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Arthedain

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Map of the ancient Three Northern Kingdom
Arthedain
Background Information
Type Kingdom
Location Eriador
Realms Arnor
Capital Fornost
Founded/Built TA 861
Ruler Kings of Arthedain
Other Information
Summary Founded after the break-up of Arnor due to feuding amongst the nobles
Other names
Inhabitants Dúnedain, Hobbits
Spoken Languages
Lifespan TA 861 - TA 1974

Arthedain was one of the three kingdoms of Middle-earth that resulted from the breakup of Arnor during the Third Age.

HistoryEdit

During the reign of Eärendur his sons were in open discord, which erupted into civil war after Eärendur's death in TA 861. Amlaith, the true heir to the throne of Arnor, was opposed by his two brothers. Unable to resolve the situation, he was reduced to ruling the region of Arthedain, which consisted approximately of the lands west of the Brandywine River and north of the Great East Road. (His brothers created the kingdoms of Cardolan and Rhudaur to the south.)

The kingdom's capital was at Fornost, and Bree was one of its most important towns. Annúminas was in the territory of Arthedain, but mostly abandoned and falling into ruin.

In TA 1300 the kingdom of Angmar appeared at Arthedain's north-eastern border. Its King was the chief of the Ringwraiths, although this was not known to the Dúnedain. When this new threat came Cardolan placed itself under the suzerainty of Arthedain, which then began to call itself Arnor again. Cardolan repeatedly sent aid to Arthedain when needed but by TA 1409 Cardolan and Rhudaur were conquered by Angmar.

Arthedain kept up the resistance against Angmar for over 500 years but in TA 1974 Arthedain was overrun and Fornost fell into the hands of Angmar. It fell just one year too soon for help was underway from Gondor under the lead of Eärnur. This army reached Arthedain in TA 1975 and destroyed Angmar at the Battle of Fornost.

Arthedain's capital

Fornost, Arthedain's capital city

Its last King, Arvedui, drowned just before the battle was fought. The kings of Arthedain were also the lords of The Shire and the Shire chose the Thain to replace the kings.

The son of Arvedui, Aranarth decided not to rebuild the kingdom and so became the first Chieftain of the Dúnedain. From him Aragorn is descended.[1]

EtymologyEdit

Arthedain was a Sindarin word that meant 'Realm of the Edain'.[1] Arthedain(people)

were the Dúnedain of the old Kingdom of Arthedain.They were the most pure blooded descendants of the Númenóreans among the Dúnedain of the north.

Other mannish peoples of the kingdom of Arthedain included:

  • the Forodrim or eriadorian Northmen of the northern marches
  • the Breelanders
  • the Rivermen of Númeriador and the Baranduin
  • the Lossoth, sometimes temporarily encamped in the northern borders to the ice bay of Forochel. However, they mostly inhabited the far northern Cape of Forochel, beyond the boundaries of any nation.

See alsoEdit

Translation around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Armenian Արտհեդաին
Belarusian Артедайн
Bengali আর্থেদ্ঐন
Bulgarian Арведуи
Chinese 阿塞丹
Dari ارتههداین
Georgian ართჰედაინ
Greek Αρθεδαιν
Gujarati આર્થેદ્ઐન
Hebrew ארתהידאין
Hindi आर्थेद्ऐन
Kurdish ئرتهه‌داین ?
Kyrgyz Артhэдаин
Macedonian Артхедаин
Marathi आर्थेद्ऐन
Nepali आर्थेद्ऐन
Russian Артэдайн
Pashto آرتهېداین ?
Persian ارتههداین
Sanskrit आर्थेद्ऐन्
Serbian Артхедаин (Cyrillic) Arthedain (Latinised)
Sinhala ආර්ථෙද්ඓන්
Tajik Артҳедаин
Tamil ஆர்த்ஹெத்ஐந்
Telugu ఆర్థెదైన
Ukrainian Артедайн
Urdu ارٹہیداان
Uyghur ئرتھەداىن
Yiddish אַרטהעדאַין


ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Complete Guide to Middle-earth

External linkEdit

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