The stronghold and old fortress of Dol Guldur was established in the year TA 1000, which was originally known as Amon Lanc (meaning "Bald Hill"), and it was the capital of Oropher's Silvan Elves. After that, followed the return of the Dark Lord Sauron in Middle-earth. And, Sauron hid his identity disguising himself as the Necromancer of Dol Guldur, just like a mortal man. After Sauron took over command of Amon Lanc, the Silvan Elves were defeated. Thranduil, son of Oropher, led his people over the Forest River towards Mirkwood, where they remained for hundreds of years, and Dol Guldur became a ruin.
The Council of the Wise long feared the Necromancer might indeed be Sauron, and in the year TA 2063, Gandalf, the Grey Wizard among the Five Wizards, went to Dol Guldur to investigate, but Sauron, who was not yet powerful, fled to Mordor before the Wizard could find out the truth. During the Watchful Peace, Sauron returned to Dol Guldur in the year TA 2460, the same year as the One Ring was found by Sméagol. However, the Ring disappeared with Sméagol under the Misty Mountains. Sméagol was fallen by the Ring during that period.
In TA 2845, Thráin II, son of Thrór, father of Thorin Oakenshield, King of Durin's Folk, and holder of the last of the Seven Rings of the Dwarves, was imprisoned in Dol Guldur's dungeons. Five years later, Gandalf returned to Dol Guldur, finding the dying Thráin, and Gandalf was entrusted with the map and key to give to Thorin II, although Thráin could not tell him his own or his son's name before he died. After Thráin's death, Gandalf confirmed that Sauron was the master of Dol Guldur at that time.
Gandalf returned to the White Council and urged an attack on Dol Guldur. Saruman spoke against this, having fallen into corruption and was actively searching for the One Ring in the area by then. But to his dismay, Saruman learned that Sauron was searching there too. Again Gandalf urged the Council to attack while Sauron was still regaining his power. Saruman now assented to this, feeling that Sauron should no longer be allowed to search for the Ring in that area. In TA 2941, Saruman finally agreed to attack Dol Guldur, which occurred at the same time as The Quest of Erebor. This was carefully planned by Gandalf, so that Sauron and Smaug could not assist each other during this attack. 
Not much is known of the actual battle (if this was simply a duel between great powers, or if it involved the use of army weapons) besides that the White Council marched against the great fortress. Some facts are mentioned, in that Sauron gave back before the Council due to the devices of Saruman as Gandalf states. Sauron's army was heavily wounded. While Sauron was forced to fly to Mordor, his plans to rule Middle Earth had long been prepared, and he had anticipated that the White Council would eventually drive him out.
It is unclear if the Council actually ever entered the fortress because Dol Guldur remained after the attack was still staffed by the Orc lieutenant of Barad-dûr, and later Khamûl, the Lord of Ringwraith after the Witch King's death, until the fortress was destroyed during the War of the Ring. With victory of the attack, Gandalf immediately left the White Council for the Lonely Mountain, to aid Thorin's company, where he would take part in the Battle of the Five Armies.
Portrayal in adaptationsEdit
The Hobbit film trilogyEdit
The Attack on Dol Guldur appears in The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies as one of the main plots, besides Smaug's attack to Lake-town and the gathering for battle at the Lonely Mountain. After Gandalf was defeated and captured after facing Sauron in The Desolation of Smaug, the White Council (Galadriel, Saruman, Elrond and Radagast the Brown) came to his aid and faced Sauron/Necromancer and The Nine (Nazgûl).
In The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies, Gandalf is seen using his magic to escape his cage with Radagast also chanting spells in Rhosgobel to support his fellow wizard. But Gandalf is interrupted by an Orc chieftain, who scorns the wizard for using spells in his master's domain. He roughly tosses Gandalf out of his cage and demands to know the whereabouts of the Ring of Fire, which Sauron is somehow aware of. Gandalf lashes the Orc in the mouth with a chain. Unfazed, the Orc examines Gandalf's hand and discovers Narya. The Orc prepares to cut it off, but some other power stops him in his tracks. Galadriel emerges and commands the Orc to stand down or else... "I will destroy you". When he roars in defiance, Galadriel raises her arm and unleashes a deadly light that dissolves the Orc and rents the sky for miles. She bears Gandalf away in her arms, and Sauron calls out to her in Black Speech. He specifically chants the verse referring to the rings of power, which Galadriel finishes in the Westron "Nine for mortal men doomed to die". She and the unconscious Gandalf are surrounded by the spectral forms of the Ringwraiths/Nazgûl.
Seemingly startled, Galadriel retreats to a dais where she protects Gandalf. Sauron warns her that she cannot fight the darkness, especially if she is alone. Galadriel answers that she is not alone. Elrond and Saruman arrive on the scene and fight all of the Nine. Elrond seems to use his Ring of Power along with his Elven-sword in dueling the Nazgûl. Saruman uses ninja-like skills involving his staff and magical bursts to beat the Ringwraiths. The two of them attempt to dismember the Nazgûl and knock them off the fortress walls, although the wraiths keep regenerating. Amidst the fighting, Galadriel heals Gandalf by kissing him on the forehead, although doing so seems to take its toll on her. Radagast arrives on his rabbit sled and hastily escorts Gandalf out of the fortress. Gandalf begs her to join him, but after hesitating she willfully commands Radagast to take Gandalf away. Elrond and Saruman inflict enough damage against the wraiths that they are forced to retreat. Galadriel lies prone on the floor.
Sauron himself emerges as his silhouette erupts in the form of a flaming eye. He bears down on the Council and the Nine are summoned again. Saruman is alarmed at the sight of Sauron, while Elrond raises his sword. The Dark Lord declares their time is up and sends the Nazgul forth to finish them off. Using her last ounce of strength, Galadriel rises and enters her spiritual/ethereal form, like she did in The Fellowship of the Ring when Frodo presented her with the Ring. She holds aloft the Phial of Eärendil, which instantly blazes with light and the Nazgul dissipate immediately.
Galadriel and Sauron engage in a short but heated battle, trying to dominate each others mind. Sauron tries to sway her, but she defies him with scornful words. Sauron's silhouette begins to fluctuate, constantly revolving and reshaping as Galadriel assaults his spirit. The outcome is that Galadriel is able to penetrate Sauron's mind and issues a single command "Go back to the void from whence you came!" Unable to resist her any longer, Sauron screams and flees. But Galadriel is rendered weak after their strife and falls back; Elrond rushes in to support her. Once he is cast away, Elrond states that he must be permanently destroyed and Gondor should be warned. Saruman instructs him to take the severely weakened Galadriel to safety and to leave Sauron to him, hinting at his downfall in The Lord of the Rings.
Extended version Edit
In the extended cut, the Orc brute attempts to interrogate Gandalf about the whereabouts of the three Elven Rings, which Sauron is looking for. Gandalf however whips the Orc across the face with a chain, and the Orc grabs Gandalf's hand and examines it. Sure enough, Narya the ring of fire reveals itself on Gandalf's finger. The Orc prepares to cut it off, but he is forcibly stopped by Galadriel. As the orc rounds on her, she gives him a verbal warning to stand down. The Orc snarls and Galadriel unleashes her magic, which brutally rips apart the Orc's body.
There is some further footage of Elrond and Saruman fighting the wraiths.
Behind the ScenesEdit
According to the Official Movie Guide to The Battle of the Five Armies, in coming to Gandalf's aid, Galadriel has to grapple with the seductive power of the Necromancer to draw other beings into a void of darkness, despair and decay. She has to summon every particle of her strength to resist and, in doing so, we see Galadriel’s incredible power and realize that — but for the finesse and strength of her spirit — how quickly power for goodness could be turned to evil.” Blanchett also says Galadriel "uses the language of the enemy".
Galadriel's spectral form is revealed by designer Daniel Falconer to be a reference to "an Elf revealed in wrath". This is taken from a passage in The Fellowship of the Ring, Many meetings, where Gandalf tells Frodo about the power of the Eldar. Those Elves who have dwelt in the blessed realm have great power against the seen and unseen (the physical and spiritual realms). The ethereal form Galadriel takes is the film's representation of her wrath-form. Galadriel's duel with Sauron also alludes to another passage in The Fellowship of the Ring, The Mirror of Galadriel, where Galadriel states that she can perceive Sauron's mind, while he is unable to do the same because Galadriel states the door is still closed. This is given a visual representation in the film. Rather than cast magic at Sauron, Galadriel opts to challenge him on the spiritual plane; she resorts to her Wrath form to penetrate Sauron's mind and break his will. She obviously succeeds, as Sauron audibly cries aloud as he flees.
The commentary on the DVD suggests that both Elrond and Saruman must have spiritual power of their own in order to fight the wraiths. Since ghosts cannot by be harmed by conventional weapons, Elrond is clearly using some other power to supplement his sword.
It is expected that The Three Guardians of the Elven Rings run into some kind of fight with the Nazgûl. Galadriel and Saruman, until now, are expected to have an intense confrontation with Sauron. All three of the Elven rings can be spotted in the sequence, but only Nenya is given prominence.
Translations around the WorldEdit
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Afrikaans||Aanval op Dol Guldur|
|Albanian||Sulmi ndaj Dol Guldur|
|Amharic||ዾል ጙልዱር ላይ ጥቃት ?|
|Arabic||هجوم على دول غولدور|
|Armenian||հարձակվել է Դոլ Գուլդուր|
|Azerbaijani||Dol Guldur hücum|
|Basque||Dol Guldur aurkako eraso|
|Belarusian Cyrillic||Атака на Дол Гулдур|
|Bengali||দোল গুলদুর হামলা|
|Bosnian||Napad na Dol Guldur|
|Bulgarian Cyrillic||Атака на Дол Гулдур|
|Burmese||ဍောလ္ ငုလ္ဒုရ္ အပေါ်တိုက်ခိုက်|
|Cambodian||ការវាយប្រហារលើ Dol Guldur ?|
|Catalan||Atac a Dol Guldur|
|Cebuano||Pag-atake sa Dol Guldur|
|Chichewa||Kuukira pa Dol Guldur|
|Cornish||Omsettyans en Dol Guldur|
|Corsican||Attaccu di u Dol Guldur|
|Croatian||Napad na Dol Guldur|
|Czech||Útok na Dol Guldur|
|Danish||Angreb på Dol Guldur|
|Dutch||Aanval op Dol Guldur|
|Esperanto||Atako sur Dol Gulduro|
|Estonian||Ründa Dol Guldur|
|Faroese||Leypa á Dol Guldur|
|Filipino||Atake sa Dol Guldur|
|Finnish||Hyökkäys Dol Guldur|
|French||Attaque contre Dol Guldur|
|Frisian||Oanfal op Dol Guldur|
|Galician||Ataque en Dol Guldur|
|Georgian||შეტევა დოლ გულდურზე|
|German||Angriff auf Dol Guldur|
|Greek||Επίθεση στο Δολ Γυλδορ ?|
|Gujarati||ડોલ ગુલડુર પર હુમલો|
|Haitian Creole||Atak sou Dol Guldur|
|Hawaiian||Hoouka ma Dol Guldur|
|Hebrew||התקפה על דול גולדור|
|Hindi||डोल गुलदूर पर हमला|
|Hmong||Nres ntawm Dol Guldur|
|Hungarian||Dol Guldur Támadása|
|Icelandic||Árás á Dol Guldur|
|Igbo||Agha na Dol Guldur|
|Indonesian||Serangan Dol Guldur|
|Irish Gaelic||Ionsaí ar Dol Guldur|
|Italian||Attacco a Dol Guldur|
|Javanese||Nyerang ing Dol Guldur|
|Kannada||ಡೊಲ ಗುಲ್ಡೋರ್ ಮೇಲೆ ದಾಳಿ|
|Kazakh Cyrillic||Дол Гұлдұр шабуыл|
|Korean||돌 굴 더르 에 공격|
|Kurdish||Êrîşek li ser Dol Guldur (Latin)|
|Kyrgyz Cyrillic||Дол Гулдур кол менен ?|
|Laotian||ການໂຈມຕີກ່ຽວກັບ Dol Guldur ?|
|Latvian||Uzbrukums Dol Guldur|
|Lithuanian||Atakos Dol Guldur|
|Luxembourgish||Ugrëff op Dol Guldur|
|Macedonian Cyrillic||Напад на Дол Гулдур|
|Maori||Whawhai i runga i Dol Guldur|
|Marathi||डोल गुलडुरवर हल्ला|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Дол Гулдур дээр халдлага|
|Norwegian||Angrep på Dol Guldur|
|Malagasy||Fanafihana Dol Guldur|
|Malay||Serang ke atas Dol Guldur|
|Maltese||Attakk fuq Dol Guldur|
|Nepalese||डोल गुलदुर मा आक्रमण|
|Persian||حمله دول گولدور|
|Polish||Atak na Dol Guldur|
|Portuguese||Ataque a Dol Guldur|
|Punjabi||ਡੋਲ ਗੁਲ੍ਦੁਰ ਉੱਤੇ ਹਮਲਾ|
|Romanian||Atac pe Dol Guldur|
|Russian||Атака на Дол Гулдур|
|Samoan||Osofaiga o Dol Guldur|
|Scottish Gaelic||Ionnsaigh air a Dol Guldur|
|Serbian||Напад на Дол Гулдур (Cyrillic) Napad na Dol Guldur (Latin)|
|Sesotho||Tlhaselo ka Dol Guldur|
|Sinhalese||ඩොල් ගුල්දුර් මත පහර ?|
|Slovak||Útok na Dol Guldur|
|Slovenian||Napad na Dol Guldurju|
|Somalian||Weerarkii dul saaran Dol Guldur|
|Spanish||Ataque a Dol Guldur|
|Sudanese||Nyerang kana Dol Guldur|
|Swahili||Mashambulizi ya Dol Guldur|
|Swedish||Angrepp på Dol Guldur|
|Tajik Cyrillic||Ҳамла ба Дол Гулдур|
|Tamil||டோல் குலத்துர் தாக்குதல்|
|Telugu||డోల్ గుల్దార్ మీద దాడి|
|Turkish||Dol Guldur'a saldırı|
|Ukrainian Cyrillic||Атака на Дол-Гулдур|
|Urdu||داول گولڈور پر حملہ|
|Uzbek||Дол Гулдур ҳужум (Cyrillic) Dol Guldur hujum (Latin)|
|Vietnamese||Tấn công vào Dol Guldur|
|Welsh||Ymosodiad ar Dol Guldur|
|Yoruba||Kolu lori Dol Guldur|
|Yucatec Maya||Ataque ti' Dol Guldur|