese බෙලෙගොස්ත්
Serbian Белегост (Cyrillic) Belegost (Latin)
Tajik Cyrillic Белегост
Tamil பெலோகோஸ்ட்
Telugu బెలెగోష్
Thai เบเลกอสต์
Ukrainian Cyrillic Белеґост
Urdu بالیگوسٹ ?
Uzbek Белегост (Cyrillic) Belegost (Latin)
Yiddish בעלעגאָסט
Dwarven Realms of Middle-earth throughout the Ages
Years of the Trees Amon Rûdh | Belegost | Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad | Nogrod | Nulukkizdîn | Blue Mountains
First Age Amon Rûdh | Belegost | Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad | Nogrod | Nulukkizdîn | Iron Hills | Blue Mountains
Second Age Khazad-dûm | Belegost | Nogrod | Mount Gundabad | Blue Mountains | Iron Hills
Third Age Grey Mountains | Iron Hills | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain | Blue Mountains | Dunland
Fourth Age Glittering Caves | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain | Blue Mountains | Grey Mountains | Iron Hills


ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Silmarillion (inside cover), "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. 2.0 2.1 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, X: "Of Dwarves and Men"
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Languages"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter X: "Of the Sindar"
  5. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XX: "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXII: "Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  7. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, "Refugee Relocation"
  8. The Silmarillion, Index of Names