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Jenny Dolfen - Ancalagon
Ancalagon the Black, by Jenny Dolfen at


Biographical information

Other names
Ancalagon the Black.
The Black
Date of birth
Possibly before the Creation of Arda
Year ascended to the throne
Date of death
Realms ruled
Fire, natural body weapons

Physical description

Fire-drakes (Dragons of Morgoth)
as large as a mountain
Hair color
Eye color

Ancalagon, also known as Ancalagon the Black, was the greatest of all winged dragons bred by Morgoth during the First Age, and the largest dragon to have ever lived.


Dragon of the First Age by rubendevela

Ancalagon the Black faces Eärendil, by Rubendevela

During the War of Wrath, Eärendil came out of the west in his boat Vingilot, accompanied by the Eagles of Manwë led by Thorondor; and they and Eärendil dueled with Ancalagon and the other Dragons for an entire day. Eventually, Eärendil was victorious, throwing Ancalagon upon Thangorodrim and destroying its towers. The fall of Ancalagon marked the end of Morgoth's final resistance.[2]

Later mentionsEdit

Gandalf spoke of him as he told Frodo the true origin of his Ring. "It has been said that dragon-fire could melt and consume the Rings of Power, but there is not now any dragon left on earth in which the old fire is hot enough; nor was there ever any dragon, not even Ancalagon the Black, who could have harmed the One Ring, the Ruling Ring, for that was made by Sauron himself."[3]


The name Ancalagon is Sindarin, meaning "Rushing Jaws" from anca ("Jaws") and the root alak- ("Rushing").[4]

Other NamesEdit

The Middle English translation for Ancalagon is Andracca from and- ("opposition"), anda ("hatred, envy"), and draca ("dragon").[5]


Ancalagon's size is not specified, but may be gigantic due to the destruction of "the towers of Thangorodrim", which are elsewhere identified with the three smoking peaks of the mountain. He was however, said to be as big as a mountain.[6] However, his size is never directly specified and some powerful but small creatures are able to cause great destruction even in death, such as Durin's Bane breaking the slopes of Celebdil. Like all other Urulóki, Ancalagon breathed fire, which was said to be hotter than any other dragon's flame.


  • In 1977, an extinct genus of worms found in the The Walcott Quarry on Fossil Ridge in 1911 dating from the Middle Cambrian Era from the Cambrian Burgess Shale was named Ancalagon, inspired by Tolkien's dragon.[7]

Translations around the WorldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Chinese (Hong Kong) 安卡拉剛
Russian Анкалагон
Polish Ankalagon
Hebrew אָנְקָלֶגוֹן


Ancalagon of Angband by book illustrator
Ancalagon of Angband by Book-illustrator
Ancalagon the black by brokenmachine86-d45n2qt
Ancalagon flying by BrokenMachine86
The Dark Shadow by felipe elias
The dark shadow by Felipe-elias
Ancalagon v2 copy
The great one by drZ73
Greatest creation of Morgoth by Deagol
Crawling over a ruin by deagol
Ancalagon the black by skyrace-d7hemcm
The devils by Skyrace
Ancalagon attacks the vingilot by belegilgalad-d319r54
Ancalagon and the flying ship by Belegilgalad
Towering over mountains
War of Wrath


  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 11: The War of the Jewels, V. The Tale of Years
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIV: "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  3. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter II: "The Shadow of the Past"
  4. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  5. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 4: The Shaping of Middle-earth, III: "The Quenta", Appendix 1: Translation of Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English
  6. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Thangorodrim"

External linkEdit

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