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200px-Ар-Фаразон

Ar-Pharazôn

Biographical information

Other names
The Golden, Tar-Calion
Titles
King of Númenor, King of the Sea
Date of birth
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Still alive
Realms ruled
Spouse
Weapon

Physical description

Race
Gender
Male
Height
Tall
Hair color
Eye color
Actor
Voice
Character

Ar-Pharazôn, also known as Ar-Pharazôn the Golden was the twenty-fifth and last King of Númenor. Of all the Kings of Númenor, he wielded the most power, but used it most unwisely; his desire for more power caused the destruction of Númenor and the Change of the World.

BiographyEdit

Ar-Pharazôn was the son of Gimilkhâd, the leader of the King's Men during the reign of Tar-Palantir of Númenor. Ar-Pharazôn grew into a man of great strength, stature, and will, not unlike the ancient heroes of the Edain. In these earlier days, he was good friends with Amandil, the future Lord of Andúnië and his line of people. However, he was his father's child and thus was instructed to follow in the ways of the King's Men.

Ar-Pharazôn became a man of great pride and was eager for more wealth and glory. He grew restless in his homeland and was often abroad leading like-minded Númenóreans in the wars that they were waging against the men of Middle-earth. In this he fared well on both land and sea for he won great wealth, and gained great respect as a captain. When he finally returned home, the people rejoiced in him and he was very popular and generous with the wealth and fortunes he won in Middle-earth.

Upon the death of his uncle, Tar-Palantir, who had no son, Ar-Pharazôn decided to wed his daughter, Míriel, which was against her will. As Tar-Míriel was the rightful Ruling Queen of Númenor, Ar-Pharazôn was able to usurp the throne. He gave to his wife the name Ar-Zimraphel, refusing to use the Elven speech, whilst persecuting the last vestiges of the Faithful.

With Sauron, the Lord of Mordor, expanding his power throughout Middle-earth and slowly gaining lordship over Man, Ar-Pharazôn felt a sense of rivalry and resolved to challenge him for the lordship of the earth. He attacked Mordor in SA 3261, and brought Sauron back as a hostage to his kingdom, but Sauron was soon brought into the service of the king and was master of his councils. He was able to corrupt Ar-Pharazôn, convincing him to worship Morgoth in the hope that he would be released from the Halls of Mandos. Some of the results of Sauron's cunning were the erecting of a Great Temple to Morgoth, intense persecution of the Faithful, and the chopping down of the White Tree of Númenor. Soon the king and his followers were worshiping Morgoth openly and burning innocents at the altar of the temple as sacrificial offerings to appease the false god.

Then, as Ar-Pharazôn felt the bite of old age upon him, Sauron was able to convince him to attack Valinor and claim the right to immortality by force. He began the building of a huge fleet, the Great Armament, to attack Valinor in SA 3310 and finally broke the Ban of the Valar, landing on the shores of the Undying Lands in SA 3319. The Valar then laid down their guardianship of the world and called upon Eru, the One. He sank Ar-Pharazôn's fleet and all of Númenor beneath the ocean, changing the shape of the world. Valinor was no longer connected to Middle-earth, and mortals could no longer find it. Afterwards, only elves and a few remarkable exceptions could reach it following the Straight Road into the far west. Ar-Pharazôn and his mighty host who landed on Aman were buried by mounds of dirt and remain in the Caves of the Forgotten until the last battle, or Dagor Dagorath. He and his great army's role in the end of days has not been made clear.

Legacy and successorsEdit

Ar-Pharazôn's tyrannical rule and rebellious resolve to break the Ban of the Valar and make war upon the west led to the end of the royal Númenórean line. Instead, the line of Elros was continued from the long line of the Lords of Andúnië. As Amandil of Andúnië did not return from his venture into the west, his son Elendil became the successor of a new kingdom that would rule from Middle-earth in exile. His two surviving sons, Isildur and Anárion followed him into exile and would in turn become his successors as well.

Ar-Pharazôn was remembered by the surviving Númenorean lineage with a sort of grudging respect. Despite his errors, he was the first and last Human capable to beat and humiliate the powerful dark lord Sauron by himself. In remembrance to this feat, in Umbar was erected a monument to the Golden King of Númenor: a dark crystal globe, on a tall white column, which absorbed sunrays and glimmered in the night for everyone to see. The monument was destroyed when Umbar corsairs swore allegiance to Sauron.[1][2][3][4]

EtymologyEdit

His chosen royal name of Pharazôn which means "Golden" was in Adûnaic; his name in Quenya was Tar-Calion with Calion meaning "Son of Light".

House of ElrosEdit

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elros
Tar-Minyatur
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Vardamir
   
   
Tindómiel
   
   
Manwendil
   
   
Atanalcar
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Amandil
   
   
Vardilmë
   
   
Aulendil
   
   
Nolondil
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eärendur
   
   
Tar-Elendil
   
   
Mairen
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Vëantur
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elatan
   
   
Silmariën
   
   
Isilmë
   
   
Tar-Meneldur
   
   
Almarian
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Valandil
   
   
Erendis
   
   
Tar-Aldarion
   
   
Ailinel
   
   
Orchaldor
   
   
Almiel
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Hallacar
   
   
Tar-Ancalimë
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Soronto
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Anárion
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Súrion
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Two daughters
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Telperiën
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Isilmo
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Minastir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Ciryatan
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Atanamir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Ancalimon
   
   
   
   
   
   
Unnamed child
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Telemmaitë
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Herucalmo
   
   
Tar-Vanimeldë
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Alcarin
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Calmacil
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Ardamin
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Gimilzagar
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Ar-Adûnakhôr
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Ar-Zimrathôn
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Ar-Sakalthôr
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Ar-Gimilzôr
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Palantir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Gimilkhâd
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tar-Míriel
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Ar-Pharazôn

Preceded by:
Tar-Palantir
King of Númenor
SA 3255 - SA 3319
Followed by:
None, (Royal Númenórean line destroyed)
Rulers of Númenor

Elros Tar-Minyatur | Vardamir Nólimon | Tar-Amandil | Tar-Elendil | Tar-Meneldur | Tar-Aldarion | Tar-Ancalimë | Tar-Anárion | Tar-Súrion | Tar-Telperiën | Tar-Minastir | Tar-Ciryatan | Tar-Atanamir | Tar-Ancalimon | Tar-Telemmaitë | Tar-Vanimeldë | Tar-Anducal (Herucalmo) | Tar-Alcarin | Tar-Calmacil | Tar-Ardamin | Ar-Adûnakhôr | Ar-Zimrathôn | Ar-Sakalthôr | Ar-Gimilzôr | Tar-Palantir | Ar-Pharazôn


ReferencesEdit

  1. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth pgs. 269-80
  2. Unfinished Tales pg. 224
  3. The Peoples of Middle-earth pgs. 159-65
  4. The Atlas of Middle-earth pg. 45

External linkEdit

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