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Battle of the Black Gate

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Battle of the Black Gate
The Black Gate fight
Aragorn leads the Host of the West into battle.
Conflict: War of the Ring
Date: March 25, 3019
Place: The Morannon (near the Dagorlad plain), built across the Cirith Gorgor pass, entrance to Mordor.
Outcome: Decisive Gondor and Rohirrim victory, final defeat of Sauron.
Combatants
Gondor
Rohan
Great Eagles
Mordor
Rhun
Harad
Commanders
Aragorn
Éomer
Gandalf
Imrahil
Gwaihir
Legolas
Gimli
Sauron
Mouth of Sauron
Khamûl
Strength
Book: About 1,000 cavalry and 6,000 infantry plus the Great Eagles.
Film: Anywhere from a few hundred to a few thousand soldiers of Gondor and Rohan, plus six Great Eagles.
Book: At least 60,000 orcs, Easterlings and Southrons +8 Nazgûl and unknown number of trolls.
Film: One Black Númenórean, eight Nazgûl and 10,000 Orcs, 15 Trolls, 5000 Easterlings, 3000 Haradrim at least, but possibly more.
Casualties
Light to Moderate, 20-30% of troops Complete destruction of creatures of Sauron, all Nazgûl, the Mouth of Sauron (film only), nearly all of the Easterlings and Southrons killed, and an unknown number surrendered.
War of the Ring

Balin's TombDurin's TowerAmon HenFords of IsenNear FangornCair AndrosHornburgIsengardIthilienOsgiliathDaleLórienMirkwoodPelennor FieldsBlack GateDol GuldurBywater

"We have not the Ring. … Without it we cannot by force defeat his force. But we must at all costs keep his Eye from his true peril. We cannot achieve victory by arms, but by arms we can give the Ring-bearer his only chance, frail though it be. … We must push Sauron to his last throw. We must call out his hidden strength, so that he shall empty his land. We must march out to meet him at once. We must make ourselves the bait, though his jaws should close on us. … We must walk open-eyed into that trap, with courage, but small hope for ourselves."
Gandalf, The Return of the King, "The Last Debate"

The Battle of the Black Gate, that is, the Battle of the Morannon, was the final major battle during the War of the Ring. It resulted in the ultimate defeat of Sauron not by victory on the battlefield, but by the means of the destruction of the One Ring by the hobbit Frodo.

HistoryEdit

BackgroundEdit

After the victory of the Free Peoples in the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, the enemy retreated to Mordor. Sauron was defeated but he still had thousands of orcs at his disposal in Mordor. He was aware that the One Ring was somewhat close to the vicinity of his territory, but he did not know that the Hobbit Frodo Baggins and his companion Samwise Gamgee had entered Mordor via the Morgul Vale with the intention of destroying the Ring.

Plot against the Dark LordEdit

After the Last Debate, the Men of the West assembled the Host of the West, 9,000 strong, and led by Aragorn marched on the Black Gate as a diversionary feint to distract Sauron's attention from Frodo and Sam, who were carrying the One Ring through Mordor to be destroyed in the fires of Mount Doom. It was hoped that Sauron would think Aragorn had the Ring and was now trying to use it to overthrow him in Mordor.

BOTBG-ROTK
The Host of the West surrounded by orcs of Mordor.

MusteringEdit

Initially, the Host of the West had been composed of 7,000 infantry and 2,000 cavalry making it a total original strength of 9,000, but a strong guard was left to guard the crossroads. Before they reached Ithilien they were ambushed by Haradrim and Easterlings, but they drove them away easily with no casualties.

Then, as they approached Dagorlad, some of the farmers of Lossarnach and Rohan were too afraid to continue to pass the Desolation of the Morannon. Aragorn dismissed the faint-hearted, ordering them to liberate Cair Andros on the river Anduin. This resulted in the departure of an estimated 2,000 men, leaving Aragorn with 7,000.

Parley with the Mouth of SauronEdit

Before the battle began, the Black Gate opened slightly, letting out a small embassy. At the head was Sauron's highest servant, the Black Númenórean called the Mouth of Sauron, who had been sent from the Barad-dûr to speak with the Captains of the West. In response, Gandalf demanded that the Dark Lord's armies disband and that Sauron never return to those lands.

The emissary then brought forth several items that had belonged to Frodo and Sam (Sam's sword, an Elven cloak, and Frodo's Mithril shirt). With these things, he tried to trick Gandalf into believing Sauron held Frodo captive. The Mouth threatened that Frodo would be tortured if the Host of the West did not agree to Sauron's terms of the Host of the West's withdrawal. Gandalf, however, refused to be swayed into trusting the words of the dark servant. He then took the items from the Mouth and sent him away.

Amazed and angered at what he had heard, the Mouth of Sauron rode back to the Black Gate, opening it, and then the forces of Sauron, including innumerable orcs and other beasts (such as Trolls), marched out of the gates. At the same time, more of Sauron's forces that had been hidden in the surrounding hills around the Black Gate came forth, thus surrounding the Host of the West. Sauron's army outnumbered that of the West by at least ten to one.

The BattleEdit

Against the Host of the West was arrayed all of Sauron's hordes of orcs, Trolls, and barbarian Mannish allies such as the Easterlings and Southrons (Haradrim). An exact count is not given of the number of Sauron's forces, but it is said that they were "ten times and more than ten times" greater than the Host of the West, making it a force of at least 60,000. Sauron's forces surrounded the Armies of the West on three sides, with the Easterlings on the left flank, the Orcs held the center, and the Haradrim on the right. The Armies of the West always had cohesive stability within their center and kept the Enemy from breaking through by force of numbers. The solid infantry squares of Gondor infantry beat off their inferior Orcish opponents while the Rohirrim cavalrymen staved off the archers of the Harad. The small force of Easterlings launched a quick attack before being repulsed by the armies of Gondor and Rohirrim while the larger Haradrim force slowly retreated to the hills. By now, pressure had eased off of the flanks of the Armies of the West, who smashed into the lines of the Orc-host, slowly beating them off and forcing a retreat back through the Black Gate (though not without suffering sizable losses of their own).

Fell-Beasts
The Fell-Beasts going over The Black Gate for battle.
Alex LioceAdded by Alex Lioce

During the course of the battle, the remaining eight Nazgûl attacked the Army of the West. The Great Eagles of the Misty Mountains, led by Gwaihir the Windlord, arrived and attacked the Ringwraiths. That was when Frodo put on the One Ring and Sauron realized that Frodo was inside Mount Doom.

The Fall of Barad-dûr and SauronEdit

The Nazgûl immediately left the battle to intercept Frodo. Before they could get there however, Gollum bit the Ring off Frodo's finger and danced with joy accidentally falling into the Crack of Doom, destroying the Ring, and Sauron's power was overthrown.

For.frodo
Aragorn leads the army of the West as he charges into battle.
KingAragornAdded by KingAragorn

The Nazgûl had been flying over Mount Doom just as it underwent a gigantic volcanic eruption, and they were all destroyed in the firestorm. Barad-dûr, the Black Gate, and the Towers of the Teeth collapsed to ruin. The Orcs and other creatures of Sauron were completely directionless with the Dark Lord's demise and were easily defeated and destroyed by the remaining troops of the Host of the West. The Easterlings fought on stalwartly, though eventually many threw down their weapons and surrendered (later to be sent home in peace by Aragorn).

"I am glad you are here with me. Here at the end of all things, Sam."
Frodo, The Return of the King, "Mount Doom"

The Rest of the BattleEdit

Despite the destruction of Mordor and its armies, the fighting against Sauron's remaining forces would continue in the northern theater of the War of the Ring for several weeks, notably at Dol Guldur in Mirkwood and at Lonely Mountain (Erebor), but the power of Sauron, the Dark Lord of Mordor, was no more.

Months later, the Battle of Bywater in the Shire against Ruffians men led by Saruman, and the subsequent killing of Saruman by Wormtongue who then was slain, ended the War of the Ring.[1][2]

Portrayal in adaptationsEdit

The Battle in the FilmsEdit

"Draw out Sauron's armies. Empty his lands. We will march our full strength on the Black Gate."
Aragorn

In Peter Jackson's The Return of the King the Slag Hills are absent, as is Imrahil. The confrontation with the Mouth of Sauron was cut, though in the extended edition of the film it was put back in, but with Aragorn decapitating the Mouth of Sauron in anger (in the book the Mouth of Sauron rode back to Cirith Gorgor).

In Jackson's version, the Mouth at first seems angered by what Gandalf says, but then regains his stature and speaks in a mock-friendly manner, calling him "Old Greybeard". He tells Gandalf that he has "a token he was bidden to show" and then takes out Frodo's mithril vest and throws it at Gandalf. He seems to be getting enjoyment out of seeing the shocked and horrified faces of Frodo's friends. Seeking to hurt Gandalf even more, he begins lying about how Frodo suffered greatly before dying, and smiles when a tear runs down Gandalf's face.

At this, Aragorn approaches on his horse. The Mouth of Sauron seems spiteful towards Aragorn, saying that "It takes more to make a king than a broken elvish blade". He's then beheaded by Aragorn, an action which shocks Gimli, causing him to say sarcasticly, "Well, I guess that concludes negotiations!" Aragorn then turns around, saying he does not believe that Frodo is dead. At this point, Sauron's eye moves towards the Black Gate. The Mouth of Sauron's death was never shown in the book, but rather left his fate unknown.

Originally, Aragorn was going to fight Sauron, who was to appear in a bright blinding light in the form of Annatar, and then was to turn into the armored Sauron from the prologue of the first film, at which Aragorn and Sauron would begin to duel. This idea was later dropped to stay more consistent with the battle in the novel; instead Aragorn fights a troll in the film. In another difference from the book, Merry fights in the battle, while in the book he remained in Gondor.

In the movie, during the last debate Gandalf makes it clear that there are a force of ten thousand orcs at the Black Gate, but the army of Men of the West is still unknown, possibly 500 because when one looks at the circle, the Men of the West seem to have about 500 men. The battle starts after Aragorn killing the mouth of Sauron. He gives an epic speech to the small force of men then gets off his horse and they prepare for battle. A force of 10,000 orcs surround the Men of the West who after having Aragorn run towards the enemy lines charge bravely into the orcs. Despite having only about 300 soldiers of Gondor and 200 Rohirrim they kill many orcs while sustaining light casualties, although it later becomes clear that unless the Ring is destroyed they will be completely wiped out as their casualties start getting heavy. When Aragorn is being stepped on by a troll the One Ring is destroyed and the forces of Mordor were almost completely destroyed with only a few hundred fleeing (the aforementioned troll being one of the first to take flight.

ReferencesEdit

  1. The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, "The Field of Cormallen"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth pg. 154

External linkEdit

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